Location within Papineau RCM
|Coordinates: Coordinates: |
|Constituted||January 1, 1881|
|• Mayor||Gaston A. Tremblay|
|• Federal riding||Argenteuil—Papineau—Mirabel|
|• Prov. riding||Papineau|
|• Total||121.90 km2 (47.07 sq mi)|
|• Land||97.48 km2 (37.64 sq mi)|
|• Density||9.7/km2 (25/sq mi)|
|• Pop 2011-2016||4.1%|
|Time zone||UTC−5 (EST)|
|• Summer (DST)||UTC−4 (EDT)|
|Highways|| Route 315 |
It is known for its sandy beaches on Lake Simon and provides services to vacationers and campers.
In 1845, the Métis Amable LeBlanc and his wife Marie-Louise Cimon, the niece of Basile Outik, chief of the Oka Indian tribe, went to settle on an island in the middle of a lake located 121 kilometres (75 mi) north-west of Oka. Eight families left with him to this region where hunting and fishing were very good. Three of these families were related to the parents of his wife and from then on, the residents of Oka, and later those of Montebello, called this lake "Lake Cimon", which became "Lake Simon". The largest island in the lake is now called White Duck Island (Île du Canard Blanc) in honour of Amable LeBlanc who was nicknamed "White Duck" in reference to his slightly lighter skin colour as compared to his native relatives.
Starting in 1852, Franco-Catholic colonists began to settle at the lake, working as log drivers, loggers, or farmers. In 1857, a mission was established. In 1864, Hartwell Township is formed (named after a place in central Buckinghamshire, England), followed a few years later by the United Township Municipality of Hartwell-et-Suffolk. In 1880, the mission attained the status of parish under the name of Saint-Felix-de-Valois.
In 1881, Hartwell-et-Suffolk separated and formed the Township Municipality of Hartwell and the Township Municipality of Suffolk. In 1893, Hartwell was merged with Preston Township, becoming the United Township Municipality of Hartwell-et-Preston.
In 1936, the united townships were separated again and formed the Township Municipality of Hartwell and the Municipality of Duhamel. In 1958, Hartwell became the Parish Municipality of Chénéville and finally became the Municipality of Lac-Simon in 1965.
Lac-Simon's development as a resort area began in the 1950s, and accelerated when the provincial government acquired sites bordering the lake and opened a campground. Today, Lac-Simon is a popular year-round vacation resort.
|Canada census – Lac-Simon, Outaouais, Quebec community profile|
|Population:||944 (-4.1% from 2011)||984 (13.2% from 2006)|
|Land area:||97.48 km2 (37.64 sq mi)||97.37 km2 (37.59 sq mi)|
|Population density:||9.7/km2 (25/sq mi)||10.1/km2 (26/sq mi)|
|Median age:||59.6 (M: 60.4, F: 58.8)||57.5 (M: 58.0, F: 56.9)|
|Total private dwellings:||1,373||1,145|
|Median household income:||$57,088|
|References: 2016 2011 earlier|
- English as first language: 3.7%
- French as first language: 94.7%
- English and French as first language: 0%
- Other as first language: 1.6%
- Reference number 33359 of the Commission de toponymie du Québec (in French)
- Geographic code 80095 in the official Répertoire des municipalités (in French)
- "(Code 2480095) Census Profile". 2016 census. Statistics Canada. 2017.
- "Lac Simon (lake)" (in French). Commission de toponymie du Québec. Retrieved 2008-12-02.
- "Centre touristique du Lac-Simon, History". La Sépaq. Retrieved 2008-12-04.
- "Hartwell (Canton)" (in French). Commission de toponymie du Québec. Retrieved 2008-12-03.
- "2016 Community Profiles". 2016 Canadian Census. Statistics Canada. February 21, 2017. Retrieved 2019-12-20.
- "2011 Community Profiles". 2011 Canadian Census. Statistics Canada. July 5, 2013. Retrieved 2019-12-20.
- "2001 Community Profiles". 2001 Canadian Census. Statistics Canada. February 17, 2012.
Media related to Lac-Simon, Outaouais, Quebec at Wikimedia Commons