The Marshall Scholarship is a postgraduate scholarship for "intellectually distinguished young Americans [and] their country's future leaders" to study at any university in the United Kingdom. Created by the Parliament of the United Kingdom in 1953 as a living gift to the United States in recognition of the generosity of Secretary of State George C. Marshall and the Marshall Plan in the wake of World War II, the goal of the scholarship was to strengthen the Special Relationship between the two countries for "the good of mankind in this turbulent world." The scholarships are awarded by the Marshall Aid Commemoration Commission and are largely funded by the British government.
With nearly 1,000 applicants in recent years, it is among the most selective graduate scholarship for Americans, with an acceptance rate around 4 percent, and as low as 3.2 percent in 2015. It is widely considered one of the most prestigious scholarships for U.S. citizens, and along with the Fulbright Scholarship, it is the only broadly available scholarship available to Americans to study at any university in the United Kingdom. The program was also the first major co-educational British graduate scholarship; one-third of the inaugural cohort in 1954 were women.
There are over 1,900 Marshall Scholar alumni,. In the Federal government, current alumni include two of the nine current Associate Justices of the Supreme Court of the United States (Neil Gorsuch and Stephen Breyer), and the Director of the CIA, William Joseph Burns. Other alumni have been members of Congress and the presidential cabinet; state governors; CEOs of companies such as LinkedIn and Dolby Labs; deans of Yale Law School, Stanford Law School, the Harvard Kennedy School and Harvard College; and presidents of Duke University, Wellesley College, the Cooper Union, and Caltech. They also include one Nobel Laureate, one winner of the Kluge Prize, four Pulitzer Prize–winning authors, two winners of the John Bates Clark Medal, twelve MacArthur Genius Grant awardees, the president of the National Bureau of Economic Research, the managing editors of Time magazine and CNN, the international news editor of The New York Times, NASA's youngest astronaut, two Oscar nominees, one winner of the National Medal of Technology and Innovation, and one awardee of the Distinguished Flying Cross for service during the Iraq War.
A close accord between our two countries is essential to the good of mankind in this turbulent world of today, and that is not possible without an intimate understanding of each other. These scholarships point the way to the continuation and growth of the understanding which found its necessity in the terrible struggle of the war years.
The published objectives of the Marshall Scholarships are outlined as follows:
- To enable intellectually distinguished young Americans, their country's future leaders, to study in the UK.
- To help scholars gain an understanding and appreciation of contemporary Britain.
- To contribute to the advancement of knowledge in science, technology, the humanities and social sciences and the creative arts at Britain's centres of academic excellence.
- To motivate scholars to act as ambassadors from the US to the UK and vice versa throughout their lives thus strengthening British American understanding.
- To promote the personal and academic fulfilment of each scholar.
Plans to establish "Marshall Scholarships" as a living memorial to Secretary of State George Marshall were announced by British Foreign Secretary Anthony Eden on July 31, 1952, and were enacted by the Parliament of the United Kingdom when the Marshall Aid Commemoration Act was passed in 1953. The act's passage was backed by "leaders of all political hues," with British Foreign Secretary Ernest Bevin describing the scholarship's establishment as "a great opportunity for Europe."
While the authors of the proposal initially considered partnering with the Rhodes Scholarship, and even considered using the same selection committees, this idea was eventually disregarded because its proponents strongly believed the scholarships should be available to women, and to married men under the age of 28 (at the time, the Rhodes Scholarship was limited to single men under the age of 25). The creation of a separate scholarship was a cause of great concern to Lord Godfrey Elton, the head of the Rhodes Trust at the time, who worried that the ability to study at other universities would draw potential applicants. He urged the Foreign Office to create a "reverse exchange" for British students in the United States instead. The Rhodes Scholarship became open to women beginning in 1977 following the passage of the British Sex Discrimination Act in 1975.
In 1959, when Parliament doubled the number of scholars from 12 to 24, British politician Philip Noel-Baker argued that "Marshall, more than perhaps any other man, destroyed isolation in the United States and built up the conception that only collective security through international institutions can save the world...I think the world has never seen an act of greater national generosity than Marshall aid and the other aid which the United States has given to other continents throughout the last 15 years." By 1960, six years after their establishment, the scholarship was "on its way to becoming as well-known and respected as the fellow phrase, "Rhodes [Scholarship]," and both scholarships attracted roughly 500 to 600 applicants.
As part of the celebrations for the 50th Anniversary of the Marshall Scholarships in 2003, Marshall Medals were awarded to a group of distinguished Americans in recognition of their contributions to US-UK relations, including Justice Stephen Breyer (1959 Marshall Scholar), Dr. Ray Dolby (1957 Marshall Scholar), Thomas L. Friedman (1975 Marshall Scholar), and former President of Duke University Nannerl Keohane (1961 Marshall Scholar).
The number of scholars was increased to 30 in 1973, 40 in 1991, and between 2004-2007 "up to 44". In 2010, the Commission decided to offer a limited number of one year awards. In 2016, the Foreign Office announced that 40 scholars had been selected, a 25 percent increase over the originally planned 32, with Foreign Office Minister Alok Sharma calling it a demonstration of how "resolute Britain is in its commitment to the special relationship."
In the early years of the Marshall Scholarship, it was common for new Scholars to travel together to the UK on an ocean liner, but now Scholars are usually flown together to London from Washington, D.C. following a welcome program with top US and UK government and diplomatic officials.
Selection, selectivity, and academic destinations
Prospective applicants must first be endorsed by their universities to apply. The selection process is then coordinated through the eight major British embassy/consulate regions in the United States (Atlanta, Boston, Chicago, Houston, Los Angeles, New York, San Francisco, and Washington, D.C.). Selection committees in each region, consisting of former Scholars and other distinguished individuals, receive university-endorsed applications (including personal statements and essays) which are used to select a short list of candidates for interviews. Each committee then interviews each of the regional finalists prior to making the final decisions on the year's awards. In 2014, 16 percent of university-endorsed applicants received an interview.
Although most of the responsibility for selecting the recipients is in the hands of the committees, a few formal guidelines have been outlined in the official selection criteria, most notably:
As future leaders, with a lasting understanding of British society, Marshall Scholars will strengthen the enduring relationship between the British and American peoples, their governments and their institutions. Marshall Scholars are talented, independent and wide-ranging in their interests, and their time as Scholars will enhance their intellectual and personal growth. Their direct engagement with Britain through its best academic programmes will contribute to their ultimate personal success. In appointing Scholars the selectors will look for distinction of intellect and character as evidenced both by their scholastic attainments and by their other activities and achievements. Preference will be given to candidates who display a potential to make a significant contribution to their own society. Selectors will also look for strong motivation and seriousness of purpose, including the presentation of a specific and realistic academic programme.
Between 900 and 1000 students are typically endorsed to apply for the Marshall Scholarship annually, with 979 applying in 2014 (compared to 857 for the U.S. Rhodes Scholarship, and 924 for the UK Fulbright Program), of whom 3.4 percent were ultimately selected. In 2015 and 2016, 3.2 and 3.5 percent of university-endorsed applicants to the Marshall Scholarship were elected. In 2020, 1,000 students were endorsed, 160 interviewed, and 46 selected.
The Marshall selection committees place a strong emphasis on academic achievement and potential, and as such the application requires a minimum GPA of 3.7. Successful applicants, however, typically have much higher GPAs: more than half of applicants have perfect academic records. Winners from Harvard University have had average GPAs of 3.92, and Stanford University recommends that applicants have a GPA of 3.8 or above. In comparison, winners of the Rhodes Scholarship from Harvard have had an average GPA of 3.8.
Between 1954 and 2021, 255 of 2,138 scholars received their undergraduate degrees from Harvard University (12 percent), 137 from Princeton University, 123 from Yale University, 94 from Stanford University, and 82 from the Massachusetts Institute of Technology. Among public universities, the top producers are the United States Military Academy, with 44 scholars, followed by the University of California, Berkeley and the United States Naval Academy, each with 32 scholars. The following table includes those institutions that have produced 30 or more scholars since 1954.
|Massachusetts Institute of Technology||82|
|United States Military Academy||44|
|United States Naval Academy||32|
|University of California, Berkeley||32|
† Harvard University includes Radcliffe College, Brown University includes Pembroke College, and Columbia University includes Barnard College.
University of Oxford, University of Cambridge, London School of Economics, University College London, University of Edinburgh, King's College London and Imperial College London have always dominated the list of preferred universities selected by both the endorsed and the actually interviewed Marshall Scholarship applicants from 2005 to 2016. SOAS and the LSHTM have also sometimes been highly preferred.
These nine institutions almost always form the dominant block of the destinations of eventually selected Scholars. That said, Scholars have attended a wide range of universities throughout the UK, many of which are ranked among the best in the world.
In 2015, there were 69 Marshall Scholars in residence at British universities including those who were selected for the classes of 2012, 2013, and 2014. During this time, there were 27 scholars at the University of Oxford, 17 at the University of London (including 5 each at the London School of Economics and King's College London, and 1 at University College London), 13 at the University of Cambridge, and 4 at Imperial College London. Of these scholars, 46 were studying arts and social sciences while 23 were studying science, engineering or mathematics.
Comparison to other post-graduate scholarships
The Marshall Scholarship is more selective than the Churchill Scholarship, the Harry S. Truman Scholarship, or the UK Fulbright Program, approximately as selective as the American Rhodes Scholarship and the Mitchell Scholarship, and less selective than the Gates Cambridge Scholarship.
In structure and selection criteria, the Scholarship is most similar to the American Rhodes Scholarship and the Fulbright Program. Like the Fulbright available for study in the United Kingdom, Marshall Scholars can study at any university in the UK. However, under the Fulbright, applicants compete in separate pools for 43 specified universities of varying selectivity, except for two awards tenable at any university.
In structure, the Marshall Scholarship is more flexible than the Rhodes Scholarship, in that Marshall Scholars can study at any British university, and can also attend a different university each year during a Scholar's tenure. In addition, a limited number of one-year Marshall scholarships are available. Unlike Rhodes Scholars, Marshall Scholars must be American citizens (in comparison, approximately 80 Rhodes Scholarships are given annually to citizens of over a dozen countries). In process, the Marshall Scholarship is approximately as selective as the Rhodes and Mitchell Scholarships: the Marshall was awarded to 3.4 percent of university-endorsed applicants in 2014, compared to 3.7 percent for the Rhodes in 2014 and 3.2 percent for the Mitchell Scholarship in 2017. Also, because the selection processes of the scholarships discussed above differ, the likelihood that an applicant will be granted a final round interview is different for each scholarship. In 2014, 15.9 percent of university-endorsed applicants for the Marshall Scholarship received a finalist interview, compared to 24 percent of Rhodes applicants and 5.4 percent of Mitchell applicants.
While the selection committees continue to emphasize academic potential, over time "the Marshall program has become more Rhodes-like, stating that it is seeking persons who also demonstrate leadership potential." In general, "nearly all Rhodes Scholars are willing to admit that, by and large, the Marshalls are superior if one looks just at grade point averages and other signs of academic achievement," but this is a point of both "admiration" and "disdain.":293 Walter Isaacson, describing Rhodes Scholars as "fairly intelligent, well-rounded, honest people who could be counted on to be upstanding citizens," has said that "the real geniuses...were the Marshall Scholars," perhaps because of the expectation that Rhodes Scholars be "all-rounders." In practice, the Marshall and Rhodes have engaged an "informal rivalry," but in career trajectory after the completion of their fellowships, "the line between [the fellowships] is not so evident," with scholars pursuing similar fields with similar success. In general, a higher percentage of Marshall Scholars "go on to careers in academe and research, whereas Rhodes Scholars are more evenly scattered through the full range of professional occupations.":357
Association of Marshall Scholars
- publicize the Marshall Scholarship Program in the United States and to provide information on British educational institutions in general
- aid in the selection of future Marshall Scholars
- maintain contact among Marshall Scholars and Marshall Scholar Alumni
- sponsor programs that would further the charitable and educational aims of the Marshall Scholarship Program.
In 2017 the Association of Marshall Scholars, in partnership with the German Marshall Fund and the British Embassy, Washington, hosted the Harvard Marshall Forum at Harvard University to mark the 70th anniversary of the Marshall Plan and focused on its legacy and impact today. The event featured 30 distinguished speakers including Madeleine Albright as well as Supreme Court Justices Stephen Breyer and Neil Gorsuch - both Marshall Scholars.
In 2018, the AMS partnered with the British Consulate General, San Francisco and the Bechtel International Center at Stanford University to host a Marshall Forum on Innovation. The Forum focused on the pipeline of scientific invention in fields such as biomedicine and genetics that are of particular interest to the United States and the United Kingdom. Distinguished speakers included Reid Hoffman, a Marshall Scholar, and David Reitze, Director of LIGO Laboratory. The Forum highlighted societal challenges and opportunities raised by explosive innovations in these fields as they interact with advances in machine learning, artificial intelligence, and data science.
In 2019, the AMS hosted the Marshall Forum with the Carnegie Endowment for International Peace, focusing on peace and prosperity. The Forum featured 17 distinguished speakers including the Governor of the Bank of England Mark Carney, the Director of US National Security Agency General Paul Nakasone, former U.S. Ambassadors Michael Froman, Carla Hills, and Bill Burns, and former British Ambassador to the United States Kim Darroch.
The Association of Marshall Scholars releases an annual public opinion poll in partnership with Emerson College in Boston, MA. The poll measures the American public's perceptions of the United Kingdom.
Notable Marshall Scholars
|Name||US university||UK university||Year
|Anthony C. E. Quainton||Princeton University||Oxford University||1955||Former Ambassador To Nicaragua, Kuwait, Peru, And Central African Empire, Director General of the Foreign Service|
|Thomas Eugene Everhart||Harvard University||Cambridge University||1955||Physicist. Former President of the California Institute of Technology. Former Chancellor of the University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign. Inventor of the Everhart-Thornley Detector.|
|Ray Dolby||Stanford University||Cambridge University||1957||Inventor Of Dolby Sound And Chairman Of Dolby Laboratories|
|Arthur Jaffe||Princeton University||Cambridge University||1959||L.T. Clay Professor of Mathematics and Theoretical Science, Harvard University|
|John Jay Iselin||Harvard University||Cambridge University||1959||Former President Of Cooper Union, Former President Of Wnet|
|Stephen Breyer||Stanford University||Oxford University||1959||Associate Justice Of The U.S. Supreme Court Since 1994|
|Bruce Babbitt||University of Notre Dame||Newcastle University||1960||Former Governor Of Arizona And U.S. Secretary Of The Interior For President Bill Clinton|
|Keith Griffin||Williams College||Oxford University||1960||Former President of Magdalen College, Oxford.|
|Nannerl Keohane||Wellesley College||Oxford University||1961||Former President Of Both Duke University (1993–2004) and Wellesley College (1981–1993)|
|Ed Victor||Dartmouth College||Cambridge University||1961||Journalist and Literary Agent|
|Graham Allison||Harvard University||Oxford University||1962||Foreign Policy Expert And Founding Dean Of Harvard University's Kennedy School Of Government; Former Undersecretary Of Defense|
|Thomas C. Grey||Stanford University||Oxford University||1963||Professor of Law, Stanford University|
|Thomas Babe||Harvard University||Cambridge University||1963||Playwright|
|Stuart Kauffman||Dartmouth College||Oxford University||1963||Founder of the Elizabeth Kauffman Institute for Transforming Medicine, Complex Systems Researcher, Medical Doctor, and Author. MacArthur Genius Grant|
|Alfred Guzzetti||Harvard University||University of London||1964||Experimental and Documentary Filmmaker, and Harvard University Professor|
|John Spratt||Davidson College||Oxford University||1964||Congressman for South Carolina's 5th Congressional District (1983–2011), Chairman of the United States House Committee on the Budget (2007–2011)|
|William H. Janeway||Princeton University||Cambridge University||1965||Venture capitalist (former Vice Chairman of Warburg Pincus) and Economist|
|Lewis Sargentich||Occidental College||Sussex University||1965||Professor At Harvard Law School|
|Benjamin M. Friedman||Harvard University||Cambridge University||1966||American Political Economist|
|Linn Hobbs||Northwestern University||Oxford University||1966||Professor Emeritus of Materials Science and Nuclear Engineering at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology|
|William Broyles, Jr.||Rice University||Oxford University||1966||American Screenwriter known for work on Apollo 13 (film), Cast Away, and The Polar Express (film).|
|Daniel Yergin||Yale University||Cambridge University||1968||Pulitzer Prize-Winning American Author, Speaker. Co-Founder And Chairman Of Cambridge Energy Research Associates.|
|Jerry A. Hausman||Brown University||Oxford University||1968||Professor of Economics, MIT. Frisch Medal (1980). John Bates Clark Medal (1985)|
|Robert Oden||Harvard University||Cambridge University||1969||Former President of Carleton College, former President of Kenyon College|
|Peter Kramer||Harvard University||University College, London||1970||Author of Listening To Prozac (1993)|
|Nancy Cox||Iowa State University||Cambridge University||1970||Virologist. Director of the Influenza Division at the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) and director of CDC's World Health Organization (WHO) Collaborating Center for Surveillance, Epidemiology and Control of Influenza|
|Jonathan Galassi||Harvard College||Cambridge University||1971||President of Farrar, Straus and Giroux, Honorary Chairman of Academy of American Poets|
|Marty Kaplan||Harvard University||Cambridge University||1971||Associate Dean For Programs And Planning Of The Usc Annenberg School For Communication And Director Of The Norman Lear Center For The Study Of Entertainment|
|Jonathan Erichsen||Harvard University||Oxford University||1972||Professor of Visual Neuroscience, Cardiff University|
|Odaline de la Martinez||Tulane University||Royal Academy of Music||1972||Cuban-American Composer And First Woman To Ever Direct A Bbc Prom|
|Roger Tsien||Harvard University||Cambridge University||1972||Winner Of Nobel Prize In Chemistry, 2008|
|Benedict Gross||Harvard University||Oxford University||1973||Professor of Mathematics known for the Gross–Zagier theorem, former dean of Harvard College|
|James K. Galbraith||Harvard University||Cambridge University||1974||Economist and Journalist|
|James F. Gilliam||University of North Carolina||University of Wales (Bangor)||1974||Biologist and ISI Highly Cited Researcher|
|William A. Darity Jr.||Brown University||London School of Economics||1974||Economist, Samuel DuBois Cook Professor of Public Policy at Duke University|
|Douglas A. Melton||University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign||Cambridge University||1975||Professor and Chair Of The Harvard University Department Of Stem Cell And Regenerative Biology|
|Thomas Friedman||Brandeis University||Oxford University||1975||Journalist, author, and three time Pulitzer Prize winner. New York Times Columnist.|
|Harold Koh||Harvard University||Oxford University||1975||Legal Adviser Of The Department Of State; Former Dean Of The Yale Law School|
|Sandra E. Shumway||Southampton College, Long Island University||University of Wales (Bangor)||1976||Research Professor, University Of Connecticut; Marine Scientist|
|Amy Wax||Yale University||Oxford University||1976||the Robert Mundheim Professor of Law at the University of Pennsylvania Law School|
|Jane M. Hawkins||College of the Holy Cross||University of Warwick||1976||Mathematician and Professor, University of North Carolina, Chapel Hill|
|Kathleen Sullivan||Cornell University||Oxford University||1976||Professor and Former Dean of Stanford Law School|
|Paul Tash||Indiana University||University of Edinburgh||1976||CEO of Times Publishing Company, Editor in Chief of Tampa Bay Times, Chair of the Pulitzer Prize Board 2013-2014|
|Mary E Edgerton||UT MD Anderson Cancer Center||University of East Anglia||1976||Breast Cancer Researcher, Breast Pathologist, and Pathology Informatician.|
|Jef McAllister||Yale University||Oxford University||1977||Former London Bureau Chief of TIME|
|Bill Buford||University of California, Berkeley||Cambridge University||1977||Founding Editor Of Granta, European Correspondent for the New Yorker|
|Edward Hundert||Yale University||Oxford University||1978||Educator, Psychiatrist, and Medical Ethicist|
|William Joseph Burns||La Salle University||Oxford University||1978||U.S. Deputy Secretary Of State; Former Undersecretary Of State; Former United States Ambassador To Russia|
|Jeff Modisett||University of California, Los Angeles||Oxford University||1978||Former Attorney General of Indiana|
|Thomas Carothers||Harvard University||London School of Economics||1978||Vice President For Studies At The Carnegie Endowment For International Peace|
|Mark Whitaker||Harvard University||Oxford University||1979||Managing Editor of CNN Worldwide, Former Senior Vice President Of NBC News, Editor Of Newsweek|
|Arthur L. Haywood III||Morehouse College||London School of Economics||1979||Pennsylvania State Senator for the 4th District.|
|Jeffrey Rosensweig||Yale University||Oxford University||1979||Author, Director Of Global Perspectives at the Goizueta School Of Business Of Emory University|
|E. Sterl Phinney||California Institute of Technology||Cambridge University||1980||Professor of Theoretical Physics at the California Institute of Technology|
|Bruce Allen||Massachusetts Institute of Technology||Cambridge University||1980||Director of the Max Planck Institute for Gravitational Physics|
|Kurt M. Campbell||University of California, San Diego||Oxford University||1980||Assistant Secretary Of State For East Asian And Pacific Affairs|
|Steven Strogatz||Princeton University||Cambridge University||1980||Applied Mathematician (Complex Networks)|
|James M. Poterba||Harvard University||Oxford University||1980||Professor of Economics at MIT, President and CEO of NBER|
|Richard Cordray||Michigan State University||Oxford University||1981||Director Of The Consumer Financial Protection Bureau|
|D. Cameron Findlay||Northwestern University||Oxford University||1982||White House aide to George H.W. Bush, Deputy Secretary of Labor, General Counsel at Aon, Medtronic, ADM, Partner at Sidley Austin|
|Nancy Gibbs||Yale University||Oxford University||1982||Managing Editor Of Time|
|Seth Lloyd||Harvard University||Cambridge University||1982||Quantum Information Scientist|
|Ted Conover||Amherst College||Cambridge University||1982||Author, Essayist And Journalist|
|Daniel Benjamin||Harvard University||Oxford University||1983||Coordinator For Counterterrorism and Ambassador at Large, State Department|
|Stephen Jennings||Dartmouth College||University of Oxford||1983||Co-CEO, Monitor Group (now Monitor Deloitte)|
|Matthew Adler||Yale University||Oxford University||1984||Professor at Duke Law School and the founding director of the Duke Center for Law, Economics and Public Policy|
|Michael Klarman||University of Pennsylvania||Oxford University||1984||Bancroft Prize Winner and Constitutional Law Scholar at Harvard Law School|
|Sheryll D. Cashin||Vanderbilt University||Oxford University||1984||Law Professor, Georgetown University|
|Cindy Sughrue||Boston University||University of Sheffield||1985||CEO of Scottish Ballet, Director of the Charles Dickens Museum, London|
|Michael Otsuka||Yale University||Oxford University||1986||Professor Of Philosophy, London School of Economics and Political Science|
|Anne Applebaum||Yale University||London School of Economics||1986||Pulitzer Prize. Columnist for the Washington Post and Slate, former member of the Washington Post Editorial Board.|
|Jeffrey Rosen||Harvard University||Oxford University||1986||Author, Law Professor, and Legal Affairs Editor At The New Republic|
|Terri Sewell||Princeton University||Oxford University||1987||Congresswoman for Alabama's 7th Congressional District (2010–present)|
|David Laibson||Harvard University||London School of Economics||1988||Professor Of Economics, Harvard University|
|Melissa Lane||Harvard University||Cambridge University||1988||Professor of Political Theory At Princeton University|
|Kris Kobach||Harvard University||Oxford University||1988||Secretary of State of Kansas (2011), Chairman of the Kansas Republican Party, National Rowing Champion|
|Mark Filip||University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign||Oxford University||1988||United States Deputy Attorney General|
|Patrick M. Byrne||Dartmouth College||Cambridge University||1988||Chairman Of The Board And President Of Overstock.Com|
|Byron Auguste||Yale University||Oxford University||1989||Deputy Director, National Economic Council and Director of McKinsey's Global Social Sector Office|
|Heather J. Sharkey||Yale University||Durham University||1990||Professor of Near Eastern Languages and Civilizations at the University of Pennsylvania, Carnegie Scholar, Fulbright-Hays Scholar|
|Charles King||University of Arkansas||Oxford University||1990||Georgetown University Professor and Author|
|Peter R. Orszag||Princeton University||London School of Economics||1991||Director, Office of Management and Budget. Former Director, Congressional Budget Office|
|Stephen Quake||Stanford University||Oxford University||1991||Professor of Bioengineering at Stanford University, Inventor, and Entrepreneur|
|Jeffrey Glueck||Harvard University||Oxford University||1991||COO and CEO of Foursquare|
|Rosa Brooks||Harvard University||Oxford University||1991||Counselor To The Under Secretary For Policy, U.S. Department Of Defense; Los Angeles Times Columnist And Georgetown Law Professor|
|Jeremy Heyl||Princeton University||Durham and Cambridge Universities||1992||Professor of Physics and Astronomy at the University of British Columbia|
|Angela Duckworth||Harvard College||Oxford University||1992||2013 MacArthur Genius Grant, Head of Duckworth Lab at the University of Pennsylvania|
|Kelly Grovier||University of California, Los Angeles||Oxford University||1992||Poet and Literary Critic for the Observer and the Times Literary Supplement|
|Neil Gorsuch||Columbia University||Oxford University||1992||Associate Justice of the Supreme Court of the United States since 2017|
|Annabel Park||Boston University||Oxford University||1992||Documentary filmmaker (9500 Liberty, Story of America)|
|Drew Daniel||University of California, Berkeley||Oxford University||1993||Member of Matmos And Professor at Johns Hopkins University|
|Nancy Lublin||Brown University||Oxford University||1993||Creator And Founder, Dress For Success, and CEO, Do Something|
|Danielle Allen||Princeton University||Cambridge University||1993||Director of the Harvard Edmond J. Safra Center for Ethics, Harvard University Professor, MacArthur Genius Grant 2001, Chair of Pulitzer Prize Board 2014-2015|
|Kannon Shanmugam||Harvard University||Oxford University||1993||Supreme Court Litigator|
|Ahilan Arulanantham||Georgetown University||Oxford University||1994||2016 MacArthur "Genius" Award (2014)|
|Jeffrey Gettleman||Cornell University||Oxford University||1994||Pulitzer Prize Winning Author, East Africa Bureau Chief for the New York Times|
|Jennifer Daskal||Brown University||Cambridge University||1994||Former Counsel, National Security Division, Department Of Justice|
|Amy Finkelstein||Harvard University||Oxford University||1995||Professor at MIT, Winner of the Clark Medal For Economics in 2012|
|Jason Bordoff||Brown University||Oxford University||1995||Former Special Assistant to the President, National Security Council|
|Nicole Krauss||Stanford University||Oxford University||1996||Novelist, History Of Love|
|Mark Hersam||University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign||Cambridge University||1996||Professor of Chemistry, Northwestern University. MacArthur "Genius" Award (2014)|
|Jonathan Orszag||Princeton University||Oxford University||1996||Senior Managing Director of Compass Lexecon, former Clinton Administration Economic Advisor|
|A. Benjamin Spencer||Morehouse College||London School of Economics||1996||Justice Thurgood Marshall Distinguished Professor of Law at University of Virginia School of Law; Captain, U.S. Army Reserve (JAG)|
|Derek Kilmer||Princeton University||Oxford University||1996||U.S. Representative for Washington's 6th Congressional District|
|Samuel Rascoff||Harvard University||Oxford University||1996||Professor at New York University School of Law|
|Joshua Oppenheimer||Harvard University||University of the Arts London||1997||Award-Winning Documentary Film Director, Director of The Act of Killing, MacArthur "Genius" Award 2014|
|Robert Lane Greene||Tulane University||Oxford University||1997||Journalist for The Economist, The New Republic, The New York Times, Slate|
|Kim Campbell||United States Air Force Academy||Imperial College, London||1997||USAF Pilot, awarded Distinguished Flying Cross for service during the Iraq War|
|Katie Beirne Fallon||University of Notre Dame||Queens University Belfast; London School of Economics||1998||Legislative Affairs Director, White House|
|Sewell Chan||Harvard University||Oxford University||1998||American Journalist; Deputy Opinion Page Editor of the New York Times|
|Warwick Sabin||University of Arkansas||Oxford University||1998||Member of the Arkansas House of Representatives|
|Daniel Klein||Cornell University||Oxford University||1998||Professor of Computer Science, University of California at Berkeley|
|Josh West||Yale University||Cambridge University||1999||Professor of Earth Sciences, University of Southern California. Rower medalist in the 2008 Beijing Olympics for Great Britain.|
|Matthew Spence||Stanford University||Oxford University||2000||Deputy Assistant Secretary of Defense For Middle East Policy, Department Of Defense|
|Zachary D. Kaufman||Yale University||Oxford University||2000||Legal Academic And Social Entrepreneur|
|Adam Cohen||Harvard University||Cambridge University||2001||Professor of Chemistry and Chemical Biology, Physics at Harvard University|
|Krish Vignarajah||Yale University||Oxford University||2001||President & CEO of the Lutheran Immigration and Refugee Service|
|Anne McClain||U.S. Military Academy at West Point||University of Bath and University of Bristol||2002||Major, U.S. Army. NASA Astronaut.|
|Collin O'Mara||Dartmouth College||Oxford University||2003||President of National Wildlife Federation; Former Delaware Secretary Of Natural Resources And Environmental Control|
|Scott MacIntyre||Arizona State University||Royal Holloway, University of London and the Royal College of Music||2005||Musician and American Idol Season 8 Contestant|
|Andrew Klaber||Yale University
|Oxford University||2004||Partner at Paulson & Company|
|Tianhui Michael Li||Princeton University||Cambridge University||2007||Hertz Foundation Fellow, first Data Scientist in residence at Andreessen Horowitz, founder of The Data Incubator|
- Churchill Scholarship at University of Cambridge
- Fulbright Scholarship
- Gates Cambridge Scholarship at University of Cambridge
- Harry S. Truman Scholarship
- Knight-Hennessy Scholarship at Stanford University
- Mitchell Scholarship at universities in the Republic of Ireland and Northern Ireland
- Rhodes Scholarship at University of Oxford
- Schwarzman Scholarship at Tsinghua University
- Yenching Scholars at Peking University
- Jardine Scholarship at University of Oxford and University of Cambridge
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