The county was created in 1621 for Otto, Count of Lippe-Brake, second son of Count Simon VI of Lippe who had passed away in 1613. Otto's elder brother Simon VII ruled Lippe-Detmold, while his younger brother Philip I, Count of Schaumburg-Lippe inherited Lippe-Alverdissen and founded the Schaumburg-Lippe branch following an inheritance in 1640.
Counts of Lippe-Brake (1613–1709)
- Otto, Count 1621-1657 (1589–1657)
To Lippe-Detmold in 1709.