Johann Nepomuk Fuchs (5 May 1842 – 15 October 1899) was an Austrian composer, opera conductor, teacher and editor. His editorial work included an important role in the preparation of the first complete edition of Schubert's works. He was an older brother of the composer Robert Fuchs.
Life and works
Johann Nepomuk Fuchs was born on 5 May 1842 at Frauental in Styria in the south of Austria. His youngest brother was the composer and music teacher Robert Fuchs. Johann studied musical theory in Vienna with the prominent theorist and composer Simon Sechter, with whom Schubert had planned to study. In 1864, he was appointed Kapellmeister of the Bratislava Opera. He also conducted opera outside Bratislava, in Brno, Kassel, Cologne, Hamburg, and Leipzig, before moving to the Vienna Court Opera in 1880.
In 1888, Fuchs joined the faculty of the Vienna Conservatory, where the composer Alexander von Zemlinsky was one of his students of composition. Other notable students included composers Edmund Eysler, Leo Fall and Rubin Goldmark, and the theorist and composer Heinrich Schenker. In 1893, Fuchs succeeded Joseph Hellmesberger, Sr. as director of the conservatory. Further recognition followed in 1894, when he was appointed Vice Hofkapellmeister for his services at the Vienna Court Opera.
As an editor, Fuchs worked on editions of operas, including Gluck's Le cadi dupé, Handel's Almira and Schubert's Alfonso und Estrella. He helped prepare the first edition of the entire Schubert canon, the Schubert-Gesamtausgabe published by Breitkopf & Härtel, editing the works for the theatre, as well as some of the orchestral scores.
- Pascall, Robert (2007–2013). "Fuchs, Johann Nepomuk". Grove Music Online. Oxford Music Online, Oxford University Press. Retrieved 22 May 2013.(subscription required)
- Pascall, Robert (2007–2013). "Fuchs, Robert". Grove Music Online. Oxford Music Online, Oxford University Press. Retrieved 22 May 2013.(subscription required)
- "Obituary: Johann Nepomuk Fuchs", The Musical Times and Singing Class Circular, 40: 768, 1899
- Moskovitz, Marc (2010). Alexander Zemlinsky: A Lyric Symphony. Woodbridge, Suffolk: Boydell & Brewer. p. 17. ISBN 978-1-84383-578-3. Retrieved 22 May 2013.
- Randel, Don M, ed. (1996). The Harvard Biographical Dictionary of Music. Harvard University Press. pp. 255, 257. ISBN 978-0-674-37299-3. Retrieved 22 May 2013.
- Pollack, Howard (1999). Aaron Copland: The Life and Work of an Uncommon Man. University of Illinois Press. p. 34. ISBN 978-0-252-06900-0. Retrieved 22 May 2013.
- Holloway, Robin (29 August 2007). The Schenker Project : Culture, Race, and Music Theory in Fin-de-siecle Vienna. Oxford University Press. p. 17. ISBN 978-0-19-803812-2. Retrieved 23 May 2013.
- "Fuchs Johann Nepomuk Kapellmeister Kompositionslehrer und Komponist" (PDF). Österreichisches Biographisches Lexikon 1815–1950 (in German). Vienna: Verlag der Österreichischen Akademie der Wissenschaften. 1957. p. 379. Retrieved 22 May 2013.