|Country represented||West Germany|
|Born||21 March 1943|
Frankfurt am Main, Hessen, West Germany
|Former partner||Hans-Jürgen Bäumler |
Marika Kilius (German pronunciation: [maˈʁiːkaː ˈkiːli̯ʊs] (listen); born 24 March 1943) is a German former pair skater. With Hans-Jürgen Bäumler, she is a two-time Olympic silver medalist, a two-time World champion, and a six-time European champion. Earlier in her career, she competed with Franz Ningel.
Marika Kilius, the daughter of a hairdresser, was born on 24 March 1943 in Frankfurt am Main, Hessen. In 1964, she married Werner Zahn, the son of a factory owner from Frankfurt am Main. The couple divorced, and Kilius also divorced her second husband. She has two children, Sascha and Melanie Schäfer, and as of May 2005, two grandchildren.
Kilius began as a singles skater but picked up pairs very early. Her first partner was Franz Ningel. They placed fourth at the 1956 Olympics and won the silver medal at the 1957 World Championships. Kilius was still a child when she was paired with Ningel, who was more than six years her senior. By 1957 she had grown to be taller than her partner, which caused problems on their lifts, so the team split up.
Meanwhile, in 1957, Kilius began skating with Hans-Jürgen Bäumler under the tutelage of Erich Zeller. Between 1958 and 1964, they won the German Championships four times, European Championships six times and the World Championships two times. Their first World title, in 1963, followed cancellation of the 1961 event due to the crash of Sabena Flight 548 and a collision during their performance at the 1962 World Figure Skating Championships that forced them to withdraw.
Kilius and Baumler also captured the silver medal at the Olympics twice, in 1960 and 1964. The skaters had signed professional contracts and skated as professionals with Holiday on Ice before the 1964 Olympics, a violation of their amateur status and strict IOC rules. In 1966, because the team had signed a professional skating contract before the 1964 Winter Olympics – against the rules at the time – they were stripped of the medal. As the New York Times reported, "prodded by two German members, the IOC "quietly re-awarded the West Germans their silver medals in 1987, 23 years after the Innsbruck Games, at an executive board meeting in Istanbul. The couple was deemed 'rehabilitated.'"
Kilius was voted the German female athlete of the year in 1959.
Pairs with Franz Ningel
Pairs with Hans-Jürgen Bäumler
- "Marika Kilius" (in German). Munzinger.de.
- "EISKUNSTLAUF: Sie schwimmen (siehe Titelbild)" [Figure skating]. Der Spiegel (in German). 24 February 1960.
- Champions of the World, Skating magazine, June 1963
- Evans, Hilary; Gjerde, Arild; Heijmans, Jeroen; Mallon, Bill; et al. "Marika Kilius". Olympics at Sports-Reference.com. Sports Reference LLC. Archived from the original on 17 April 2020.
- Schiller, Kay; Young, Chris (3 August 2010). The 1972 Munich Olympics and the Making of Modern Germany. google.com. ISBN 9780520947580.
- Lawrence, Kelli (10 January 2014). Skating on Air. google.com. ISBN 9780786485444.
- "Pair finally recognized as bronze medal skaters – 50 years after Olympic win". News-Record.com.
- Kestnbaum, Ellyn (2003). Culture on Ice: Figure Skating & Cultural Meaning. Wesleyan University Press. pp. 77–. ISBN 978-0-8195-6642-3.
- Wallechinsky, David; Loucky, Jaime (2009). The Complete Book of the Winter Olympics. google.com. ISBN 9781553655022.
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