The Hotchkiss machine gun was any of a line of products developed and sold by Hotchkiss et Cie, (full name Société Anonyme des Anciens Etablissements Hotchkiss et Cie), established by United States gunsmith Benjamin B. Hotchkiss. Hotchkiss moved to France and set up a factory, first at Viviez near Rodez in 1867, then at Saint-Denis near Paris in 1875 manufacturing arms used by the French in the Franco-Prussian War.
At the turn of the twentieth century, the company introduced the gas-actuated Hotchkiss machine gun, a sturdy and reliable weapon which was widely used during World War I and thereafter by the French Army. Weapons manufactured in the Hotchkiss machine gun line include:
- Hotchkiss 1897 machine gun
- Hotchkiss M1909, light machine gun also known as the "Hotchkiss Mark I" in British service and the "Benét–Mercié" in American service.
- Hotchkiss M1914, medium machine gun
- Hotchkiss 37mm, autocannon based on the m1897-m1914 model
- Hotchkiss M1922, light machine gun
- Hotchkiss M1929, heavy machine gun
- 25 mm Hotchkiss anti-aircraft gun, autocannon but sometimes referred to as a machine gun
- Hotchkiss Type Universal submachine gun
The Hothckiss design was also used on foreign productions:
- The Japanese Type 3 heavy machine gun
- The Type 11 light machine gun
- The Type 92 heavy machine gun
- The Italian Breda Model 1931 machine gun
- The Polish Ckm wz. 25 Hotchkiss
- The Modified Hotchkiss machine gun, a Greek modification used in World War II
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Hotchkiss machine gun.|
- An Instructor (29 March 2012). Complete Guide to the Hotchkiss Machine Gun. Andrews UK Limited. pp. 11–. ISBN 978-1-78151-265-4.
- "Hotchkiss 37mm autocannon on a field mount, early... - Armies of a Genteel Age". Armies of a Genteel Age. Retrieved 2018-11-12.
- Ezell, Edward Clinton (1988). Personal firepower. The Illustrated history of the Vietnam War 15. Bantam Books. pp. 47-49. OCLC 1036801376.