|Mutua Madrid Open|
|Venue||Madrid Arena (2002–2008)|
Caja Mágica (since 2009)
|Surface||Hard – indoors (2002–2008) |
Clay – outdoors (since 2009)
|Current champions (2021)|
|Men's singles||Alexander Zverev|
|Women's singles||Aryna Sabalenka|
|Men's doubles|| Marcel Granollers |
|Women's doubles|| Barbora Krejčíková |
The Madrid Open (Spanish: Masters de Madrid), currently sponsored by Mutua Madrileña and known as the Mutua Madrid Open, is a joint men's and women's professional tennis tournament, held in Madrid, during early May. The clay-court event is classified as an ATP Tour Masters 1000 on the ATP Tour and a WTA 1000 event on the WTA Tour. In the past, it has also been known as the Madrid Masters. The tournament is traditionally played on a red clay surface. The event was played on blue courts in the 2012 tournament edition, with the ATP deciding against blue thereafter.
Ion Țiriac, a Romanian former Association of Tennis Professionals (ATP) professional and current billionaire businessman, has been the owner of the tournament since 2009. According to a Romanian publication which interviewed Țiriac in 2019, the tournament brings to the city of Madrid annual benefits exceeding €107 million.
From its inauguration as a men's only event in 2002, the tournament was classified as one of the ATP Masters Series tournaments, where it replaced the now-defunct Eurocard Open in Stuttgart. It was held from 2002 to 2008 in the Madrid Arena as the first of two Master's indoor hard court late-season events that preceded the ATP Tour Finals (also indoors). In 2009, the tournament was transformed, expanding to include a premier women's contest (replacing the tournament in Berlin) and shifting to an earlier period of the tennis season to become the second Master's tournament of the spring European clay-court swing (replacing the Hamburg Open) and moving outdoors to Park Manzanares, where a new complex with a retractable-roof equipped main court was constructed, the Caja Magica.
Țiriac announced in April 2019 that he has extended his sponsorship contract of the Mutua Madrid Open for 10 additional years, until 2031. Because he agreed to continue in Madrid, Țiriac will receive more than 30 million euros from the city of Madrid in the coming years. Feliciano López was announced as the Madrid tournament director, commencing 2019.
Starting in 2021, the tournament will expand to become a two week tournament.
Tiriac proposed and implemented in 2012 a new color of blue clay for all the courts' surfaces, motivating that it would supposedly be better visually, especially for viewers on television (analogous to some hardcourt surface events migrating to blue from various previous color schemes). Some speculated that the adaptation of blue colour was a nod to the titular sponsor of the tournament, the Spanish insurance giant Mutua Madrileña. This controversial change was subsequently granted and began to be used in the 2012 edition of the tournament. In 2009 one of the outer tennis courts had already been made of the new surface for the players to test it. Manuel Santana, the Open's director, had assured that aside from the colour, the surface kept the same properties as the traditional red clay.
On 1 December 2011, Țiriac confirmed that the blue clay surface was officially approved for the 2012 edition of the tournament, in both the ATP and WTA circuits.
However, after the event took place in 2012, threats of future boycotts from some players, especially Rafael Nadal and Novak Djokovic (who both lost on the blue surface), led the tournament to return to the traditional red clay for the 2013 season.
Roger Federer is the only male player to win the tournament on three different surfaces: hard courts (2006), red clay (2009), and blue clay (2012). Serena Williams is the only female player to win the tournament on two different surfaces: blue clay (2012) and red clay (2013).
|↓ Premier Mandatory tournament ↓|
|2009||Dinara Safina||Caroline Wozniacki||6–2, 6–4|
|2010||Aravane Rezaï||Venus Williams||6–2, 7–5|
|2011||Petra Kvitová||Victoria Azarenka||7–6(7–3), 6–4|
|2012||Serena Williams||Victoria Azarenka||6–1, 6–3|
|2013||Serena Williams (2)||Maria Sharapova||6–1, 6–4|
|2014||Maria Sharapova||Simona Halep||1–6, 6–2, 6–3|
|2015||Petra Kvitová (2)||Svetlana Kuznetsova||6–1, 6–2|
|2016||Simona Halep||Dominika Cibulková||6–2, 6–4|
|2017||Simona Halep (2)||Kristina Mladenovic||7–5, 6–7(5–7), 6–2|
|2018||Petra Kvitová (3)||Kiki Bertens||7–6(8–6), 4–6, 6–3|
|2019||Kiki Bertens||Simona Halep||6–4, 6–4|
|2020||Cancelled due to the COVID-19 pandemic in Spain|
|2021||Aryna Sabalenka||Ashleigh Barty||6–0, 3–6, 6–4|
|Men's Singles||Rafael Nadal||2005, 2010, 2013–14, 2017|
|Women's Singles||Petra Kvitová||2011, 2015, 2018|
|Men's Doubles|| Bob Bryan
|2006–07, 2010–11, 2013|
|Daniel Nestor||2002, 2004–05, 2009, 2014|
|Women's Doubles|| Sara Errani
|Men's Singles||Rafael Nadal||2005, 2009–11, 2013–15, 2017|
|Women's Singles||Simona Halep||2014, 2016–17, 2019|
|Most Consecutive Titles|
|Men's Singles||Rafael Nadal||2013–14|
|Men's Doubles|| Mark Knowles
| Bob Bryan
|Most Consecutive Finals|
|Men's Singles||Rafael Nadal||2009–11, 2013–15|
- Changed from indoor hard court to clay court, taking the place of the Hamburg Masters as a clay court Masters Series event.
- "Madrid's blue clay given red card by ATP". 11 May 2019.
- "Madrid Masters goes bling". tennisworldusa. 8 April 2011.
- "Ion Țiriac a încheiat o nouă super-afacere. Va semna un contract de peste 30 de milioane de euro" (in Romanian). Digi Sport. 9 April 2019.
- "El Ayuntamiento indemnizará al dueño del Mutua Madrid Open con medio millón de euros por la Copa Davis". ABC (in Spanish). 9 April 2019.
- "Feliciano Lopez is going to be Madrid's tournament director". Baseline.
- "Madrid Open expands to become a two-week tournament". Retrieved 27 November 2020.
- AS, Diario (29 November 2011). "El Mutua Madrid Open se jugará en una pista azul". as.com. Retrieved 28 March 2018.
- "Blue clay may be in play". Retrieved 17 October 2011.
- "Is blue the new red? Madrid's clay court revolution". Retrieved 1 December 2011.
- "Novak Djokovic and Rafael Nadal threaten to boycott Madrid Open if they don't change blue clay-court". 11 May 2012.