A native of Vienna, Leo Moser immigrated with his parents to Canada at the age of three. He received his Bachelor of Science degree from the University of Manitoba in 1943, and a Master of Science from the University of Toronto in 1945. After two years of teaching he went to the University of North Carolina to complete a Ph.D., supervised by Alfred Brauer. There, in 1950, he began suffering recurrent heart problems. He took a position at Texas Technical College for one year, and joined the faculty of the University of Alberta in 1951, where he remained until his death at the age of 48.
In 1966, Moser posed the question "What is the region of smallest area which will accommodate every planar arc of length one?". Rephrased to consider the planar arc a "worm", this became known as Moser's worm problem and is still an open problem in discrete geometry.
- Lambek–Moser theorem
- Moser spindle
- Moser–de Bruijn sequence
- Moving sofa problem
- Moser's Circle Problem
- O'Connor, John J.; Robertson, Edmund F., "Leo Moser", MacTutor History of Mathematics archive, University of St Andrews
- Posthumous biographical appreciation, dated May 19, 1970, by mathematician Max Wyman, president of the University of Alberta from 1969 to 1974
- Comprehensive list of 88 papers, lectures and other works authored by Leo Moser
- April 1961 photograph of Leo Moser