John Charles Daly
John Charles Patrick Croghan Daly
February 20, 1914
|Died||February 24, 1991 (aged 77)|
|Resting place||Columbarium 4, Section I, Row 24, Niche 5, Arlington National Cemetery|
|Other names||John Daly|
|Alma mater||Boston College|
Game show host
Margaret Griswell Neal
(m. 1937; div. 1959)
John Charles Patrick Croghan Daly (February 20, 1914 – February 24, 1991), generally known as John Charles Daly or simply John Daly, was a South African-born American radio and television personality, CBS News broadcast journalist, ABC News executive, TV anchor, and game show host, best known for his work on the CBS panel show What's My Line?
In World War II, he was the first national correspondent to report the attack on Pearl Harbor and the death of Franklin D. Roosevelt, and he covered much of the front-line news from Europe and North Africa.
The second of two brothers, Daly was born in Johannesburg, South Africa, where his American father worked as a geologist. While in Johannesburg, Daly attended Marist Brothers College. After his father died of a tropical fever, Daly's mother moved the family to Boston, Massachusetts. At that time, John was 11 years old, and attended the Tilton School and later served on its board of directors for many years, contributing to the construction or restoration of many buildings on campus. He did his post-secondary education at a junior college and graduated from Boston College. Daly worked for a time in a wool factory and a transit company in Washington, D.C., before becoming a reporter for NBC Radio and later CBS.
Daly began his broadcasting career as a reporter for NBC Radio and then WJSV (now WTOP), the local CBS Radio Network affiliate in Washington, D.C., as CBS' White House correspondent. He appears on the famous "One Day in Radio" tapes of September 21, 1939, in which WJSV preserved its entire broadcast day for posterity.
While covering the Roosevelt White House, Daly became known to the national CBS audience as the network announcer for many of the President's speeches. In late 1941, Daly transferred to New York City, where he became anchor of The World Today. During World War II, he covered the news from London as well as the North African and Italian fronts. Daly was a war correspondent in 1943 in Italy during Gen. George S. Patton's infamous "slapping incidents." After the war, he was a lead reporter on CBS Radio's news/entertainment program CBS Is There (later revived for television as the Walter Cronkite hosted series You Are There), which recreated the great events of history as if CBS correspondents were on the scene.
As a reporter for the CBS radio network, Daly was the voice of two historic announcements. He was the first national correspondent to deliver the news of the attack on Pearl Harbor on Sunday, December 7, 1941, and he was also the first to relay the wire service report of the death of President Franklin D. Roosevelt on April 12, 1945, interrupting the program Wilderness Road to deliver the news. Recreations of those bulletins have been preserved on historical record album retrospectives and radio and television documentaries. Among the first was the Columbia Records spoken-word album I Can Hear It Now.
Daly's first foray into television was as a panelist on the game show Celebrity Time. This led to a job in 1950 as the host and moderator on a new panel show produced by Goodson–Todman, What's My Line? The show lasted 17 years, with Daly hosting all but four episodes of the weekly series.
In 1954–55, in addition to his duties with What's My Line?, Daly also hosted the final year of the NBC Television game show Who Said That?, in which celebrities tried to determine the speaker of quotations taken from recent news reports.
On What's My Line?, each panelist introduced the next in line at the start of the show. Upon Fred Allen's death in 1956, Random House book publisher co-founder and humorist Bennett Cerf became the anchor panelist who would usually, but not always, introduce Daly. Cerf usually prefaced his introduction with a pun or joke that over time became a pun or joke at Daly's expense. Daly would then often fire back his own retort. Cerf and Daly enjoyed a friendly feud from across the stage for the remainder of the history of the program. The mystery guest on the final CBS program (aired September 3, 1967) was Daly himself. Daly had received many letters over the years asking him to fill that role; until the finale he never could, because Daly served as the "emergency mystery guest", in case the scheduled celebrity failed to show on the live program.
According to producer Gil Fates, Daly was resistant to changes that would have appealed to a younger audience but might have diminished the show's dignity. For example, Daly usually referred to the panelists formally, such as "Mr. Cerf." The producers, Fates said, were unable to challenge Daly for fear of losing him as the show's moderator. The series spawned a brief radio version in 1952 that was also hosted by Daly. The series also inspired a multitude of concurrent international versions and a syndicated U.S. revival in 1968 in which Daly did not participate. He was a vice president at ABC during the 1950s. He did hosting duties on Who Said That?, It's News to Me, We Take Your Word, and Open Hearing. Daly was a narrator on The Voice of Firestone starting in 1958.
He also had several television and movie guest appearances from the late 1940s to the mid-1960s, including an uncredited role in Bye Bye Birdie (as the reporter announcing the title character's induction into the Army) and as the narrator, in a mock documentary style, on the premiere episode of the rural comedy series Green Acres. In 1949 he starred in the short-lived CBS Television newspaper drama The Front Page, where it was thought that his presence and journalistic experience would give the series more authenticity.
During the 1950s, Daly became the vice president in charge of news, special events, and public affairs, religious programs and sports for ABC and won three Peabody Awards. From 1953 to 1960, he anchored ABC News broadcasts and was the face of the network's news division, even though What's My Line? was then on competing CBS. In addition, he provided the voice of a Conelrad radio announcer on the May 18, 1954 broadcast of The Motorola Television Hour on ABC titled Atomic Attack, which showcases a story about a family in a New York City suburb dealing with the aftermath of an H-bomb attack fifty miles away. At the time, this was a very rare instance of a television personality working on two different US broadcast TV networks simultaneously. (Daly did not work for CBS but for the producers of What's My Line?, Goodson-Todman Productions. He also filled in occasionally on NBC's The Today Show, making Daly one of the few people to work simultaneously on all three networks.) One of his most memorable days as host of the Today Show was when Harpo Marx was guest promoting his book "Harpo Speaks." Harpo completely destroyed Daly. Daly tried to get back some sense of normalcy but to no avail. Daly was completely convulsed in laughter. His closing line on the ABC Newscast was "Good night, and a good tomorrow." Daly resigned from ABC on November 16, 1960, after the network preempted the first hour of 1960 presidential election night coverage to show Bugs Bunny cartoons and The Rifleman from 7:30 to 8:30 pm while CBS and NBC were covering returns from the Kennedy–Nixon presidential election and other major races. In an accompanying article on the same page, however, it was stated that the reason for his resignation was the decision of the then-president of ABC, Leonard Goldenson, to bring in Time Inc. to co-produce documentaries that had previously been under Daly's direction for the network.
Daly continued on What's My Line? until 1967. In the 1962–63 season, the program was in competition with Howard K. Smith's News and Comment program on ABC News. A former CBS correspondent, Smith switched networks early in 1961, by which time Daly had already resigned from ABC. Smith later took over Daly's former role as anchor of ABC Evening News. In May 1967, during the final year of What's My Line?, it was announced that Daly would become the director of the Voice of America after the show ended. He assumed the position on September 20, 1967, but lasted only until June 6, 1968, when he resigned over a claim that Leonard H. Marks, his superior at the U.S. Information Agency, had been making personnel changes behind Daly's back.
From December 1968 to January 1969, Daly hosted the PBS arts and humanities program "Critique." Funded by the National Endowment for the Humanities, the Old Dominion Foundation (later the Andrew W. Mellon Foundation), and the Louis Calder Foundation (paper industry leader), “Critique” was originally scheduled for 26 weekly programs. However, Daly resigned after only five programs because the station declined to delete from a taped program in the series — titled "Huui, Huui," an opening production of the New York Shakespeare Festival Public Theater — a remark by David Goldman of radio station WCBS in New York that Daly considered obscene. The most notable and last guest on a "Critique" program hosted by Daly was Bronx-born singer/songwriter/pianist Laura Nyro, probably recorded on December 4, 1968, and originally broadcast on January 1, 1969, in which she performed demos of "And When I Die," "The Man Who Sends Me Home," "Captain Saint Lucifer," "Mercy on Broadway," "You Don't Love Me When I Cry," and "Save the Country," and also featured an interview with her manager David Geffen. Following Daly's resignation, only one more episode of "Critique" was produced and broadcast, an April 1969 episode featuring The Doors as the musical guests.
Daly did not host the syndicated version of What's My Line?, although he did co-host a 25th-anniversary program about the show for ABC in 1975. Daly was a member of the Peabody Awards Board of Jurors from 1966 to 1982. He was a frequent forum moderator for the conservative think tank the American Enterprise Institute throughout the 1980s.
At his alma mater, the Tilton School, there is an award named for Daly given to "persons whose pursuit of excellence and deep commitment as a member of the school family resembles that of John Daly's involvement with Tilton: continuous and widely known expressions of support in word and deed, inspiring others to reach goals that common experience dictates are impossible." Every year during Alumni Weekend Tilton School recognizes outstanding alumni during School Meeting on Saturday. Four awards for consideration are Alumnus of the Year, George L. Plimpton Award, John Charles Daly Award, and Artist Hall of Fame.
He married twice, first to Margaret Griswell Neal in January 1937. The marriage resulted in two sons, John Neal Daly and John Charles Daly III, and a daughter Helene Grant "Bunsy" Daly. It ended in divorce in April 1959.
On December 22, 1960, Daly married Virginia Warren, daughter of then–chief justice Earl Warren, in San Francisco. They were married for more than 30 years, until Daly's death. The marriage yielded three children: John Warren Daly, John Earl Jameson Daly, and Nina Elisabeth Daly.
Awards and nominations
- 1955: Won, "Best News Reporter or Commentator"—ABC
- 1956: Nominated, "Best News Commentator or Reporter"—ABC
- 1956: Nominated, "Best MC or Program Host, Male or Female"—CBS
- 1957: Nominated, "Best News Commentator"—ABC
- 1958: Nominated, "Best News Commentator"—ABC
- 1959: Nominated, "Best News Commentator or Analyst"—ABC
- 1962: Won, "Best TV Star—Male"
- 1954: Won, Personal Award, Radio-Television News.
- 1956: Won, ABC Television, Television News for Coverage of the National Political Conventions.
- 1957: Won, ABC Television, "Prologue '58."
- Cerf, Bennett (May 2, 1953). "Trade Winds". Saturday Review. p. 6. Retrieved September 3, 2017.
- Episode 859 of What's My Line? Originally aired November 13, 1966, on CBS. Rebroadcast on the Game Show Network on January 20, 2008. After Bennett Cerf announces Daly's full name, Daly corrects his pronunciation: "...for nearly eighteen years I've been trying to teach you it's John Charles Patrick 'Crow-ann'—the 'g' is silent..."
- Tomasson, Robert E. (February 27, 1991). "John Charles Daly Jr., the Host Of 'What's My Line?', Dies at 77". The New York Times. Retrieved July 13, 2008. – Scan of original publication Archived 2005-11-06 at the Library of Congress Web Archives
- "Pearl Harbor". AwesomeStories.com. October 7, 2013. Retrieved October 8, 2018.
- What's My Line? (TV). 3 September 1967. Archived from the original on 8 February 2016. Retrieved 8 February 2016.
- See, for example, Fates, Gil (1978). What's My Line: TV's Most Famous Panel Show. Prentice Hall. p. 34. ISBN 9780139551468. Retrieved October 8, 2018.
- Shanley, John P. (September 7, 1958). "Story Behind Music; John Daly to Be the Narrator in New Series of Television Concerts". The New York Times. Retrieved July 13, 2008.
- Daly, John (November 23, 1958). "John Charles Daly's 4 Lives". Toledo Blade. Retrieved August 18, 2010.
- "Fluent Broadcaster, John Charles Daly". The New York Times. November 17, 1960. p. 75. Retrieved July 13, 2008.
- "Daly Quits A.B.C. In Policy Battle". The New York Times. November 17, 1960. p. 75. Retrieved November 6, 2018.
- Kenworthy, E.N. (May 30, 1967). "John Charles Daly to Direct the Voice of America; Daly will direct Voice of America". The New York Times. Retrieved July 13, 2008.
- "His Line Is U.S. News; John Charles Daly Jr". The New York Times. May 30, 1967. p. 14. Retrieved July 13, 2008.
- "John Daly Takes Oath As Voice of America Chief". The New York Times. September 20, 1967. p. 5. Retrieved July 13, 2008.
- "Daly Quits the Voice of America; Assails 'Executive Undercutting'; Charges Efforts to Reassign Senior Personnel While He Was Away on Tour". The New York Times. June 7, 1968. p. 1. Retrieved July 13, 2008.
- The New York Times, January 4, 1969
- "George Foster Peabody Awards Board Members". Peabody Awards.
- "Alumni Awards". Alumni Awards. Retrieved 1 March 2020.
- "John Daly Weds Virginia Warren In a Methodist Church on Coast". The New York Times. December 23, 1960. Retrieved July 13, 2008. – Scan of original publication Archived 2006-02-18 at the Wayback Machine, comcast.net; accessed September 6, 2015.
- Bennett Cerf states that Daly is celebrating his 18th anniversary on the January 9, 1955, episode of What's My Line.
- What's My Line? (28 July 2014). "What's My Line? - Sophia Loren; Dick Clark [panel] (Jun 29, 1958)". Retrieved 25 April 2018 – via YouTube.
- "People News: John Daly". Variety. March 4, 1991. Retrieved October 8, 2018.
- "Winners - 1950s". Peabody Awards. Archived from the original on 2012-03-10.
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