This is a list of international sports federations, each of which serves as a non-governmental governing body for a given sport and administers its sport at a world level, most often crafting rules, promoting the sport to prospective spectators and fans, developing prospective players, and organizing world or continental championships. Some international sports federations like the International Swimming Federation and the International Skating Union may oversee multiple activities referred to in common parlance as separate sports: FINA, for example governs swimming, diving, synchronised swimming, and water polo as separate 'disciplines' within the single 'sport' of Aquatics.
International sports federations form an integral part of the Olympic and Paralympic movements. Each Olympic sport is represented by its respective international sport federation, which in turn help administer their respective events during the Games. For a sport to become an Olympic sport, its respective international sport federation must be recognized by the International Olympic Committee.
Likewise, an international sports federation must be recognized by the International Paralympic Committee for its sport to become a paralympic sport, though in the latter case, several Paralympic Sports are governed by a dedicated committee of the International Paralympic Committee itself, under the World Para branding, for example track and field athletics for disabled athletes is governed by the IPC itself, under the name World Para Athletics. Other Paralympic sports are governed within the structure of the able-bodied equivalent: for example, the UCI governs both able-bodied and paralympic cycling.
Federations recognized by the International Olympic Committee (IOC)
Association of Summer Olympic International Federations (ASOIF)
The following are recognised by the Association of Summer Olympic International Federations (ASOIF):
Association of International Olympic Winter Sports Federations (AIOWF)
The following are recognized by the Association of International Olympic Winter Sports Federations (AIOWF):
Sport Federation Biathlon International Biathlon Union (IBU) Bobsleigh and skeleton International Bobsleigh and Skeleton Federation (IBSF) Curling World Curling Federation (WCF) Ice hockey International Ice Hockey Federation (IIHF) Ice skating (including figure skating, speed skating, and Short-track speed skating) International Skating Union (ISU) Luge Fédération Internationale de Luge de Course (FIL) Skiing (including Alpine, Nordic combined, cross-country, freestyle, ski jumping, and snowboarding) Fédération Internationale de Ski (FIS)
Association of the IOC Recognised International Sports Federations (ARISF)
The following are recognised by the Association of the IOC Recognised International Sports Federations (ARISF):
Federations recognized by the International Paralympic Committee (IPC)
On 30 November 2016, the IPC adopted the "World Para" brand for all 10 of the sports that it directly governs.
- i At the time of the IPC's "World Para" rebranding, it changed the official name of the sport from "wheelchair dance sport" to "Para dance sport".
- ii At the time of the IPC's "World Para" rebranding, it changed the official name of the sport from "sledge hockey" to "Para ice hockey".
- iii At the time of the IPC's "World Para" rebranding, it changed the official name of the sport to "shooting Para sport".
Disability specific organizations
Sport Federation Paralympic sports for athletes with cerebral palsy Cerebral Palsy International Sports and Recreation Association (CPISRA) Football 7-a-side International Federation of Cerebral Palsy Football (IFCPF) Football 5-a-side International Blind Sports Federation (IBSA) Goalball International Blind Sports Federation (IBSA) Judo International Blind Sports Federation (IBSA) Wheelchair Fencing International Wheelchair and Amputee Sports Federation (IWAS) For athletes with an intellectual disability Inas
Global Association of International Sports Federations (GAISF)
Federations whose sports are either included into the Olympic Games (ASOIF, AIOWF) or recognized by the IOC (ARISF) are also members of the Global Association of International Sports Federations (GAISF), formerly known as SportAccord. Other members of GAISF (non-IOC recognized) compose the Alliance of Independent Recognized Members of Sport (AIMS).
Other than full members (composing ASOIF, AIOWF, ARISF and AIMS), there are Associate members of GAISF.
Other international sport federations
- i The sport was made by Indian man Dr. Sonu Sharma in 2012. For further reading: http://www.targetballindia.com/
- International Ball game Confederation (CIJB) (Confederation Internationale du Jeu de Balle)
- International Game Fish Association (IGFA)
- International Gay Bowling Organization (IGBO)
- International Pitch and Putt Association (IPPA)
- International Ringball Federation (IRBF)
- Association of International Olympic Winter Sports Federations (AIOWF)
- Association of IOC Recognised International Sports Federations (ARISF)
- Association of Summer Olympic International Federations (ASOIF)
- International Olympic Committee (IOC)
- International Paralympic Committee (IPC)
- International Beach Games Federation (IBGF)
- International Council of Traditional Sports and Games (ICTSG)
Notes and references
- "Olympic Sports". International Olympic Committee. Retrieved 13 March 2010.
- "Members". Association of the IOC Recognised International Sports Federations. Retrieved 23 April 2016.
- Recognised Sports of the International Olympic Committee International Olympic Committee official website. Retrieved 2 May 2008.
- International Federation for Chess. International Olympic Committee official website. Retrieved 2 May 2008.
- FIDE - Uniting the Chess World Archived 6 May 2008 at the Wayback Machine FIDE Official website. Retrieved 2 May 2008.
- Cricket edges closer to Olympic roster AFP. Retrieved on 13 February 2010.
- International Sports Federations, International Paralympic Committee (IPC)
- Contacts - International Sports Federations (IFs), International Paralympic Committee (IPC)
- "The IPC to rebrand the 10 sports it acts as International Federation for" (Press release). International Paralympic Committee. 30 November 2016. Retrieved 13 December 2016.
- PBWF/BWF gets IPC recognition, but Paralympics 2016 unfortunately without Parabadminton Archived 22 March 2012 at the Wayback Machine, Parabadminton World Federation (PBWF), 11 December 2010
- "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 22 February 2014. Retrieved 13 February 2014.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
- "World Inter-School Rope Skipping Organisation | About us". Retrieved 1 May 2020.
- "GlobalVX". GLOBALVX. Retrieved 21 August 2015.
- Cornelius, Steve; Cornelius, Danie. The Legal Status of International Sports Federations 2014 (1) Global Sports Law and Taxation Reports 6.