|King Solomon's Mines|
|Directed by||Robert Stevenson (lead)|
Geoffrey Barkas (African exteriors)
|Screenplay by||Michael Hogan|
Roland Pertwee (dialogue)
Charles Bennett (uncredited)
A. R. Rawlinson (uncredited)
Ralph Spence (uncredited)
|Based on||King Solomon's Mines|
by H. Rider Haggard
|Music by||Mischa Spoliansky|
|Edited by||Michael Gordon|
|Distributed by||General Film Distributors|
|17 June 1937 (UK)|
26 July 1937 (US)
King Solomon's Mines is a 1937 British adventure film directed by Robert Stevenson and starring Paul Robeson, Cedric Hardwicke, Anna Lee, John Loder and Roland Young. The first of five film adaptations of the 1885 novel of the same name by Henry Rider Haggard, the film was produced by the Gaumont British Picture Corporation at Lime Grove Studios in Shepherd's Bush. Sets were designed by art director Alfred Junge. Although versions of King Solomon's Mines were released in 1950 and 1985, this film is considered to be the most faithful to the book.
In 1882, Irish dream chaser Patrick "Patsy" O'Brien (Arthur Sinclair) and his daughter Kathy (Anna Lee) have failed to strike it rich in the diamond mines of Kimberley, South Africa (then the Cape Colony). They persuade a reluctant Allan Quatermain (Cedric Hardwicke) to give them a lift to the coast in his wagon.
Along the way, they encounter another wagon carrying two men in bad shape. Umbopa (Paul Robeson) recovers, but Silvestra Getto (Arthur Goullet) dies after boasting to Quartermain that he has found the way to the fabled mines of Solomon. Patsy finds the dead man's map and sneaks off during the night, unwilling to risk his daughter's life. Kathy is unable to persuade Quatermain to follow him; instead, they rendezvous with Quartermain's new clients, Sir Henry Curtis (John Loder) and retired navy Commander Good (Roland Young), out for a bit of big game hunting.
Kathy steals Quartermain's wagon to go after her father. When they catch up with her, she refuses to go back with them, so they and Umbopa accompany her across the desert and over the mountains, as shown on the map. During the arduous trek, Curtis and Kathy fall in love. On the other side of the mountains, they are surrounded by unfriendly natives and taken to the kraal of their chief, Twala (Robert Adams), to be questioned. Twala takes them to see the entrance of the mines, guarded by the feared witch doctor Gagool (an uncredited Sydney Fairbrother).
That night, Umbopa reveals that he is the son of the former chief, who was treacherously killed by the usurper Twala. He meets with dissidents, led by Infadoos (Ecce Homo Toto), who are fed up with Twala's cruel reign. Together, they plot an uprising for the next day, during the ceremony of the "smelling out of the evildoers". However, Umbopa needs Quartermain to come up with something that will counter (in the natives' minds) the magic of Gagool.
During the rite, Gagool chooses several natives, who are killed on the spot. Recalling making a bet on last year's Derby Day, Good notices in his diary that there will be a total solar eclipse that day at exactly 11:15 A.M. The quick-thinking Quartermain predicts it as Gagool approaches Umbopa. Umbopa reveals his true identity to the people during the height of the eclipse and the rebellion erupts. Both sides gather their forces; during the ensuing battle, Curtis kills Twala, ending the civil war.
In the fighting, Kathy slips away to the mine to look for her father. She finds him inside, immobilised by a broken leg, but clutching a pouch full of diamonds. Quartermain, Curtis and Good follow her, but Gagool sets off a rockfall to seal them in. Umbopa pursues Gagool back into the mine, where the witch doctor is crushed by falling rocks. The new chief manages to free his friends and gives them an escort to help them cross the desert.
- Paul Robeson as Umbopa
- Cedric Hardwicke as Allan Quartermain (not Quatermain, as in the novel)
- Roland Young as Commander John Good
- John Loder as Sir Henry Curtis
- Anna Lee as Kathy O'Brien
- Arthur Sinclair as Patsy O'Brien
- Robert Adams as Twala
- Arthur Goullet as Sylvestra Getto
- Ecce Homo Toto as Infadoos
- Makubalo Hlubi as Kapse
- Mjujwa as Scragga
- Sydney Fairbrother as Gagool (uncredited)
- Frederick Leister as Diamond Buyer (uncredited)
Charles Bennett is credited as one of the writers, however he claimed that he "didn't really" contribute to the screenplay. He said he was opposed to the idea of a woman going along on the trip ("it was a damn silly idea") and took himself off the project.
Filming started at Shepherd's Bush studio in London in November 1936, after which the unit travelled to Africa for a further eight weeks of work.
Writing for Night and Day in 1937, Graham Greene gave the film a neutral review, summarizing it as "a 'seeable' picture". Greene praised the acting of Hardwicke and Young as well as the clever dovetailing of scenes from Geoffrey Barkas' documentary, however he complained of the acting of Loder and Robeson and yearned nostalgically for Lucoque's 1919 black and white version which was more faithful to Haggard's original 1885 book.
- "THEATRE and SCREEN". The Age (25, 022). Victoria, Australia. 26 June 1935. p. 13. Retrieved 4 December 2017 – via National Library of Australia.
- "Through "Smith's" Private Projector". Smith's Weekly. XVII (30). New South Wales, Australia. 21 September 1935. p. 23. Retrieved 4 December 2017 – via National Library of Australia.
- Tom Weaver Double Feature Creature Attack: A Monster Merger of Two More Volumes of Classic Interviews McFarland, 2003 p 30
- "Features Of The Latest Shows". Weekly Times (3592). Victoria, Australia. 1 August 1936. p. 51 (FIRST EDITION). Retrieved 4 December 2017 – via National Library of Australia.
- "Stage and Screen Personalities". The Sydney Morning Herald (30, 838). New South Wales, Australia. 3 November 1936. p. 9 (Women's Supplement). Retrieved 4 December 2017 – via National Library of Australia.
- Greene, Graham (12 August 1937). "A Day at the Races/King Solomon's Mines". Night and Day. (reprinted in: Taylor, John Russell, ed. (1980). The Pleasure Dome. Oxford University Press. p. 161. ISBN 0192812866.)