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Laponia (Swedish: Lappland) was a historical Swedish province, or landscape, in the north of Sweden which evolved from Lappmarken. In 1809, Sweden ceded the eastern part, along with Finland, to the Russian Empire, which in effect created a Swedish Lapland and Finnish Lapland.
Today, the Swedish part serves no administrative purpose. On the Finnish side, there was a Province of Lapland (much larger to the south, especially by population, and where there were no Sami for many centuries) from 1938 until 2010, when Finnish provinces were discontinued, and the province was replaced by the Region of Lapland.
Lapland is considered in some nations — notably the United Kingdom, Ireland, Serbia, Sweden, Finland, Latvia, Romania and France — to be the home of Father Christmas.
The current population of Swedish Lapland plus the municipalities Enontekiö (Eanodat), Inari (Ánar), Utsjoki (Ohcejohka), Muonio (Muoná), Kittilä (Gihttel) and Sodankylä (Soad'egilli) in Finnish Lapland constitutes 125,151 individuals. The largest city is Kiruna (Giron) with 18,154 inhabitants.
Before being split, Laponia was divided into juridical districts which were:
- Arjeplog Lapland Court District
- Arvidsjaur Lapland Court District
- Enonteki Lapland Court District
- Gällivare Lapland Court District
- Jokkmokk Lapland Court District
- Jukkasjärvi Lapland Court District
- Lycksele Lapland Court District
- Norsjö and Malå Court District
- Åsele Lapland Court District
- See sourced data on the Wikipedia pages of these localities