Strohmeyer was born in Boston, Massachusetts. After working as a night reporter for the now-defunct Bethlehem Globe-Times of Bethlehem, Pennsylvania while attending Moravian College, he spent three years in the United States Navy during World War II, ultimately attaining the rank of lieutenant. A graduate of Muhlenberg College (1947) and the Columbia University Graduate School of Journalism (1948), Strohmeyer was a Nieman Fellow at Harvard University during the 1952–1953 academic year while employed by The Providence Journal. In 1956, he returned to Bethlehem, where he served as editor of the Globe-Times until 1984. He won an Alicia Patterson Journalism Fellowship in 1984 to research and write about the decline of the American steel industry, a project that evolved into Crisis in Bethlehem: Big Steel's Struggle to Survive (Adler & Adler, 1986; University of Pittsburgh Press, 1994).
In 1992, Robert Atwood recruited Strohmeyer to teach journalism at the University of Alaska Anchorage in a position endowed by Atwood. While there, Strohmeyer wrote Extreme Conditions: Big Oil and the Transformation of Alaska. Strohmeyer also wrote Atwood's biography, which was never published due to a dispute which arose after Atwood's death between Strohmeyer and Atwood's daughter Elaine.
- "Ex-UAA professor, Pulitzer winner dies". Anchorage Daily News. Anchorage. March 4, 2010. Archived from the original on March 8, 2010. Retrieved March 5, 2010.CS1 maint: bot: original URL status unknown (link)
- Alicia Patterson Journalism Fellowship
- "Atwoods aim to halt biography". Associated Press. April 26, 1999. Retrieved June 27, 2015.