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|President of the House of Councillors
|House of Councillors|
|Style||Madam President (informal)|
The Honourable (formal)
|Residence||The President's Official Residence (not in use)|
|Appointer||The House of Councillors|
|Term length||Thee years; renewable once|
|Constituting instrument||Constitution of Japan|
|Formation||May 20, 1947|
|Deputy||Vice President of the House of Councillors|
The President of the House of Councillors (参議院議長, San-gi-in Gichou) is the presiding officer of the House of Councillors of Japan, and together with the Speaker of the House of Representitives, the President is also the head of the legislative branch of Japan. The President is elected by members of the House at the start of each session, and can serve two three year terms, for a maximum of six years.
The current President of the House of Councillors is Akiko Santō, who took office on 1 August 2019.
The election of the President takes place on the day of the new session, under the moderation of the Secretary-General of the House. The President is elected by an anonymous vote, and must have at least half of the votes in order to take office. If no one gets over half of the votes, the top two candidates will be voted again, and if they get the same number of votes, the President is elected by a lottery. The Vice President is elected separately, in the same way.
Usually, the President is a senior member of the ruling party, and the Vice President is a senior member of the opposition party. The current President, Akiko Santō, is a member of the ruling Liberal Democratic Party, while the Vice President, Toshio Ogawa, is a member of the Constitutional Democratic Party of Japan.
Powers and Duties
According to Chapter III Article 19 of the Diet Law, the President "shall maintain order in the House, arrange its business, supervise its administration, and represent the House". The President is also authorized to maintain order in the House chambers by exercising police power. Upon the President's request, police personnel are sent by the National Police Agency, and are placed under the President's direction. The President may then order arrest or removal of a member of the House or a visitor.
According to Chapter XIV Chapter 116 of the Diet law, when a member of the House of Councillors acts in a disorderly manner, the President can warn them or make them withdraw their statement. If the member does not obey these orders, the President can forbid the member to speak or make the member leave the chamber until the end of the proceedings. If the chamber goes out of control and becomes over chaotic, the President may also temporarily suspend or adjourn the sitting for the day.
List of Presidents
|Name||Party||Entered office||Left office|
|Tsuneo Matsudaira||Ryokufūkai||May 20, 1947||November 14, 1949|
|Naotake Satō||Ryokufūkai||November 15, 1949||May 19, 1953|
|Yahachi Kawai||Ryokufūkai||May 19, 1953||April 3, 1956|
|Tsuruhei Matsuno||Ryokufūkai||April 3, 1956||August 6, 1962|
|Yūzō Shigemune||LDP||August 6, 1962||July 17, 1971|
|Kenzō Kōno||LDP (Ind.)||July 17, 1971||July 3, 1977|
|Ken Yasui||LDP||July 28, 1977||July 7, 1980|
|Masatoshi Tokunaga||LDP||July 17, 1980||July 9, 1983|
|Mutsuo Kimura||LDP||July 18, 1983||July 22, 1986|
|Masaaki Fujita||LDP||July 22, 1986||September 30, 1988|
|Yoshihiro Tsuchiya||LDP||September 30, 1988||October 4, 1991|
|Yūji Osada||LDP||October 4, 1991||July 9, 1992|
|Bunbē Hara||LDP||August 7, 1992||July 22, 1995|
|Jūrō Saitō||LDP||August 4, 1995||October 19, 2000|
|Yutaka Inoue||LDP||October 19, 2000||April 22, 2002|
|Hiroyuki Kurata||LDP||April 22, 2002||July 30, 2004|
|Chikage Ōgi||LDP||July 30, 2004||July 28, 2007|
|Satsuki Eda||DPJ||July 28, 2007||July 25, 2010|
|Takeo Nishioka||DPJ||July 30, 2010||November 5, 2011|
|Kenji Hirata||DPJ||November 14, 2011||July 28, 2013|
|Masaaki Yamazaki||LDP||August 2, 2013||July 25, 2016|
|Chuichi Date||LDP||August 1, 2016||July 28, 2019|
|Akiko Santō||LDP||August 1, 2019||Incumbent|