John P. Jones
|United States Senator|
March 4, 1873 – March 3, 1903
|Preceded by||James W. Nye|
|Succeeded by||Francis G. Newlands|
|Born||January 27, 1829|
|Died||November 27, 1912 (aged 83)|
Los Angeles, California
|Political party||Republican, Silver (1895-1901)|
John Percival Jones (January 27, 1829 – November 27, 1912) was an American politician who served for 30 years as a Republican United States Senator from Nevada. He made a fortune in silver mining and was a co-founder of the town of Santa Monica, California.
John P. Jones, one of thirteen children of Thomas Jones (1793–1871) and Mary A. Jones, was born in Herefordshire, England. The family immigrated to the United States and settled in Cleveland, Ohio in 1831. Thomas Jones purchased property, and established himself in business as a marble manufacturer.
California Gold Rush
In 1849 John P. Jones went to California to participate in the Gold rush. He settled in Trinity County, California where he engaged in mining and farming. He served as county sheriff, and was a member of the California state senate from 1863 to 1867. In 1867 he was the nominee of the Republican party for Lieutenant-Governor.
Comstock Lode Nevada
In 1868, Jones moved to Gold Hill, Nevada where he was superintendent of the Crown Point silver mine which was part of the Comstock Lode. When a body of silver ore was stuck in 1870, Jones and Alvinza Hayward acquired shares and were able to gain control of the Crown Point mine.
United States Senate
In 1873 he was elected by the Nevada Legislature to the United States Senate, in which he served five terms from 1873 to 1903. He served as chairman of the Senate Committee on Auditing the Contingent Expenses from 1877 to 1881 and from 1883 to 1893, and as chairman of the committee on epidemic diseases from 1893 to 1903. Jones was involved with the minting of the Twenty-cent piece silver coin. Like many Republicans from the western United States, Jones left the party in 1896 over the issue of bimetalism and joined the Silver Party. He caucused with the Silver Republicans and later rejoined the Republican Party, but decided not to run for re-election to the Senate in 1902. Jones was a strong proponent of racist immigration policy, arguing on the Senate floor for the exclusion of the "tawny and the black races, in order that our own race may be kept intact and uncontaminated."
Panamint Silver Mines
In 1874, Jones and fellow Nevada senator, William M. Stewart, invested in the Panamint silver mines near Independence, Inyo County, California. Jones planned to build a railroad from the mines to the ocean at Santa Monica. By 1877, the Panamint mines were exhausted and closed.
Jones visited Los Angeles in 1874 and bought a three quarter interest in Colonel Robert S. Baker’s ranch in Santa Monica. In 1875, Jones and Baker laid out the town of Santa Monica. Jones built the first railroad (Los Angeles and Independence Railroad) from Los Angeles to Santa Monica. Due to financial pressures, Jones was forced to sell the railroad to Southern Pacific in 1877.
In 1903 Jones retired to his 1889 home, Miramar, in Santa Monica where he continued to oversee his businesses. Shortly before the Senator died, Miramar was sold to King Gillette. Gillette rarely visited the house, and after a brief spell towards the end of World War I as a boys military academy, the estate was sold to hotelier Gilbert Stevenson and it became the Hotel Miramar in 1921. Since then, it has been run by various hoteliers — except for during World War II, when the Army Air Corps took over the Miramar and used it as a redistribution center for officers and enlisted men returning from overseas. The mansion was demolished in 1938, leaving as the oldest structure, the six story "Palisades" wing built in 1924. The Moreton Bay Fig Tree, given to the Jones’ by the bartender in 1889, still stands where it was planted by gardener W.H. Lee. The site is now the home of the Fairmont Miramar Hotel.
Jones married the widow Hannah Cornelia (Conger) Greathouse, in 1861, and they had one son, Roy Jones. Hannah died in 1871, and Jones married Georgina Frances Sullivan in 1875. They had three daughters, Alice (MacMonnies), Marion (Farquhar) and Georgina (Walton).
- List of United States senators who switched parties
- List of United States senators born outside the United States
- Donated land for Old Santa Monica Forestry Station
- United States Congress. "John P. Jones (id: J000237)". Biographical Directory of the United States Congress.
- Wickham, Gertrude Van Rensselaer (1914). The Pioneer Families of Cleveland 1796–1840. Evangelical Publishing House.
- Mitchell Charles Harrison, (1902), Prominent and progressive Americans New York Tribune
- Gorham, Harry M. (1939). My Memories of the Comstock. Gold Hill Publishing Co.
- Smith, Grant Horace; Joseph V. Tingley (1998). The history of the Comstock lode, 1850-1997.
- Elliott, Russell R. (1987). History of Nevada. University of Nebraska Press. ISBN 978-0-8032-6715-2.
- U.S. Senate: Senators Who Changed Parties During Senate Service
- Nevada’s Doctrinaire Senator: John P. Jones and the Politics of Silver in the Golden Age. Nevada Historical Society Quarterly 36 (Winter 1993): 246-62.
- 13 Cong. Rec. 1740 (1882).
- Lingenfelter, Richard E. (1988). Death Valley and the Amargosa. University of California Press. ISBN 978-0-520-06356-3.
- Wilson, Neill Compton (1937). Silver Stampede: The career of Death Valley's hell-camp, old Panamint. Books for Libraries Press. ISBN 978-0-8369-5969-7.
- Ingersoll, Luther A (2008). Ingersoll's Century History, Santa Monica Bay Cities - Prefaced with a Brief History of the State of California, a Condensed History of Los Angeles County, 1542-1908; Supplemented with an Encyclopedia of Local Biography. ISBN 978-1-4086-2367-1.
- The Nevada Senators's Marriage New York Times, January 12, 1875