|Speaker of House of Representatives|
|Style||Mr. Speaker or Mr. President |
|Appointer||Vote within the House of Representatives|
|Inaugural holder||Chaophraya Thammasakmontri|
|Formation||28 June 1932|
The Speaker of the House of Representatives of Thailand (Thai: ประธานสภาผู้แทนราษฎร; RTGS: Prathan Sapha Phuthaen Ratsadon; IPA: [prà.tʰaːn sà.pʰaː pʰûː.tʰɛːn râ:t.sà.dɔːn]) is the presiding officer of the lower chamber of the National Assembly of Thailand. The Speaker of the House of Representatives is also the ex officio President of the National Assembly of Thailand. The Speaker of the House of Representatives is an MP, usually from the majority party in the House of Representatives. The Speaker or the President is elected at the beginning of a House session immediately after an election, there are no term limits for the office.
The office of the Speaker was first established in 1932, with the establishment of the first legislature of Thailand. The office of the President of the People's Assembly of Siam was first occupied by Chaophraya Thammasakmontri (Sanan Thephasadin na Ayutthaya).
The Speaker is entrusted with certain legislative powers, as it is his main role to ensure all the legislative process is followed. The Speaker is assisted by two Deputy Speakers. The Speaker must act impartially on all matters and therefore cannot be a member of an executive committee of a political party, this also apply to his deputies.
His duties include:
- Filling a vacancy of a Party list MP, by submitting a name on the list for publication in the Royal Gazette.
- Submitting to the King the name of the Prime Minister-elect to be formally appointed, then countersigning it.
- Countersigning the King's appointment of the Leader of the Opposition.
- Being an ex officio member of the Selection committee for:
List of speakers of the House of Representatives
|1||Chaophraya Thammasakmontri (Sanan Thephasadin na Ayutthaya)||28 June 1932||1 September 1932|
|2||Chaophraya Phichaiyat (Dan Bunnag)||2 September 1932||10 December 1932|
|(1)||Chaophraya Thammasakmontri||15 December 1932||26 February 1934|
|3||Phraya Sorayuthaseni (Krasae Prawahanawin Pravahanavin)||26 February 1934||22 September 1934|
|4||Chao Phraya Sridharmadhibes (Chit na Songkhla)||22 September 1934||22 July 1936|
|5||Phraya Manawaratsewi (Plod Wichien na Songkhla)||3 August 1936||24 June 1943|
|(3)||Phraya Sorayuthaseni||6 July 1943||24 June 1944|
|(4)||Phraya Manawaratsewi (Plod Wichien na Songkhla)||2 July 1944||3 June 1946|
|6||Kasem Boonsri||4 June 1946||10 May 1947|
|7||Pheng Srichan||13 May 1947||8 November 1947|
|8||Phraya Thammanithet (Pien Taitilanon)||1949||1951|
|9||Phra Prachonpachanuk (Phok Mahadilok)||1 December 1951||16 September 1957|
|10||Luang Sudhisararonakara (Sudhi Sukhavatee)||20 September 1957||14 December 1957|
|(9)||Phra Prachonpachanuk (Phok Mahadilok)||15 December 1957||20 October 1958|
|11||Siri Siriyothin||10 February 1969||14 November 1971|
|12||Prasit Kanchanawat||7 February 1975||12 January 1976|
|13||Uthai Pimchaichon||19 April 1976||6 October 1976|
|14||Boontheng Thongsawat||9 May 1979||19 March 1983|
|(13)||Uthai Pimchaichon||27 April 1983||1 May 1986|
|15||Chuan Leekpai||4 August 1986||29 April 1988|
|16||Panja Kesornthong||3 August 1998||23 February 1991|
|17||Arthit Ourairat||3 April 1992||30 June 1992|
|18||Marut Bunnag||22 September 1992||19 May 1995|
|19||Booneua Prasertsuwan||11 July 1995||27 September 1996|
|20||Wan Muhamad Noor Matha||24 November 1996||27 June 2000|
|21||Bhichai Rattakul||30 June 2000||9 November 2000|
|(13)||Uthai Pimchaichon||6 February 2001||5 January 2005|
|22||Phokin Polkul||6 January 2005||24 February 2006|
|23||Youngyut Tiyapairach||23 January 2008||30 April 2008|
|24||Chai Chidchob||15 May 2008||10 May 2011|
|25||Somsak Kiatsuranont||3 August 2011||9 December 2013|
|(15)||Chuan Leekpai||28 May 2019||Incumbent|
- Various editions of The Europa World Year Book
- "PRIME MINISTER, LEGISLATURE AND ELECTIONS IN THAILAND | Facts and Details".
- "Parliament opens after King's ceremony". Bangkok Post.
- "CONSTITUTION OF THE KINGDOM OF THAILAND 2017: THAI LAW translate into English".