|Chilean wine palm|
Jubaea is a genus of palms with one species, Jubaea chilensis or Jubaea spectabilis, commonly known in English as the Chilean wine palm or Chile cocopalm, and palma chilena in Spanish. It is native to southwestern South America and is endemic to a small area of central Chile between 32°S and 35°S in southern Coquimbo, Valparaíso, Santiago, O'Higgins, and northern Maule regions.
The thickest well-documented Jubaea was on the estate of J. Harrison Wright in Riverside, California. Its diameter "at shoulder height" was 66 inches (1.7 m). The largest of several specimens at the Adelaide (South Australia) Botanic Garden in 1889 was stated to be 6 feet (1.8 m) thick at the base. A hollow (but living) Jubaea in the Ocoa Valley near La Campana National Park, Chile is 6 to 7 feet (1.8 to 2.1 m) thick at its base, with no apparent taper in the lower trunk. The largest individual specimen of indoor plant in the world was the Jubaea chilensis at Kew Gardens, which was cut off by staff in 2014 because it grew to the top of its greenhouse. Of the more than 2,600 known species of palms, Jubaea chilensis is the second most massive, exceeded only by the floodplain or river bottom variety of Borassus aethiopum.
The species is partially protected within Chile, although pressures of human population growth and expansion of grazing areas have reduced the population of the Chilean Wine Palm in recent centuries.
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Jubaea.|
- Gonzalez. 1998
- "Jubaea chilensis (Molina) Baill". Plants of the World Online. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Retrieved 2019-06-25.
- "Ficha de Antecedentes de Especie: Jubaea chilensis (Molina) Baill" (PDF). Gobierno de Chile. Retrieved 2021-04-06.
- Principes Vol. 1 # 2 (January 1957) p. 57.
- James H. Veitch in Gardener's Chronicle Vol. 6 (third series) (October 5, 1889) p. 384.
- Chris Caradine, "A Day in Ocoa", THE PALM JOURNAL # 143 (November 1998) P. 20 with photo.
- "Growingontheedge.net - View topic - Jubaea chilensis".
- Dr. Al C. Carder, GIANT TREES OF WESTERN AMERICA AND THE WORLD, (Madeira Park, British Columbia, Canada: Harbour Publishing, 2005) p. 130.
- C. Michael Hogan. 2008
- C. Donoso (2005) Árboles nativos de Chile. Guía de reconocimiento. Edición 4. Marisa Cuneo Ediciones, Valdivia, Chile. 136p
- González (1998). "Jubaea chilensis". IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. 1998. Retrieved 11 May 2006.old-form url Listed as Vulnerable (VU A1cd v2.3)
- Information from Encyclopedia of Chilean Flora
- C. Michael Hogan (2008) Chilean Wine Palm: Jubaea chilensis, GlobalTwitcher.com, ed. Nicklas Stromberg