Baronetage of England (1611–1705)
King James I created the hereditary Order of Baronets in England on 22 May 1611, for the settlement of Ireland. He offered the dignity to 200 gentlemen of good birth, with a clear estate of £1,000 a year, on condition that each one should pay a sum equivalent to three years' pay to 30 soldiers at 8d per day per man (total – £1,095) into the King's Exchequer.
The Baronetage of England comprises all baronetcies created in the Kingdom of England before the Act of Union in 1707. In that year, the Baronetage of England and the Baronetage of Nova Scotia were replaced by the Baronetage of Great Britain.
The extant baronetcies are listed below in order of precedence (i.e. date). All other baronetcies, including extinct, dormant (D), unproven (U), under review (R) or forfeit, are on a separate list of baronetcies.
The baronetcy lists include any peerage titles which are held by the baronet.
To be recognised as a baronet, it is necessary to prove a claim of succession. When this has been done, the name is entered on The Official Roll. This was ordained by Royal Warrant in February 1910. Those who have not so proven are shown below as unproven or under review or dormant. A baronetcy is considered dormant if, five years after the death of the previous incumbent, no heir has come forward to claim it.
Baronets in the Baronetage of England
.* as of 17 July 2016 (heirs are known to exist)
Baronetage of Nova Scotia (1625–1706)
The Baronetage of Nova Scotia was devised in 1624 as a means of settling the plantation of that province (now a province of Canada). King James VI announced his intention of creating 100 baronets, each of whom was to support six colonists for two years (or pay 2000 merks in lieu thereof) and also to pay 1000 merks to Sir William Alexander, to whom the province had been granted by charter in 1621.
James died before this scheme could be implemented, but it was carried out by his son Charles I, who created the first Scottish baronet on 28 May 1625, covenanting in the creation charter that the baronets of Scotland or of Nova Scotia should never exceed 150, that their heirs apparent should be knighted on coming of age (21), and that no one should receive the honour who had not fulfilled the conditions, viz, paid 3000 merks (£166, 13s. 4d.) towards the plantation of the colony. Four years later (17 November 1629) the king wrote to the contractors for baronets, recognising that they had advanced large sums to Sir William Alexander for the plantation on the security of the payments to be made by future baronets, and empowering them to offer a further inducement to applicants; and on the same day he granted to all Nova Scotia baronets the right to wear about their necks, suspended by an orange tawny ribbon, a badge bearing an azure saltire with a crowned inescutcheon of the arms of Scotland and the motto Fax mentis honestae gloria (Glory is the torch that leads on the honourable mind). As the required number, however, could not be completed, Charles announced in 1633 that English and Irish gentlemen might receive the honour, and in 1634 they began to do so. Yet even so, he was only able to create a few more than 120 in all. In 1638 the creation ceased to carry with it the grant of lands in Nova Scotia, and on the union with England (1707) the Scottish creations ceased, English and Scotsmen alike receiving thenceforth Baronetcies of Great Britain.
To be recognised as a Baronet, it is necessary to prove a claim of succession. When this has been done, the name is entered on the Official Roll. This was ordained by Royal Warrant in 1910. Many baronets also hold peerage titles; these have been listed below. The baronetcies below are listed in order of precedence (i.e. date order). For a complete list of all baronetcies, see List of Baronetcies.
Baronets in the Baronetage of Nova Scotia
|138||Innes, now Innes-Ker of Innes||28 May 1625||Duke of Roxburghe|
|139||Macdonald of Sleat||14 July 1625||Chief of Clan Macdonald of Sleat|
|140||Colquhoun, now Grant of Grant||30 August 1625||Baron Strathspey|
|141||Graham of Braco||28 September 1625||Duke of Montrose|
|142||Forbes, now Stuart-Forbes of Pitsligo and Monymusk||30 March 1626||the baronetcy is shown as "Dormant" on the Official Roll of the Baronetage*|
|143||Johnston of Caskieben||31 March 1626|
|144||Moncreiff of Moncreiff and of Tulliebole||22 April 1626||Baron Moncreiff; the baronetcy is shown as "Dormant" on the Official Roll of the Baronetage*|
|145||Ogilvy of Inverquharity||29 September 1626|
|146||Mackay of Far||28 March 1627||Baron Reay|
|147||Maxwell of Calderwood||28 March 1627||Baron Farnham|
|148||Stuart, now Crichton-Stuart of Bute||28 March 1627||Marquess of Bute|
|149||Stewart of Corsewell||18 April 1627||Earl of Galloway; now also Stewart baronet, of Burray|
|150||Napier of Merchiston||2 May 1627|
|151||Makgill of Cranston Riddell||19 July 1627||Viscount of Oxfuird|
|152||Campbell of Lundy||13 December 1627||Duke of Argyll; the baronetcy is shown as "Dormant" on the Official Roll of the Baronetage*|
|153||Acheson of Glencairny||1 January 1628||Earl of Gosford|
|154||Innes of Balvenie||15 January 1628|
|155||Hope of Craighall||19 February 1628|
|156||Riddell of Riddell||14 May 1628|
|157||Murray of Blackbarony||15 May 1628|
|158||Murray, now Erskine-Murray of Elibank||16 May 1628||Lord Elibank|
|159||Forbes of Castle Forbes||29 September 1628||Earl of Granard|
|160||Bruce of Stenhouse||29 September 1628|
|161||Stewart, later Stuart of Castle Stewart||2 October 1628||Earl Castle Stewart|
|162||Campbell of Auchinbreck||23 December 1628|
|163||Nicolson of Lasswade||27 July 1629||the baronetcy is shown as "Vacant" on the Official Roll of the Baronetage*|
|164||Agnew of Lochnaw||28 July 1629|
|165||Forbes of Craigievar||20 April 1630||the baronetcy is shown as "Dormant" on the Official Roll of the Baronetage*|
|166||Murray of Dunerne||20 April 1630||the baronetcy is shown as "Dormant" on the Official Roll of the Baronetage*|
|167||Richardson, now Stewart-Richardson of Pencaitland||13 November 1630|
|168||Cuninghame, now Fairlie-Cuninghame of Robertland||25 November 1630|
|169||Wardlaw of Pitreavie||5 March 1631||the baronetcy is shown as "Dormant" on the Official Roll of the Baronetage*|
|170||Sinclair of Canisbay||2 June 1631||Earl of Caithness|
|171||Maclean of Morvaren (or Morvern)||3 September 1631|
|172||Bingham of Castlebar||7 June 1634||Earl of Lucan|
|173||Munro of Foulis||7 June 1634||Foulis-Obsdale since 1954. the baronetcy is shown as "Dormant" on the Official Roll of the Baronetage*|
|174||Pilkington, now Milborne-Swinnerton-Pilkington of Stanley||29 June 1635|
|175||Sinclair, now Sinclair-Lockhart of Murkle and Stevenston||18 June 1636|
|176||Curzon of Kedleston||18 June 1636||Viscount Scarsdale; the baronetcy is shown as "Dormant" on the Official Roll of the Baronetage*|
|177||Browne of The Neale||21 June 1636||Baron Kilmaine; the baronetcy is shown as "Vacant" on the Official Roll of the Baronetage*|
|178||Turing of Foveran||ca. 1638|
|179||Gordon of Haddo||13 August 1642||Marquess of Aberdeen and Temair|
|180||Hamilton of Silverton Hill||1646|
|181||Primrose of Carrington||1 August 1651||Earl of Rosebery|
|182||Carnegie of Pitarrow||20 February 1663||Duke of Fife|
|183||Seton of Abercorn||3 June 1663|
|184||Hay, now Dalrymple-Hay, of Park||25 August 1663|
|185||Dalrymple of Stair||2 June 1664||Earl of Stair|
|186||Dunbar, now Hope-Dunbar of Baldoon||13 October 1664|
|187||Malcolm of Balbedie and Innertiel||25 July 1665|
|188||Erskine, now St Clair-Erskine of Alva||30 April 1666||Earl of Rosslyn|
|189||Erskine of Cambo||20 August 1666||Earl of Kellie|
|190||Scott, now Napier of Thirlestane||22 August 1666||Lord Napier|
|191||Eliott of Stobs||3 December 1666||the baronetcy is shown as "Vacant" on the Official Roll of the Baronetage*|
|192||Stewart, now Shaw-Stewart of Blackhall and Greenock||27 March 1667|
|193||Don, now Don-Wauchope of Newton||7 June 1667|
|194||Campbell of Aberuchill||16 March 1668|
|195||Douglas of Kelhead||26 February 1668||Marquess of Queensberry|
|196||Barclay of Pierston||22 October 1668|
|197||Home of Blackadder||25 January 1671|
|198||Cockburn of Cockburn||24 May 1671||the baronetcy is shown as "Vacant" on the Official Roll of the Baronetage*|
|199||Cuninghame, now Montgomery-Cuninghame of Corsehill||26 February 1672|
|200||Jardine of Applegirth||25 May 1672|
|212||Murray of Ochtertyre||3 June 1673|
|213||Mackenzie of Coul||16 October 1673||Dormant; 12th Bt died 1990|
|214||Hamilton, now Stirling-Hamilton of Preston||5 November 1673|
|223||Clerk of Penicuik||24 March 1679|
|226||Maxwell of Monreith||8 January 1681|
|231||Maxwell, now Stirling-Maxwell of Pollock||12 April 1682||Confirmed by patent of 27 March 1707|
|233||Bannerman of Elsick||28 December 1682|
|234||Pringle of Stichell||5 January 1683|
|235||Heron-Maxwell of Springkell||7 December 1683|
|237||Seton of Pitmeddan||11 December 1683||Dormant; 11th Bt died 1993|
|239||Grierson of Lag||23 March 1685|
|240||Kirkpatrick of Closeburn||26 March 1685|
|241||Dalyell of Binns||7 November 1685|
|243||Broun of Colstoun||16 February 1686|
|244||Innes of Coxton||20 March 1686|
|247||Kinloch of Gilmerton||26 March 1685|
|249||Hall of Dunglass||8 October 1687|
|251||Grant of Dalvey||10 August 1688|
|255||Lauder of Fountainhall||25 January 1690|
|258||Dunbar of Mockrum||29 March 1694|
|259||Anstruther of Balcaskie||28 November 1694|
|261||Baird of Saughton Hall||28 February 1695|
|263||Dunbar of Durn||29 January 1698|
|264||Hope of Kirkliston||1 March 1698||Marquess of Linlithgow|
|Dalrymple of Cranstoun||28 April 1698||Earl of Stair|
|265||Hamilton-Dalrymple of Bargeny||29 April 1698|
|266||Anstruther of Anstruther||6 January 1700|
|268||Dunbar of Northfield||10 April 1700|
|269||Elliot of Minto||19 April 1700||Earl of Minto|
|270||Johnstone of Westerhall||25 April 1700|
|271||Elphinstone of Logie||2 December 1701|
|272||Cunynghame of Milncraig||3 February 1702|
|273||Grant-Suttie of Balgone||5 May 1702|
|274||Gibson-Craig-Carmichael of Keirhill||31 December 1702|
|275||Hay of Alderston||22 February 1703|
|276||Mackenzie of Scatwell||22 February 1703|
|277||Inglis of Glencorse||22 February 1703|
|279||Fergusson of Kilkerran||30 November 1703|
|Nairne of Dunsinnan||31 March 1704|
|282||Sinclair of Dunbeath||12 October 1704|
|287||Grant of Monymusk||7 December 1705|
|288||Gordon of Earlston||29 July 1706|
|Naesmyth of Dawyck and Posso||31 July 1706|
|289||Dunbar of Hempriggs||21 December 1706|
.* as of 25 July 2016 (heirs are known to exist)
Baronetage of Ireland (1619–1800)
This is a list of extant, dormant, unproven and under review baronetcies in the Baronetage of Ireland. They were first created in 1619, and were replaced by the Baronetage of the United Kingdom in 1800.
To be recognised as a Baronet, it is necessary to prove a claim of succession. When this has been done, the name is entered on The Official Roll. This was ordained by Royal Warrant in 1910. Those who have not so proven are shown below as unproven or under review or dormant. The baronetcies are listed in order of precedence (i.e. date order).
Baronets in the Baronetage of Ireland
Baronetage of Great Britain (1707–1800)
The below is a list of all extant, dormant, unrecognized, and under review baronetcies in the Baronetage of Great Britain, which replaced the Baronetages of Nova Scotia and of England in 1707. In 1801 it was succeeded by the Baronetage of the United Kingdom.
To be recognized as a Baronet, it is necessary to prove a claim of succession to one previously recognized. Once this has been done, the new Baronet's name is entered on the Official Roll, a procedure laid down by Royal Warrant in 1910. Those who have not proved their claim are shown below as unproven, under review, or dormant.
These baronetcies are listed in order of precedence, which is established by the date of the creation. For a complete list of baronetcies see List of baronetcies.
Baronets in the Baronetage of Great Britain
Baronetage of the United Kingdom (1801–present)
The Baronetage of the United Kingdom started with the formation of the United Kingdom in 1801, replacing the Baronetage of Great Britain. (For a complete list of baronetcies see List of Baronetcies – which includes extinct baronetcies.)
As ordained by the Royal Warrant in 1910, it is necessary to prove a claim of succession to be recognised as a Baronet and have a name entered on The Official Roll. Those who have not so proven are shown below as unproven, under review or dormant.
The baronetcies are listed below in order of precedence (date order). (For ease in editing, we have created a fresh table every 25 years.)
|1237||Lowson of Westlaws||27 June 1951|
|1238||Proby of Elton Hall||30 January 1952|
|1239||Ropner of Thorp Perrow||31 January 1952|
|1240||Grimston of Westbury||11 March 1952||Baron Grimston of Westbury|
|1241||Wakeley of Liss||30 June 1952|
|1242||Seager of St Mellons||1 July 1952||Dormant; 1st Bt died 1963|
|1243||Boyce of Badgeworth||24 November 1952|
|1244||Harris of Chepping Wycombe||24 January 1953|
|1245||McEwen of Marchmont and Bardrochat||28 January 1953|
|1246||Mills of Alcester||1 July 1953||Viscount Mills|
|1247||Williams of Cilgeraint||3 July 1953|
|1248||Bossom of Maidstone||4 July 1953|
|1249||Nall of Hoveringham||25 January 1954|
|1250||Bernard of Snakemoor||27 January 1954|
|1251||Mackeson of Hythe||29 January 1954|
|1252||Whitmore of Orsett||28 June 1954|
|1253||Brain of Reading||29 June 1954||Baron Brain|
|1254||Conant of Lyndon||30 June 1954|
|1255||Nelson of Hilcote Hall||11 July 1955||Baron Nelson of Stafford|
|1256||Cary of Withington||12 July 1955|
|1257||Howard of Great Rissington||1 December 1955|
|1258||Smyth of Teignmouth||23 January 1956|
|1259||Hutchison of Rossie||26 January 1956||Unproven; 2nd Bt died 1998|
|1260||Ponsonby of Wootton||27 January 1956|
|1261||Studholme of Perridge||3 July 1956|
|1262||Ackroyd of Dewsbury||8 May 1956|
|1263||Agnew, now Agnew-Somerville of Clendry||31 January 1957|
|1264||Henderson-Stewart of Cullumshill||28 March 1957|
|1265||Willink of Dingle Bank||20 July 1957|
|1266||Maclean of Strachur and Glensluain||22 July 1957|
|1267||Welch of Chard||16 December 1957|
|1268||Platt of Rusholme||29 January 1958||Dormant; 1st Bt died 1986|
|1269||Chapman of Cleadon||30 January 1958|
|1270||Dunnington-Jefferson of Thorganby Hall||7 July 1958|
|1271||Evans-Bevan of Cadoxton-juxta-Neath||9 July 1958|
|1272||Llewellyn of Baglan||20 January 1959||Dormant; 2nd Bt died 1994|
|1273||Pickthorn of Orford||31 January 1959|
|1274||Bibby of Tarporley||8 July 1959|
|1275||Oakshott of Bebington||10 July 1959|
|1276||Platt of Grindleford||14 September 1959|
|1277||Gillett of Bassishaw Ward, City of London||4 December 1959|
|1278||Ross of Whetstone||26 January 1960|
|1279||Nugent of Dunsfold||27 January 1960||Dormant; 1st Bt died 1994|
|1280||Kaberry of Adel cum Eccup||28 January 1960||Baron Kaberry of Adel (Life Peerage of 1st Bt)|
|1281||Storey of Settrington||30 January 1960|
|1282||Lloyd of Rhu||23 July 1960|
|1283||Barber of Greasley||25 July 1960|
|1284||Stewart of Strathgarry||17 August 1960|
|1285||Walker-Smith of Broxbourne||18 August 1960|
|1286||Stockdale of Hoddington||5 December 1960|
|1287||Erskine of Rerrick||5 July 1961|
|1288||Harrison of Bugbrooke||6 July 1961|
|1289||Waley-Cohen of Honeymead||11 December 1961|
|1290||Jephcott of East Portlemouth||14 February 1962|
|1291||Scott of Rotherfield||16 February 1962|
|1292||Lindsay of Dowhill||27 February 1962||Under review; 2nd Bt died 2004|
|1293||Wakefield of Kendal||10 March 1962|
|1294||Touche of Dorking||3 July 1962|
|1295||Porritt of Hampstead||25 January 1963|
|1296||Thompson of Reculver||28 January 1963|
|1297||Thompson of Walton-on-the-Hill||29 January 1963|
|1298||Errington of Ness||26 June 1963|
|1299||Orr-Ewing of Hendon||27 June 1963|
|1300||Perring of Frensham Manor||27 November 1963|
|1301||Mynors of Treago||24 January 1964|
|1302||Arbuthnot of Kittybrewster||26 February 1964|
|1303||Rodgers of Groombridge||29 June 1964|
|1304||Dudley-Williams of Exeter||2 July 1964|
|1305||Redmayne of Rushcliffe||29 December 1964|
|1306||Pearson of Gressingham||30 December 1964|
|1307||Finlay of Epping||31 December 1964|
|1308||Thatcher of Scotney||7 December 1990|
- "No. 28804". The London Gazette (Supplement). 20 February 1914. p. 1464.
- Encyclopædia Britannica Eleventh Edition article "BARONET" § 2
- Scotland. Sovereign (1625-1649: Charles I); William Alexander Earl of Stirling; Charles Rogers; Scotland. Sovereign (1567-1625: James VI) (1885). Rogers, Charles (ed.). The Earl of Stirling's Register of Royal Letters, Relative to the Affairs of Scotland and Nova Scotia from 1615 to 1635, Volume 1. private circulation. p. xxi.
The lands included in the baronies of New Scotland were resigned by Sir William Alexander into the hands of the king [Charles I], who re-granted them to the knights baronets. Thus the lands and titles were obtained directly from the sovereign. Infeftment, it was ruled, should be "expede" at the Castle of Edinburgh.
- Turnbull, William, ed. (1839). The Stirling Peerage. Trial of Alexander Humphrys or Alexander, Styling Himself Earl of Stirling. Edinburgh, Scotland: William Blackwood and Sons. pp. 1–2.
Before this charter was ratified by the Scots Parliament, his Majesty [James VI] died; when, in 1625, the grant was renewed by his successor [Charles I] in form of a Charter of Novodamus, proceeding upon the above narrative, and conceding, over and above, additional powers to Sir William Alexander. These charters are in the usual form of feudal conveyances employed by the law of Scotland, but erecting Nova Scotia into a Barony, and declaring sasine at the castle of Edinburgh to be equivalent to sasine on the lands themselves.
- "Origin of the Baronetage of Scotland and Nova Scotia". The Scottish Journal of Topography, Antiquities, Traditions, &c. &c. Edinburgh, Scotland: Thomas George Stevenson. I (8): 115. 23 October 1847.
As such like parties were not baronets of the colonising kind, and yet were desirous, no doubt, to take seisin of their purchased grants in Nova Scotia, old Sir William, always provident, had his remedy prepared. He had had it laid down in the formula of the charter, that "the realm of Nova Scotia, and original infeftment thereof, is holden of the kingdom of Scotland, and forms part of the County of Edinburgh." Argal, to take seisin and instruments of possession "on the Castle Hill of Edinburgh," formed a cure for every difficulty, and served the desired purpose as well as if the baronets had indulged in a trip to the actual site of their new possessions.
- "The Baronetage and the New Committee". The Genealogical Magazine. London, U.K.: Elliot Stock. 1: 523. January 1898.
The precept for the charter for each Baronet was granted in the name of Sir William Alexander, who surrendered to the Crown the respective portions of his Lordship of Nova Scotia to be attached to the Baronetcy with all rights of regality. The Baronets were allowed to take possession of their territory by deed of infeftment within the walls of Edinburgh Castle.
- Laing, David, ed. (1867). Royal Letters, Charters, and Tracts, Relating to the Colonization of New Scotland, and the Institution of the Order of Knight Baronets of Nova Scotia. 1621-1638. Edinburgh, Scotland: G. Robb. p. 126.
Had it been exacted ... that each Baronet, with a stated number of colonists, should take personal possession, it is certain the number of applicants would have been scanty indeed. To obviate this difficulty it was held, by a fiction of the law, that the usual legal form of taking possession by an instrument of seisin, or infeftment of lands on the other side of the Atlantic, should take place within the Castle of Edinburgh.
- Fraser, Alexander (1922). "Nova Scotia, The Royal Charter of 1621 to Sir William Alexander (address)". Transactions of the Royal Canadian Institute. Toronto, Canada: University of Toronto Press. XIV (1): 14–15, 45.
For the purpose of taking possession of his lands after the feudal fashion then prevailing, Nova Scotia was made a part of the county of Edinburgh, and at Edinburgh Castle the ceremony of Sasine was performed. … [excerpt of 1621 charter:] And we will, and grant, and, for ourselves and our successors, do decree and ordain, that one seisin, at this time, by the said Sir William, and his aforesaid, upon any part of the soil of the said lands and province above written, shall, in all time to come, stand, and be a sufficient seisin for the whole region, …
- Cooper, John A.; Mowat, J. Gordan (September 1905). "Canada and Edinburgh Castle". The Canadian Magazine. Toronto, Canada: Ontario Publishing Company, Limited. 25 (5): 480.
The colony was named New Scotland, and by a legal fiction, it was, for administrative purposes, connected with Edinburgh. In order to raise men to help found the colony, the King instituted the Order of Baronets of Nova Scotia. This hereditary title was given to gentlemen who arranged to send a certain number of men and to pay a certain amount of money to help to found the Plantation of New Scotland, …. The Order was instituted in 1625, the ceremony being held in the courtyard of Edinburgh Castle. By Royal Decree that place was declared to be an integral part of the new colony. This decree has never been annulled.
- McGrail, Thomas H. (1940). Sir William Alexander, First Earl of Stirling: A biographical study. Oliver & Boyd. p. 91.
To make this possible, since Nova Scotia was so distant, the King declared that sasine could be taken either in the new province or alternatively 'at the castle of Edinburgh as the most eminent and principal place of Scotland.'
- MacKay, Janet (November 1993). "Founding of New Scotland (Nova Scotia)". Fifty Plus. St. John’s, Newfoundland, Canada: Fifty Plus Outreach Association. 1.
Under Scots Law, Baronets "take sasine" by receiving symbolic "earth and stone" on the actual land. Part of Edinburgh Castle was deemed granted to Sir William as part of Nova Scotia. The Baronets were installed with "earth and stone" there while standing in Nova Scotia.
- Fraser, Marie. "Baronets of Nova Scotia". Retrieved 13 March 2016.
Baronets could receive their patents in Edinburgh rather than London, and an area of Edinburgh Castle was declared Nova Scotian territory for this purpose.
- succession to baronetcy at baronetage.org
- "Leigh (GB Baronet, 1773 - dormant c. 1870)". cracroftspeerage.co.uk. Retrieved 21 November 2015.
- Cockeyne, George Edward (c. 1983) [First ed. published c.1900]. The Complete Baronetage, volume V (1983 re-print Gloucester, U.K ed.). Gloucester, UK: Alan Sutton Publishing. p. 219.
- "The indifference that could end of one of Britain's oldest titles". Royal Central. 17 July 2014. Retrieved 28 January 2018.
- "Official Roll of the Baronets as of December 31, 2012". The Standing Council of the Baronetage. Archived from the original on 6 March 2015.
- "Official Roll of the Baronetage as at December 31st 2012". Standing Council of the Baronetage. Archived from the original on 6 March 2015.
- This article incorporates text from a publication now in the public domain: Chisholm, Hugh, ed. (1911). "Baronet". Encyclopædia Britannica (11th ed.). Cambridge University Press.
- Leigh Rayment's list of baronets