In compressible fluid dynamics, impact pressure (dynamic pressure) is the difference between total pressure (also known as pitot pressure or stagnation pressure) and static pressure. In aerodynamics notation, this quantity is denoted as or .
When input to an airspeed indicator, impact pressure is used to provide a calibrated airspeed reading. An air data computer with inputs of pitot and static pressures is able to provide a Mach number and, if static temperature is known, true airspeed.
is total pressure
is static pressure
is the ratio of specific heats
is the freestream Mach number
Taking to be 1.4, and since
is dynamic pressure
- "Definition of impact pressure". answers.com. Archived from the original on 2008-08-29. Retrieved 2008-10-01.
- The Free Dictionary Retrieved on 2008-10-01
- L. J. Clancy (1975) Aerodynamics, Section 3.12 and 3.13
- "the dynamic pressure is equal to half rho vee squared only in incompressible flow."
Houghton, E.L. and Carpenter, P.W. (1993), Aerodynamics for Engineering Students, Section 2.3.1