|Born||26 April 1864|
Vagharshapat, Erivan Governorate, Russian Empire
|Died||29 September 1929 (aged 65)|
Yerevan, Armenian SSR
|Resting place||Komitas Pantheon|
|Occupation||writer, translator, teacher|
|Literary movement||Modern Armenian|
Hovhannes Hovhannisyan (Armenian: Հովհաննես Հովհաննիսյան, 26 April [O.S. 14 April] 1864 – 29 September 1929) was an Armenian poet, linguist, translator and educator. He was a key contributor to the Ashkharabar (Modern Armenian) literature movement and a promoter of literacy in Armenia. He has been called the founder of Classic Armenian poetry.
Hovhannisyan was born into a peasant family in Vagharshapat, then within the Erivan Governorate of the Russian Empire. He attended parochial school in Armenia before studying in Moscow at the Lazaryan Language Institute (1877–83) and Moscow State University (1884-88).
In 1889, he traveled around Europe visiting various cities, including Constantinople, London, Paris and Vienna. Hovhannisyan returned to Vagharshapat and began his teaching career at Gevorkian Seminary, lecturing on Greek and Russian languages and literature. He taught until 1912.
Hovhannisyan greatly enriched Modern Armenian through his own work as well as translations. Together with Russian writer Valery Bryusov, he became the first to translate ancient Armenian manuscripts into Modern Armenian. He also translated works from classic and then-contemporary writers, including Homer, Shakespeare, Goethe, Hugo, Ibsen, Nekrasov, Pushkin, and Schiller.
He was a supporter of the 1917 Russian Revolution and the creation of the Soviet Union. In 1922, he worked in the Council of People's Commissars setting up the new Armenian Soviet Socialist Republic.
Hovhannisyan died in 1929 in Yerevan, aged 65. He was buried at the old Mler cemetery in the city, which was soon after developed into the Komitas Pantheon, the resting place for many of Armenia's most prominent cultural icons.
In 1883, Hovhannisyan had his first poem published, Spring. His subjects included love and nature, as well as tragedy and the hard life of Armenia's peasantry. He eventually published three volumes of his works in 1887, 1908 and 1912.
- Spring («Աղբյուր»), 1883
- («Ա՜խ, տվեք ինձ քաղցր մի քուն»), 1884
- («Բանաստեղծություններ»), 1887
- («Իզուր է, հոգիս, իզուր, իմ հրեշտակ»), 1885
- («Կուզեի լինել կարկաչուն վտակ»), 1888
- («Երկու ճանապարհ»), 1883
- («Մնաք բարով, արև, գարուն»), 1887
- («Աշուղ»), 1887
- («Գյուղի ժամը»), 1886
- («Հատիկ»), 1886
- («Արազն եկավ լափին տալով»), 1887
- («Ալագյազ բարձր սարին»), 1901
- («Տեսե՞լ ես արդյոք այն բլուրները»), 1880
- («Մայրս»), 1896
- («Տղմուտ»), 1887
- («Նոր զարուն»), 1897
- («Սարն ի վեր»), 1896
- («Սյունյաց իշխանը»), 1887
- («Սրտավազդ»), 1887
- («Վահագնի ծնունդը»), 1904
- («Լուսավո��չի կանթեղը»), 1904
In 1948, his daughter established the Hovhannes Hovhannisyan Museum at the house where he was born in central Vagharshapat, near the Holy Mother of God Cathedral and the mayor's office. In 2009, it was reported that the museum was in a dilapidated state, but that the mayor's office of Vagharshapat intended to see it repaired.
- Asmaryan, L. Հովհաննես Հովհաննիսյան (in Armenian). armenianhouse.org. Retrieved 14 February 2015.
- "Museum of Armenian poet Hovhannes Hovhannisyan at the verge of dilapidation". PanArmenian.net. 3 June 2009. Retrieved 14 February 2015.
- Иоаннисян Иоаннес Мкртичевич. Great Soviet Encyclopedia. 1966. Retrieved 14 February 2015.
- Hacikyan, Agop Jack; Basmajian, Gabriel; Franchuk, Edward S.; Ouzounian, Nourhan (2005). The Heritage of Armenian Literature: From the eighteenth century to modern times. 3. Detroit: Wayne State University Press. pp. 559–560. ISBN 9780814332214.