Madhya Pradesh Legislative Assembly
|15th Legislative Assembly of Madhya Pradesh|
Girish Gautam, BJP
since 22 February 2021
Leader of the House
|First past the post|
|28 November 2018|
|Vidhan Bhavan, Bhopal, Madhya Pradesh, India|
The seat of the Vidhan Sabha is at Bhopal, the capital of the state. It is housed in the Vidhan Bhavan, an imposing building located at the center of the Capital Complex in the Arera Hill locality of Bhopal city. The term of the Vidhan Sabha is five years unless dissolved earlier. Presently, it comprises 230 members who are directly elected from single-seat constituencies.
The history of the Madhya Pradesh legislature can be traced back to 1913, as the Central Provinces Legislative Council was formed on 8 November of this year. Later, the Government of India Act 1935 provided for the elected Central Provinces Legislative assembly. The first elections to the Central Provinces Legislative Assembly were held in 1937.
After Indian independence in 1947, the erstwhile province of Central Provinces and Berar, along with a number of princely states merged with the Indian Union, became a new state, Madhya Pradesh. The strength of the legislative assembly of this state was 184.
The present-day Madhya Pradesh state came into existence on 1 November 1956 following the reorganization of states. It was created by merging the erstwhile Madhya Pradesh (without the Marathi speaking areas, which were merged with Bombay state), Madhya Bharat, Vindhya Pradesh and Bhopal states. The strengths of the legislative assemblies of Madhya Bharat, Vindhya Pradesh, and Bhopal were 79, 48, and 23, respectively. On 1 November 1956, the legislative assemblies of all four erstwhile states were also merged to form the reorganized Madhya Pradesh Vidhan Sabha. The tenure of this first Vidhan Sabha was very short, and it was dissolved on 5 March 1957.
The first elections to the Madhya Pradesh Vidhan Sabha were held in 1957, and the second Vidhan Sabha was constituted on 1 April 1957. Initially, the strength of the Vidhan Sabha was 288, which was later enhanced to 321, including one nominated member. On 1 November 2000, a new state, Chhattisgarh, was carved out of Madhya Pradesh state. As a result, the strength of the Vidhan Sabha was reduced to 231, including a nominated member. The present house, the fifteenth Vidhan Sabha, was constituted in December 2018.
On 4 December 2017, Madhya Pradesh Assembly unanimously passed a Bill awarding death to those found guilty of raping girls aged 12 and below.
|Bharatiya Janata Party||126|
|Indian National Congress||95|
|Bahujan Samaj Party||1|
For results of Lok Sabha and Vidhan Sabha in Madhya Pradesh from 1951 to date, see: Elections in Madhya Pradesh.
List of MLAs
- "Madhya Pradesh Legislative Assembly". Legislative Bodies in India website. Retrieved 16 December 2009.
- Vidhan Bhavan, (ArchNet) Archived 8 February 2006 at the Wayback Machine
- "BJP MLA Rameshwar Sharma Appointed Pro tem Speaker Of Madhya Pradesh Assembly". NDTV.com. Retrieved 6 July 2020.
- "Rameshwar Sharma: BJP MLA Rameshwar Sharma appointed pro-tem speaker". The Times of India. 4 July 2020. Retrieved 6 July 2020.
- "MP: रामेश्वर शर्मा बने विधानसभा के प्रो-टेम स्पीकर". Navbharat Times (in Hindi). Retrieved 6 July 2020.