John J. Blaine
|United States Senator|
March 4, 1927 – March 3, 1933
|Preceded by||Irvine Lenroot|
|Succeeded by||Francis R. Duffy|
|24th Governor of Wisconsin|
January 3, 1921 – January 3, 1927
|Lieutenant||George F. Comings|
Henry A. Huber
|Preceded by||Emanuel L. Philipp|
|Succeeded by||Fred R. Zimmerman|
|23rd Attorney General of Wisconsin|
January 6, 1919 – January 3, 1921
|Governor||Emanuel L. Philipp|
|Preceded by||Spencer Haven|
|Succeeded by||William J. Morgan|
|Member of the Wisconsin Senate|
from the 16th district
January 1, 1909 – January 1, 1913
|Preceded by||Edward E. Burns|
|Succeeded by||Robert Glenn|
|Mayor of Boscobel, Wisconsin|
April 1906 – April 1907
April 1903 – April 1904
April 1901 – April 1902
John James Blaine
May 4, 1875
Wingville, Wisconsin, US
|Died||April 16, 1934 (aged 58)|
Boscobel, Wisconsin, US
|Resting place||Boscobel Cemetery|
|Alma mater||Valparaiso University|
John James Blaine (May 4, 1875 – April 16, 1934) was an American lawyer and politician. He was the 24th Governor of Wisconsin and a United States Senator. He also served as Attorney General of Wisconsin and a member of the Wisconsin State Senate.
Early life and education
Blaine was born on May 4, 1875, in Wingville, Wisconsin. Blaine attended the common schools, and then what is now Valparaiso University in Indiana, graduating from the university's law department in 1896. After being admitted to the bar in Wisconsin, he practiced law in Montfort before moving to Boscobel.
Blaine served as vice-president of a telephone company, and as mayor of Boscobel, Wisconsin, for three one-year terms: 1901-1902, 1903-1904, and 1906-1907. He was on the Grant County Board of Supervisors, and was a member of Wisconsin State Senate (16th District) from 1909 to 1912. He served as delegate to Republican National Convention from Wisconsin, 1912 (alternate), 1916, 1920, 1924, 1928, 1932. He was Wisconsin State Attorney General, from 1919 to 1921. He served as the 24th Governor of Wisconsin from January 3, 1921 to January 3, 1927.
In 1926, he defeated the Progressive Republican United States Senator Irvine Lenroot in the Republican primary. He won the general election with 55% of the vote against Democratic, Independent and Socialist Party candidates. Blaine served in the Senate from March 4, 1927 to March 3, 1933. He was the only senator to vote against ratification of the Kellogg–Briand Pact, which was approved 85–1. Blaine asserted that ratifying the treaty represented an endorsement of British imperialism. Blaine crossed party lines during the 1928 presidential campaign and endorsed Democratic nominee Al Smith for president. He later authored the 21st Amendment (Blaine Act), which repealed the 18th Amendment (Volstead Act), which had prohibited intoxicating liquors.
In 1932, John B. Chapple defeated Blaine in the Republican primary. Chapple was then defeated in the general election by F. Ryan Duffy, as part of massive Democratic victories in the national elections that year. Blaine resumed the practice of law at Boscobel and was appointed a director of the Reconstruction Finance Corporation by President Franklin Roosevelt, serving until his death.
Son of James Ferguson Blaine (1827–1888) and Elizabeth (Johnson) Blaine (1834–1903), who were immigrants from Scotland and Norway respectively. Blaine married Anna C. McSpaden (1875–1938) on August 23, 1904.
- "John J. Blaine Succumbs to Illness. Passes away Late Monday at Boscobel". The Rhinelander Daily News. April 17, 1934. p. 1. Retrieved April 7, 2017 – via Newspapers.com.
- "BLAINE, John James - Biographical Information". bioguide.congress.gov.
- "John James Blaine". Dictionary of Wisconsin History. Accessed Nov. 11, 2008.
- "Senate Ratifies Anti-War Pact". The Milwaukee Journal. United Press. 1929-01-16. Retrieved 2018-08-26.
- Chiles, Robert (2018). The Revolution of '28: Al Smith, American Progressivism, and the Coming of the New Deal. Cornell University Press. p. 82. ISBN 978-1501705502. Retrieved 20 May 2019.
- "John J. Blaine". 1996-2014 Wisconsin Historical Society. Retrieved 29 May 2014.
- United States Congress. "John J. Blaine (id: B000520)". Biographical Directory of the United States Congress.
- John J. Blaine at Find a Grave