|Biddle Memorial Institute|
Motto in English
|Let There Be Light|
|Type||Private historically black university|
|Presbyterian Church (USA)|
|Endowment||$51.1 million (Beneficiary of the Duke Endowment, 1924)|
|President||Clarence D. Armbrister|
|Campus||Urban 105 acres|
|Colors||Gold and Navy blue |
|Athletics||NCAA Division II – Central Intercollegiate Athletic Association|
|Mascot||The Golden Bull|
Biddle Memorial Hall, Johnson C. Smith University
|Location||Beatties Ford Rd. and W. Trade St., Charlotte, North Carolina|
|Area||less than one acre|
|NRHP reference No.||75001281|
|Added to NRHP||October 14, 1975|
Johnson C. Smith University (JCSU) is a private historically black university in Charlotte, North Carolina. It is affiliated with the Presbyterian Church (USA) and accredited by the Southern Association of Colleges and Schools (SACS). The university awards Bachelor of Science, Bachelor of Arts, Bachelor of Social Work, and Master of Social Work degrees.
Johnson C. Smith University was established on April 7, 1867 as the Biddle Memorial Institute at a meeting of the Catawba Presbytery in the old Charlotte Presbyterian Church. Mary D. Biddle, a churchwoman, donated $1,400 to the school. In appreciation of this first contribution, friends requested that Mrs. Biddle name the newly established school; she did so in the name of her late husband, Captain Henry Jonathan Biddle, who had been mortally wounded during the Battle of Glendale in 1862. Samuel C. Alexander and Willis L. Miller saw the need for a school in the south, and after the birth of the school they were elected as some of the first teachers. Its corresponding women's school was Scotia Seminary (now Barber-Scotia College).
In 1876, the charter was changed by the legislature of the State of North Carolina and the name became Biddle University, under which name the institution operated until 1923.
In 1891, Biddle University elected Daniel J. Sanders as the first African-American as President of a four-year institution in the south.
From 1921 to 1922, Jane Berry Smith donated funds to build a theological dormitory, a science hall, a teachers' cottage, and a memorial gate. She also provided an endowment for the institution in memory of her late husband, Johnson C. Smith. Up until her death, she donated funds for five more buildings and a campus church. In recognition of these generous benefactions, the Board of Trustees voted to change the name of the institution to Johnson C. Smith University. The charter of the school, accordingly, was amended on March 1, 1923, by the legislature of the State of North Carolina.
In 1924, James B. Duke established the Duke Endowment. While the largest share of that the endowment's earnings are allocated to support Duke University, Duke's donation required that 4% of its earnings be given to the university. Over the years, this share of the Endowment's distributions has exceeded $90 million.
In 1932, the university's charter was amended, providing for the admission of women. The 65-year-old institution for men then became partially coeducational. The first residence hall for women, named in memory of James B. Duke, was dedicated in 1940. In 1941, women were admitted to the freshman class. In 1942, the university was a fully coeducational institution.
JCSU joined the United Negro College Fund in 1944 as a founding member. This fund was organized primarily to help church-related schools of higher learning to revamp their training programs, to expand their physical plants, to promote faculty growth and to create new areas of service.
|1884–1885||William Alexander Holliday|
|1886–1891||William F. Johnson|
|1891–1907||Daniel J. Sanders|
|1907–1947||Henry Lawrence McCrorey|
|1956–1957||James W. Seabrook|
|1957–1968||Rufus P. Perry|
|1994–2008||Dorothy Cowser Yancy|
|2008–2018||Ronald L. Carter|
|2018–present||Clarence D. Armbrister|
Johnson C. Smith University offers 24 different degrees to undergraduate students and one to postgraduates. Each student earns his or her degree through one of three colleges: the College of Arts and Letters, the College of STEM (Science, Technology, Engineering and Mathematics), or the College of Professional Studies.
The Robert L. Albright Honors College is available to qualified high-achieving undergraduate students at JCSU. The college is named after the 11th president of the university.
Metropolitan College offers undergraduate degree programs to adults to enhance their opportunities for career advancement and success. Metropolitan College provides students with flexible, convenient schedules and a variety of course styles including on-campus and online courses, as well as a Flex-Option for courses that include both online and in-class instruction. Evening courses at Metropolitan College are offered in criminology, social work, and business administration.
The university is organized into three colleges:
- College of Arts and Letters
- College of Science, Technology, Engineering and Mathematics (STEM)
- College of Professional Studies.
Due to its location near downtown Charlotte, NC, there are many social and cultural activities for JCSU students and faculty to enjoy, including professional sporting events, theater/movies, concerts, art exhibits, bands, chorale, poetry readings, and dance, among others.
Fraternities and sororities
All of the National Pan-Hellenic Council organizations currently have chapters at Johnson C. Smith University. These organizations are:
|Alpha Phi Alpha||ΑΦΑ||Alpha Omicron||ΑΟ|
|Kappa Alpha Psi||ΚΑΨ||Alpha Epsilon||ΑΕ|
|Omega Psi Phi||ΩΨΦ||Rho||Ρ|
|Phi Beta Sigma||ΦΒΣ||Alpha Epsilon||ΑΕ|
|Iota Phi Theta||ΙΦΘ||Beta Theta||ΒΘ|
|Alpha Kappa Alpha||ΑΚΑ||Gamma Delta||ΓΔ|
|Delta Sigma Theta||ΔΣΘ||Gamma Lambda||ΓΛ|
|Zeta Phi Beta||ΖΦΒ||Kappa||Κ|
|Sigma Gamma Rho||ΣΓΡ||Beta Upsilon||ΒΥ|
Other organizations include:
|Tau Beta Sigma||ΤΒΣ||Eta Omicron||ΗΟ|
|Kappa Kappa Psi||ΚΚΨ||Theta Mu||ΘΜ|
|Alpha Phi Omega||ΑΦΩ||Delta Phi||ΔΦ|
|Lambda Theta Alpha||ΛΘΑ||Zeta Theta||ΖΘ|
|Lambda Theta Phi||ΛΘΦ||NC Colony 2|
Student-athletes compete in intercollegiate and intramural athletics.
JCSU is a member of the National Collegiate Athletic Association (NCAA), Division II and the Central Intercollegiate Athletic Association (CIAA). Its intercollegiate sports programs include basketball, bowling, cross-country, football, golf, softball, volleyball, tennis, and track and field. Its teams are nicknamed the Golden Bulls.
|Tim Beamer||1971||Professional football player.|
|Trezzvant Anderson||American journalist, publicist, and war correspondent.|
|Frederick C. Branch||1942||First African American officer in the United States Marine Corps|
|Tyrone Britt||1967||Professional baseball player.|
|Vanderbilt Brown||1907||One of the first physicians to finish training in World War I.|
|Mickey Casey||Professional baseball player.|
|Eva M. Clayton||1955||Clayton and Mel Watt were the first African Americans elected to the House of Representatives from North Carolina since 1898 (since Clayton won the special election, she took office before Watt).|
|Gregory Clifton||Professional football player|
|Dorothy Counts||1964||One of the first black students admitted to the Harry Harding High School in the United States. After four days of harassment that threatened her safety, her parents forced her to withdraw from the school.|
|Grover Covington||Professional football player and member of the Canadian Football Hall of Fame.|
|John O. Crosby||African-American educator and the first president of what is now North Carolina Agricultural and Technical State University.|
|Sadye Curry||1963||First African-American woman to become a gastroenterologist in the United States.|
|Charlie S. Dannelly||1962||Democratic member of the North Carolina General Assembly representing the state's thirty-eighth Senate district since 1995.|||
|Bill Davis||1963||College football coach.|
|De'Audra Dix||2009||2008 Division II 1st Team All-American and professional football player.|
|Edward R. Dudley||1932||First African-American to hold the rank of Ambassador of the United States, serving as ambassador to Liberia (where he had been serving with the rank of minister) from 1949 through 1953.|
|Bill Dusenbery||Professional football player.|
|Thereasea Elder||First African American public health nurse in Charlotte, North Carolina.|
|Richard Erwin||1947||First black federal judge in North Carolina.|
|Ferdinand Kwasi Fiawoo||1933||Ghanaian minister of religion, playwright and educator, founder of Zion College, the first secondary school in Ghana's Volta Region.|
|Malcolm Graham||1985||Democratic member of the North Carolina Senate, representing District 40.|
|Leford Green||2011||Division II Collegiate Indoor and Outdoor Regional and National Track Athlete of the Year in 2010 and 2011. Green was a member of the 2012 Summer Olympics Jamaican National Olympic Track and Field team.|
|Chet Grimsley||1978||First white student to garner accolades as All-CIAA and All-American at JCSU and at an HBCU. Author of "White Golden Bull."|
|Larry D. Hall||1978||Democratic politician who has served in the North Carolina House of Representatives as the member from North Carolina's 29th representative district since 2006.|
|Reginald Hawkins||1973||First African-American to run for Governor of North Carolina.|
|Bun Hayes||1929||Nicknamed "Bun", professional baseball player.|
|JoAnn Haysbert||Chancellor and Provost of Hampton University.|||
|Henry Aaron Hill||1936||Fluorocarbon chemist who became the first African-American president of the American Chemical Society (ACS).|
|Quentin Hillsman||Head women's college basketball coach for the Syracuse Orange.|
|Cheris F. Hodges||1999||Author of African-American romance novels.|
|Sara Dunlap Jackson||1943||National Archives and Records Administration archivist, Military Archives Division.|
|Benny Johnson||1970||Professional football player.|
|J. Charles Jones||1960||Civil rights leader, attorney, co-founder of the Student Nonviolent Coordinating Committee (SNCC), and chairperson of the SNCC's direct action committee.|
|Edward Joyner||1994||Head men's basketball coach at Hampton University.|
|Boise Kimber||1981||Baptist minister and civil rights activist.|
|William Lindsay||1931||nicknamed "Red", professional baseball player.|
|Sapphira Martin||2011||Co-host on Black Girl Podcast.|
|Bertha Maxwell-Roddey||1954||African-American educator and the only female founding member of the National Council of Black Studies.|
|Earl Manigault||Rucker Park legend. Attended JCSU for one semester during 1964–65 school year.|
|Mildred Mitchell-Bateman||1941||African-American physician and medical administrator. She was West Virginia's mental health commissioner in 1962, and was the first woman and African-American to hold the position.|
|Cary C Mitchell||1983||Nationally known men’s clothier/fashion designer who for years made dress clothes for professional basketball and football players including Tiger Woods and the inaugural game uniform for the Charlotte Bobcats in 2004.|
|Eddie McGirt||1948||a CIAA football coach legend.|
|Fred "Curly" Neal||1962||Former member of the Harlem Globetrotters|
|Pettis Norman||1962||Professional football player.|
|Trevin Parks||2013||Professional basketball player.|
|Obie Patterson||1965||Former member of the Maryland House of Delegates|
|Don Pullen||Jazz pianist and organist|
|Zilner Randolph||Jazz trumpeter and music educator|
|James "Twiggy" Sanders||1974||Harlem Globetrotters member|
|Jawn Sandifer||1935||Civil rights attorney, judge, and New York State Supreme Court Justice.|
|Gary Siplin||1976||Politician, Member of the Florida Senate from the 19th district.|
|Marvin Scott||1966||Republican candidate for U.S. Senate from Indiana in 2004|
|Chris Smith||1992||Democratic member of the Florida Senate.|
|Clarence F. Stephens||1938||Ninth African American to receive a Ph.D. in mathematics|
|John Taylor||Professional football player.|
|Steel Arm Johnny Taylor||Professional baseball player.|
|John Terry||Professional football player.|
|Sandra L. Townes||1966||District Judge for the United States District Court for the Eastern District of New York|
|Skeets Tolbert||Jazz clarinetist|
|Faya Ora Rose Touré||1969||Civil rights activist, lawyer, and first black female judge in Alabama.|
|Avon Williams||1940||Tennessee State Senator from 1972 to 1992|
|Danielle Williams||2014||Jamaican athlete specializing in the sprint hurdles. She is best known for winning the gold medal at the 2015 World Championships.|
|Shermaine Williams||2011||Jamaican track & field sprinter. First female from Johnson C. Smith University to go to Summer Olympics 2012|
|Draff Young||Professional basketball coach.|
|Kelly Alexander||Professor||Democratic member of the North Carolina General Assembly.|
|Henry A. Hunt||Professor||Winner of the Spingarn Medal award. In the 1930s Hunt was invited to participate in President Franklin D. Roosevelt's Black Cabinet.|
|Edward Jackson||Football Coach||One of the greatest HBCU football coaches of all-time. His all-time coaching record is 141–62–12. His record at JCSU is 30–14–4.|
|Mary Jackson McCrorey||Counselor of women, wife of president H. L. McCrorey.|||
|Jimmie McKee||Contributor||Founder of Johnson C. Smith University athletic booster program the 100 Club. He became a successful Charlotte businessman, contributing to Johnson C Smith University, NAACP, Colored NC Police Association, Democratic Party and YMCA.|
|Mike Minter||Football Assistant coach||Professional football player.|
|Steve Wilks||Football Assistant coach||Professional football coach.|
- "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2006-05-14. Retrieved 2006-05-29.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
- "Instructional Faculty and Class Size" (PDF). Jscu.edu. Retrieved 2016-09-19.
- "Enrollment and Persistence" (PDF). Jscu.edu. Retrieved 2016-12-13.
- "National Register Information System". National Register of Historic Places. National Park Service. March 13, 2009.
- "The American Missionary Volume 0033 Issue 11 (Nov 1879)". Cornell.edu. Retrieved 18 September 2016.
- "Trust Indenture" (PDF). Dukendowment.org. Retrieved 2010-01-07.
- "United Negro College Fund". UNCF.org. Retrieved 2016-09-18.
- "Johnson C. Smith University - Honors College". Jcsu.edu. Retrieved 18 September 2016.
- "Academic Catalog" (PDF). Jcsu.edu. Archived from the original (PDF) on 2016-12-20. Retrieved 2016-12-14.
- "Charlie Dannelly's Biography". Votesmart.org. Project Vote Smart. Retrieved April 21, 2014.
- "Former provost JoAnn Haysbert returning to Hampton University". tribunedigital-dailypress. Retrieved 2018-08-13.
- "Woman Gets Degree Doctor of Pedagogy" Pittsburgh Courier (July 5, 1941): 18. via Newspapers.com