The Lord Maginnis of Drumglass
|Member of the House of Lords|
|Assumed office |
20 July 2001
|Member of Parliament |
for Fermanagh and South Tyrone
9 June 1983 – 14 May 2001
|Preceded by||Owen Carron|
|Succeeded by||Michelle Gildernew|
|Born||21 January 1938|
Dungannon, Northern Ireland
|Political party||Independent Ulster Unionist|
|Ulster Unionist Party (until 2012)|
|Alma mater||Royal School Dungannon|
Kenneth Wiggins Maginnis, Baron Maginnis of Drumglass (born 21 January 1938), is a Northern Irish politician and life peer. Since December 2020, he has been suspended from the House of Lords, where he formerly sat for the Ulster Unionist Party (UUP). He was the Ulster Unionist Party Member of Parliament (MP) for Fermanagh and South Tyrone from 1983 to 2001.
Maginnis was educated at Royal School Dungannon and at Stranmillis College. He worked as a teacher for a number of years before joining the Ulster Defence Regiment (UDR) in 1971. After leaving the British Army with the rank of major in 1981, he became the Ulster Unionist Party (UUP) spokesman on internal security and defence, and was that same year elected to Dungannon District Council, on which he sat for twelve years until losing his seat in 1993.
August 1981 by-election in Fermanagh and South Tyrone
Maginnis was the Ulster Unionist candidate for Fermanagh and South Tyrone in the second by-election in 1981, coming second. This by-election was caused by the death of sitting MP Bobby Sands on hunger strike. As a result of changes to the electoral law with the passing of the Representation of the People Act 1981, another hunger striker could not be nominated. Instead Owen Carron, who had served as Sands' election agent in the earlier election, was nominated and elected as a "Anti-H-Block Proxy Political Prisoner".
Member of Parliament
The following year, he was elected to the failed Northern Ireland Assembly, as a representative for the Fermanagh and South Tyrone constituency. At the 1983 general election he was elected to the House of Commons as the Member of Parliament for the constituency of the same name, defeating Carron who was defending the seat as a Sinn Fein candidate. Two years later, along with the rest of his Unionist colleagues, he resigned his seat in protest at the Anglo-Irish Agreement, but was re-elected in the subsequent by-election. He continued his protest by refusing to pay his car tax, for which he was sentenced to seven days' imprisonment in 1987.
He renewed his membership of Dungannon and South Tyrone Borough Council in 2001 when he was elected for Dungannon Town. However, in 2005 he chose to move to the neighbouring Clogher Valley electoral area in an attempt to boost the UUP vote. This strategy backfired and he again lost his seat.
House of Lords
He stood down as an MP at the 2001 general election, and on 20 July of that year was created a life peer taking the title Baron Maginnis of Drumglass, of Carnteel in the County of Tyrone, and took his seat in the House of Lords, sitting initially with the UUP. On 7 December 2020, the House of Lords banned Maginnnis from the precincts of Parliament for a minimum of 18 months amid accusations of bullying.
Maginnis was perceived to be on the more social liberal wing of the UUP along with Lady Hermon. He is one of only three MPs in the Ulster Unionist Party's history not to have been a member of the Orange Order (the other two being Enoch Powell and Lady Hermon), although he was a member of the Apprentice Boys of Derry.
In June 2012, on BBC Northern Ireland's The Stephen Nolan Show, Maginnis stated he was opposed to gay marriage because it was "unnatural" and he did not believe society should "have imposed on it something that is unnatural". He said: "Does that mean that every deviant practice has to be accommodated? Will the next thing be that we legislate for some sort of bestiality?" The comments prompted the Ulster Unionist Party leader, Mike Nesbitt, to state that Maginnis expressed his views in a personal capacity and did not reflect party policy. Maginnis's remarks were condemned by gay rights groups. That same month, at the behest of Nesbitt, he suffered the withdrawal of the UUP party whip over his comments; Maginnis subsequently resigned from the UUP on 28 August 2012.[dead link]
In 2016, Maginnis received a heavy fine after refusing to pay a small fine for having the wrong ticket for a train journey between Gatwick Airport and London.
In December 2020, the House of Lords Conduct Committee recommended that Maginnis be suspended from the House of Lords for at least 18 months for breaching the Code of Conduct in relation to behaviour that constituted bullying and harassment against four complainants, including homophobic remarks directed at SNP MP Hannah Bardell and Shadow Environment Secretary Luke Pollard. As well as being overheard saying "I am not going to be bullied by queers", he sent an email to James Gray (who is not gay), chair of the All-Party Parliamentary Group for the Armed Forces, with the subject "Discrimination by Homos".
- "Ken Maginnis banned from Lords for 18 months over bullying claims". BBC News. 7 December 2020. Retrieved 7 December 2020.
- "No. 56285". The London Gazette. 25 July 2001. p. 8777.
- "House of Lords votes to suspend Lord Maginnis for 18 months". www.irishtimes.com. Retrieved 7 December 2020.
- Dudley Edwards R, The Faithful Tribe, (London, 1999) page 3
- "Party distances itself from Maginnis gay marriage remarks" BBC News 13 June 2012. Retrieved 14 June 2012
- Maginnis quits UUP, tells Nesbitt to resign, The Newsletter, 28 August 2012
- Syal, Rajeev (3 December 2020). "Lord Maginnis faces 18-month suspension for homophobic bullying". The Guardian. Retrieved 3 December 2020.
- "Lord Maginnis guilty of road rage". BBC News Online. 19 August 2013.
- Hope, Christopher (16 December 2016). "Peer faces £5,000 bill and 45 days in jail in dispute over 80p rail fare". The Telegraph – via www.telegraph.co.uk.
- "The conduct of Lord Maginnis of Drumglass". House of Lords Conduct Committee. 3 December 2020.
- Hansard 1803–2005: contributions in Parliament by Ken Maginnis