This article needs additional citations for verification. (October 2018)
|Subdivisions||Districts: 5, Municipalities: 17|
|• Governor||Keizō Hamada|
|• Total||1,876.80 km2 (724.64 sq mi)|
(September 1, 2020)
|• Density||510/km2 (1,300/sq mi)|
|ISO 3166 code||JP-37|
|Bird||Lesser cuckoo (Cuculus poliocephalus)|
|Flower||Olive (Olea europaea)|
|Tree||Olive (Olea europaea)|
Kagawa Prefecture (香川県, Kagawa-ken) is a prefecture of Japan located on the island of Shikoku. Kagawa Prefecture has a population of 949,358 (as of 2020) and is the smallest prefecture by geographic area at 1,877 square kilometres (725 sq mi). Kagawa Prefecture borders Ehime Prefecture to the southwest and Tokushima Prefecture to the south.
Takamatsu is the capital and largest city of Kagawa Prefecture, with other major cities including Marugame, Mitoyo, and Kan'onji. Kagawa Prefecture is located on the Seto Inland Sea across from Okayama Prefecture on the island of Honshu, which is connected by the Great Seto Bridge. Kagawa Prefecture includes Shōdoshima, the second-largest island in the Seto Inland Sea, and the prefecture's southern land border with Tokushima Prefecture is formed by the Sanuki Mountains.
Battle of Yashima
Kagawa comprises the northeast corner of Shikoku, bordering Ehime Prefecture on the west and Tokushima Prefecture on the south, with a coastline on the Seto Inland Sea facing Okayama Prefecture and the Kansai. The Sanuki Mountains run along the southern border.
Kagawa is currently the smallest prefecture, by area, in Japan. Kagawa is a relatively narrow prefecture located between the mountains of Shikoku and the sea.
Eight cities are located in Kagawa Prefecture:
|Place name||Area (km2)||Population (2020)||Map|
|Place name||Area (km2)||Population (2020)||District||Map|
Kagawa has a nominal GDP of approximately 3,802 billion yen. Kagawa's major export industries, in order of export value, include: transportation equipment, electrical equipment, chemical products, general machinery, mineral fuels, manufactured goods, raw materials, and foodstuff.
Aside from udon, Kagawa is also famous for "hone-tsuki-dori", seasoned chicken thigh cooked on the bone. Originating from Marugame City, the dish has now become a popular dish in izakaya restaurants across the country.
Olives and olive-related products have also come to be recognized as Kagawa foods. As the first place in Japan to successfully cultivate olives, Kagawa has been producing olive-related products since 1908. As well as winning both domestic and international awards for the quality of its olive oil, Kagawa has also created two offshoot food brands from its olive industry - "olive beef" and "olive yellowtail". Waste organic matter from olive pressing is used as feed for cattle and the Yellowtail Amberjack. Due to the high amount of polyphenol in the olive waste, the flesh of the respective meats does not oxidize or lose color easily.
Other local specialties include wasanbon sugar sweets, sōmen noodles and shōyu soy sauce. Rare sugar researches are thriving and have discovered mass production culture enzymes. D-tagatose 3-epimerase is an enzyme that catalyzes the reversible epimerization reaction of the 3rd carbon of ketose.
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- Kagawa University in Takamatsu
- Kagawa Prefectural College of Health Sciences
- Shikoku Gakuin University in Zentsuji
- Takamatsu University
- Tokushima Bunri University in Sanuki
The sports teams listed below are based in Kagawa.
- Kagawa Ice Fellows (see Japan Ice Hockey Federation)
- Marugame Castle
- Marugame Genichiro-Inokuma Museum of Contemporary Art
- Naoshima Island
- Ando Museum
- Benesse House
- Chichu Art Museum
- Lee Ufan Museum
- Setonaikai National Park
- Shikoku Pilgrimage – Zentsū-ji, Motoyama-ji, Yashima-ji, etc.
- Kankakei Gorge
- Shodoshima Olive Park
- Teshima Island
- Shima Kitchen
- Teshima Art Museum
Based on its ancient name, Sanuki, Kagawa is famous for its Sanuki udon (wheat noodles). Recent years have seen an interest in Sanuki udon across Japan, and many Japanese now take day-trips to taste the many Sanuki udon restaurants in Kagawa.
- JR Shikoku
- Kotoden (Takamatsu Kotohira Electric Railroad)
- Kotohira Line
- Shido Line
- Nagao Line
Departure from Takamatsu
- Tokyo Station
- Shinjuku of Tokyo
- Tokyo Disneyland
- Kyoto Station
- Kansai Int'l Airport
- Route 11 (Tokushima-Takamatsu-Marugame-Niihama-Maysuyama)
- Route 30
- Route 32 (Takamatsu-Kotohira-Kochi)
- Route 193
- Route 318
- Route 319
- Route 377
- Route 436
- Route 438
- Port of Takamatsu – Ferry route to Uno, Tonoshō (Shōdoshima Island), Kobe, Naoshima
- Port of Marugame
- Port of Tadotsu
- Port of Tonoshō – Ferry route to Okayama, Himeji, Kobe and Osaka.
In popular culture
The novel Battle Royale by Koushun Takami was set in the fictional town of Shiroiwa ('Castle Rock') in Kagawa Prefecture. Okishima, the fictional island on which much of the novel takes place is placed in the Seto Inland Sea. The manga also places Shiroiwa in Kagawa Prefecture, while the film moves Shiroiwa to Kanagawa Prefecture.
In the asymmetrical horror video game, Dead by Daylight, The Spirit, also known as Rin Yamaoka, lives here.
Tonosho Town is the setting of the manga and anime Karakai Jōzu no Takagi-san (Teasing Master Takagi-san). Native creator Sōichirō Yamamoto was also raised in Tonosho Town.
- Estimate. Part of boundary between Okayama and Kagawa is undefined.
- "全国都道府県市区町村別面積調 (10月1日時点) [Areas of prefectures, cities, towns and villages (October 1)]" (PDF). Geospatial Information Authority of Japan. Ministry of Land, Infrastructure, Transport, and Tourism. October 1, 2020. p. 66. Retrieved March 18, 2021.
- "香川県推計人口及び人口移動（令和2年9月1日現在推計）". 香川県 (Kagawa Prefecture). Kagawa Prefectural Government. September 1, 2020. Retrieved February 17, 2021.
- Nussbaum, Louis-Frédéric. (2005). "Kagawa prefecture" in Japan Encyclopedia, p. 446, p. 446, at Google Books
- Nussbaum, "Takamatsu" at p. 934, p. 934, at Google Books.
- Nussbaum, "Provinces and prefectures" at p. 780, p. 780, at Google Books.
- Ikatachōshi Editing Committee, ed. (March 31, 1987). Ikatachōshi 伊方町誌 [Ikata Town History] (in Japanese). Town of Ikata, printed by DAI-ICHI HOKI Publishing.
- "General overview of area figures for Natural Parks by prefecture" (PDF). Ministry of the Environment. Retrieved August 19, 2012.
- "「『平成の合併』について」の公表 [Heisei era mergers]" (PDF). Ministry of Internal Affairs and Communications. March 5, 2010. Retrieved March 25, 2021.
- "香川県の郵便番号 ("Postal Codes of Kagawa Prefecture)". Japan Post. Retrieved March 15, 2021.
- "Kagawa Regional Information - Investing In..." Japan External Trade Organization. Retrieved September 21, 2021.
- 日 本 貿 易 振 興 機 構 （ J E T R O ）; 香 川 貿 易 情 報 セ ン タ ー (March 2020). "香川県貿易実態調査 2020 年（令和 2 年）3 月" (PDF). 香川県貿易実態調査: 155.
- "Kagawa 香川". Zipango. 2017.
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Kagawa prefecture.|
- Kagawa Prefecture English homepage
- (in Japanese) Official Kagawa Prefecture Japanese homepage
- National Archives of Japan ... Kagawa map (1891)[permanent dead link]
- Notes from Shikoku in English