Medical fiction is fiction whose events center upon a hospital, an ambulance staff, or any medical environment. It is highly prevalent on television, especially as medical dramas, as well as in novels.
An example of medical fiction, is the science fiction television episode "Ethics" in Star Trek: The Next Generation; one of the characters has his spinal cord replaced on a space station with a new one. The episode was broadcast in 1991 and also explored medical ethics.
In another case, aphasia mentioned in the television episode "Babel" of Star Trek: Deep Space Nine, is a real life disorder of disorder, "inability to understand or use written or spoken words." The condition is caused by a brain injury such as from a stroke, tumor, or and infection. In the television episode, the aphasia is caused by a virus.
- Romance novels have an independent subcategory in medicine, medical romance, with its own settings and characters.
- Medical crime or conspiracy
- Medical thriller
- Medical comedy
- Science Fiction
- Surawicz, Borys; Jacobson, Beverly (2009) Doctors in Fiction: Lessons from Literature. Radcliffe Publishing, ISBN 978-1-84619-328-6
- Scott, Philipp A. (1992) The medical research novel in English and German, 1900-1950. Popular Press, ISBN 0-87972-552-4
- Nemecek, Larry (2012-09-25). The Next Generation Companion: Star Trek The Next Generation. Simon and Schuster. ISBN 978-1-4711-0679-8.
- Aphasia. National Institutes of Health. 1983.
- Ayers, Jeff (2006-12-29). Voyages of Imagination: The Star Trek Fiction Companion. Simon and Schuster. ISBN 978-1-4165-2548-6.