|Born||December 4, 1889|
San Jose, California, U.S.
|Died||November 15, 1955 (aged 65)|
Burbank, California, U.S.
|Resting place||Forest Lawn Memorial Park, Hollywood Hills, California|
|Alma mater||Santa Clara University|
|Occupation||Director, actor, screenwriter|
|Spouse(s)||Margaret Adele Lowdermilk|
Mary Rubey Cox
Lloyd Francis Bacon (December 4, 1889 – November 15, 1955) was an American screen, stage and vaudeville actor and film director. As a director he made films in virtually all genres, including westerns, musicals, comedies, gangster films, and crime dramas. He was one of the directors at Warner Bros. in the 1930s who helped give that studio its reputation for gritty, fast-paced "torn from the headlines" action films. And, in directing Warner Bros.' 42nd Street, he joined the movie's song-and-dance-number director, Busby Berkeley, in contributing to "an instant and enduring classic [that] transformed the musical genre."
Lloyd Bacon was born on December 4, 1889 in San Jose, California, the son of actor/playwright Frank Bacon - the co-author and star of the long-running Broadway show Lightnin' (1918) - and Jennie Weidman. Lloyd Bacon was not, contrary to some accounts, related to actor Irving Bacon, although he did direct him in a number of his films. Bacon attended Santa Clara University, and would later include highlights from the Bronco Football program in the end of his famous film, Knute Rockne, All American. When America entered the First World War in 1917, Bacon enlisted in the United States Navy and was assigned to the photographic department. Many of his later films as a director harked back fondly to his time in the Navy.
Bacon started in films as an actor with Charlie Chaplin and Broncho Billy Anderson and appeared in more than 40 total. As an actor, he is best known for supporting Chaplin in such films as 1915's The Tramp and The Champion and 1917's Easy Street.
He later became a director and directed over 100 films between 1920 and 1955. He is best known as director of such classics as 1933's 42nd Street and Footlight Parade, 1937's Ever Since Eve (from a screenplay by playwright Lawrence Riley et al.), 1938's A Slight Case of Murder with Edward G. Robinson, 1939's Invisible Stripes with George Raft and Humphrey Bogart, 1939's The Oklahoma Kid with James Cagney and Humphrey Bogart, 1940's Knute Rockne, All American with Pat O'Brien and Ronald Reagan (as "the Gipper"), 1943's Action in the North Atlantic with Humphrey Bogart, and 1944's The Fighting Sullivans with Anne Baxter and Thomas Mitchell. He also directed Wake Up and Dream (1946).
At the time of his death, he was survived by his ex-wives, son, Frank (1937–2009) and daughter, Betsey.
Partial filmography as actor
- The Champion (1915)
- A Jitney Elopement (1915)
- The Tramp (1915)
- The Bank (1915)
- The Floorwalker (1916)
- The Fireman (1916)
- The Vagabond (1916)
- Behind the Screen (1916)
- The Rink (1916)
- Easy Street (1917)
- Square Deal Sanderson (1919)
- Wagon Tracks (1919)
- The Blue Bonnet (1919)
- The House of Intrigue (1919)
- The Feud (1919)
- The Midlanders (1920)
- The Girl in the Rain (1920)
- The Broken Gate (1920)
- The Kentucky Colonel (1920)
- Hearts and Masks (1921)
- Smudge (1922)
Partial filmography as director
- Broken Hearts of Hollywood (1926)
- Private Izzy Murphy (1926)
- No Defense (1929)
- Kept Husbands (1931)
- 42nd Street (1933)
- Footlight Parade (1933)
- Mary Stevens, M.D. (1933)
- Son of a Sailor (1933)
- Cain and Mabel (1936)
- Ever Since Eve (1937)
- Marked Woman (1937)
- A Slight Case of Murder (1938)
- The Oklahoma Kid (1939)
- Brother Orchid (1940)
- Knute Rockne, All American (1940)
- Action in the North Atlantic (1943)
- The Fighting Sullivans (1944)
- Wake Up and Dream (1946)
- It Happens Every Spring (1949)
- Golden Girl (1951)
- The French Line (1954)
- Brent E. Walker, Mack Sennett's Fun Factory: A History and Filmography of His Studio and His Keystone and Mack Sennett Comedies, with Biographies of Players and Personnel, Bacon entry.
- "Lloyd Bacon Dies. Film Director, 65". New York Times. November 16, 1955.
- "42nd Street | film by Bacon ".
- Lloyd Bacon (1889-1955) Hollywood's Golden Age: 30 Years of Brilliance 1930-59. Retrieved September 21, 2021.
- Higham, Charles; Greenberg, Joel (1968). Hollywood in the Forties. London: A. Zwemmer Limited. p. 75. ISBN 0-302-00477-7.
- "Hollywood Walk of Fame - Lloyd Bacon". walkoffame.com. Hollywood Chamber of Commerce. Retrieved November 13, 2017.