|Born||September 11, 1937|
Columbus, Ohio, U.S.
|Alma mater||Cornell University|
|Awards||The Dorothy and Lillian Gish Prize, MacArthur Fellows Program|
Life and career
Tipton was born in Columbus, Ohio. In 1958, she graduated from Cornell University. While performing as a dancer and rehearsal mistress, she noticed the importance of lighting, and studied dance lighting with Thomas Skelton, becoming his assistant.
Her first lighting design for Broadway was in 1969 for Our Town, and her most recent, in 2018, for To Kill A Mockingbird. Among her many awards and nominations, she won the 1977 Tony Award for Best Lighting Design for lighting Andrei Serban's production of The Cherry Orchard and the 1989 Tony Award for lighting for Jerome Robbins' Broadway. She also has won the Drama Desk Award for Outstanding Lighting Design twice.
She is known for her designs for dance and is the principal lighting designer for the Paul Taylor Dance Company. Choreographers she has worked with include Mikhail Baryshnikov, Jiří Kylián, Dana Reitz, Jerome Robbins, Paul Taylor, Twyla Tharp, Dan Wagoner, and Shen Wei.
Tipton has designed lighting for the American Ballet Theatre since A Soldier's Tale (1971). She designed the lighting for Baryshnikov's production of The Nutcracker, both for the stage and for television.
In 2001, Tipton was awarded The Dorothy and Lillian Gish Prize, one of the richest prizes in the arts, given annually to "a man or woman who has made an outstanding contribution to the beauty of the world and to mankind's enjoyment and understanding of life."
In January 2008, Tipton designed a large lighting display for the Experimental Media and Performing Arts Center at Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute in Troy, NY. It was her first non-theatrical installation.
She has served as Professor (Adjunct) of Design at the Yale School of Drama since 1981. Tipton trained many lighting designers, including Donald Holder, Christopher Akerlind, Michael Chybowski, M.L. Geiger and Robert Wierzel. 2006 Tony award winner Howell Binkley assisted her for many years.
A 1991 biographical article in The New York Times stated: "There are perhaps a dozen lighting designers in the country who work steadily enough to support themselves by their art, and maybe half a dozen who are acclaimed and in demand. Among these is Jennifer Tipton, characterized most often for the impeccability of her taste and a certain precision and cerebral quality to her work -- which have earned her two Tony awards, among other prizes during her 25 years in the theater."
As Jennifer Tipton said to The New York Times "I feel that light is like music. In some abstract, emotional, noncerebral, nonliterary way, it makes us feel, it makes us see, it makes us think, all without knowing exactly how and why." She talks about how probably 99.9% of the audience isn't even really aware of it. A lot of thought is put into the lighting of a show, dance, performance, etc. and almost no one really appreciates it.
Tipton also told Sylviane Gold for Vanity Fair in 1985 that one of the most important differences with designing lighting for dance and theater is that in dance, darkness is forbidden. You have to see dance to know what's going on but in theater, you just need to listen to it.
Stage work (selected)
- To Kill a Mockingbird (2018 play) - 2018 - Tony Award Best Lighting Design of a Play nominee
- A Doll's House, Part 2 - 2017 - Tony Award Best Lighting Design of a Play nominee
- The Testament of Mary (play) - 2013 - Tony Award Best Lighting Design of a Play nominee
- Spectral Scriabin - 2010 - a "piano theatre" collaboration with pianist Eteri Andjaparidze
- La Bete - 1991 - Tony Award Best Lighting Design nominee
- Jerome Robbins' Broadway - 1989 - Tony Award Best Lighting Design winner and Drama Desk Award Outstanding Lighting Design winner
- Long Day's Journey Into Night - 1989 - Drama Desk Award Outstanding Lighting Design winner
- Worstward Ho - 1987 - Drama Desk Award Outstanding Lighting Design nominee
- Hamlet - 1986 - Drama Desk Award Outstanding Lighting Design nominee
- Whoopi Goldberg - 1985 - Drama Desk Award Outstanding Lighting Design nominee
- Sophisticated Ladies - 1981 - Tony Award Best Lighting Design nominee
- Lunch Hour - 1981 - Drama Desk Award Outstanding Lighting Design nominee
- Bosoms and Neglect - 1979
- The Cherry Orchard - 1977 - Tony Award Best Lighting Design winner and Drama Desk Award Outstanding Lighting Design winner
- For Colored Girls Who Have Considered Suicide When the Rainbow Is Enuf 1977 - Drama Desk Award Outstanding Lighting Design winner
- Tipton listing news.cornell.edu
- A Brief History of Stage lighting Archived 2007-09-27 at the Wayback Machine northern.edu, accessed May 26, 2009
- Credits American Ballet Theatre.org, accessed May 26, 2009
- The Dorothy and Lillian Gish Prize Archived 2013-10-06 at the Wayback Machine, official website.
- Dalton, Joseph."NIght Light" Archived 2008-07-04 at the Wayback MachineTimes-Union, empac.rpi.edu, January 13, 2008
- Events Archived 2008-01-19 at the Wayback Machine empac.rpi.edu, accessed May 26, 2009
- "Three Yale Affiliates Receive MacArthur ‘Genius’ Grants" Archived 2010-07-13 at the Wayback Machine opa.yale.edu, October 3, 2008
- Stone, Elizabeth."THEATER; Through the Lens Brightly With Jennifer Tipton",The New York Times, April 14, 1991
- "Tipton,Jennifer" Current Biography Yearbook 1997 The H. W. Wilson Company. 1997. page 560.
- Carrera, Claudia (3 November 2011). "The queen of theater lighting, Jennifer Tipton, gets a spotlight for herself in two New York performances". politico.com. politico. Retrieved 28 March 2018.
"as a potent, versatile, mysterious art form.
- Robinson, Alice M.; Roberts, Vera Mowry; Barranger, Milly S. (eds.). Notable Women in the American Theater: A Biographical Dictionary. Westport, Connecticut. p. 874.
- Jennifer Tipton at the Internet Broadway Database
- NY Times article by Nan Robertson, February 11, 1984
- Bibliography of books and articles about Tipton from the Dance Heritage Coalition
- Jennifer Tipton lighting designs, 1958-2013 Jerome Robbins Dance Division, New York Public Library for the Performing Arts.