|Established||3 October 1888|
Leeds, LS1 3AA
|Key holdings||20th-century British art|
|Website||Leeds Art Gallery|
Leeds Art Gallery in Leeds, West Yorkshire, England, is a gallery, part of the Leeds Museums & Galleries group, whose collection of 20th-century British Art was designated by the British government in 1997 as a collection "of national importance". Its collection also includes 19th-century and earlier art works. It is a grade II listed building owned and administered by Leeds City Council, linked on the West to Leeds Central Library and on the East via a bridge to the Henry Moore Institute with which it shares some sculptures. A Henry Moore sculpture, Reclining Woman: Elbow (1981), stands in front of the entrance. The entrance hall contains Leeds' oldest civic sculpture, a 1712 marble statue of Queen Anne.
In front of the gallery is Victoria Square, at the eastern end of which is the city's war memorial. This square is often used for rallies and demonstrations because of the speakers' dais provided by the raised entrance to the gallery.
The original concept of this gallery was initiated by an executive committee formed in 1876 for the purpose, by Leeds Fine Art Society. The original committee included its president, the Marquis of Ripon, Hon. Sec. John Joseph Willson, Rev. John Gott (vicar of Leeds, and son of Benjamin Gott), John Atkinson Grimshaw, and architect W.H. Thorp. The gallery was built between 1886–88 by W. H. Thorp, as an extension to the Municipal Buildings to the west (built 1878–84 by George Corson, now housing Leeds Central Library). It opened on 3 October 1888 as Leeds City Art Gallery and was paid for by public subscription, collected in honour of Queen Victoria's Golden Jubilee in 1887. It was opened by the Mayor, Alderman Scarr, with the artist Hubert von Herkomer in attendance. What is now the Tiled Hall Café was the sculpture gallery, having been modified from the Reading Room of the adjacent public library, to be illuminated by electric light. All other galleries were lit by daylight from rooflights. The new building had a central court of two storeys with a glass roof and a fountain of Burmatofts faience. (A floor was later put in to create additional space.)
In 1912, the Leeds Art Collections Fund (now known as the Leeds Art Fund) was formed to support the gallery's acquisitions. At its centenary exhibition in 2012, it displayed the 430 works it had helped to acquire for the city.
In 1982 it was modified, turning the entrance from the East side to the South, on the Headrow, with an extension for the sculpture collection. A further development was the conversion of three Victorian houses on Cookridge street to the Henry Moore Institute, which is now linked by a bridge to the gallery and contains the main sculpture collections. The new building was opened by Her Majesty the Queen on 26 November 1982.
A £1.5 million renovation was completed in June 2007, including opening up the magnificent Victorian Tiled Hall (used as a café and bookshop) which links the gallery and the library, and the former Queen's Gallery was named after local businessman and patron of the arts, Arnold Ziff. At first floor level there is direct access from the gallery to the Art Library. The gallery includes a ground floor lecture theatre named after Henry Moore which is used for a variety of events.
It closed again in January 2016 for extensive renovation, re-opening 13 October 2017. The renovation uncovered the glass roof in the Central Court Gallery, which had been covered by a false ceiling. An abstract wall painting by Lothar Götz was provided to brighten up the Victorian staircase.
Works on display in the galleries include :
"Ten key works"
The gallery's visitor leaflet suggesting "Ten key works" for a short visit lists the following items (listed here in date order):
- Retribution, Edward Armitage, 1858
- The Age of Bronze, Auguste Rodin, 1877 (cast 1906)
- The Valley of Shadows, Evelyn De Morgan, 1899
- Maternity, Jacob Epstein, 1910
- Praxitella, Percy Wyndham Lewis, 1921
- Reclining Figure, Henry Moore, 1929
- Painting, Francis Bacon, 1950
- Postcard Flag (Union Jack), Tony Cragg, 1981
- Maquette for Leeds Brick Man, Antony Gormley, 1986
- The Artist in her Studio, Paula Rego, 1993
Notes and references
- Dickinson, Colin (4 October 2014). "Visitors flocking to Leeds Museums and Galleries". news.leeds.gov.uk. Retrieved 27 July 2018.
- "Leeds Art Gallery Collections". museumsandgalleries.leeds.gov.uk/leeds-art-gallery/. Retrieved 1 July 2019.
- Historic England. "City Art Gallery and Henry Moore Centre (1255865)". National Heritage List for England. Retrieved 27 July 2018.
- Wrathmell, Susan; Minnis, John (2005). Leeds. Pevsner architectural guides. Yale U.P. pp. 74–79. ISBN 0-300-10736-6.
- Stevenson, Mark (6 October 2017). "Mark's History: Gott's Cross remembers remarkable Bramley man". West Leeds Dispatch. Retrieved 13 September 2019.
- "The Leeds Fine Art Gallery". Illustrated London News. page 487. 27 October 1888.CS1 maint: location (link)
- "Art of a bargain buy". Yorkshire Post. 26 March 2012. Retrieved 28 July 2018.
- "Architectural Design of the Institute". www.henry-moore.org. Retrieved 27 July 2018.
- "Art Gallery, Arnold and Marjorie Ziff Gallery". www.leodis.net. Leeds City Council. Retrieved 27 July 2018.
- "Leeds Art Gallery re-opens to the public today after almost two years being shut for essential repairs". Yorkshire Evening Post. 13 October 2017. Retrieved 27 July 2018.
- "Short of time? Try our half-hour guide to ten key works" (PDF). Leeds Art Gallery. Archived from the original (pdf) on 11 December 2009. Retrieved 10 December 2009.
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Leeds City Art Gallery.|
- Leeds Art Gallery website
- Historic England. "Details from listed building database (1255865)". National Heritage List for England.