Herzl Shekhterman Shafir
|Born||July 10, 1929|
Tel Aviv, Mandatory Palestine
|Years of service||1947 - December 31, 1980|
|Other work||General Commissioner of Israel Police|
Herzl Shekhterman Shafir (Hebrew: הרצל שפיר; Born July 10, 1929) was an Israel Defense Forces Major General, head of the Manpower Directorate, head of Israel's Southern Command, and later assistant head of the Operations Directorate. He later served as the 7th General Commissioner of Israel Police.
Youth and military service
Herzl Shafir was born in Tel Aviv in 1929. He is the younger brother of Avraham Shekhterman, a former member of the Knesset for Gahal and Likud between 1969 and 1977. Shafir attended the Tachkemoni School at Mikveh Israel and the Maritime School at the Technion in Haifa. In 1947 Shafir enlisted in the Palmach and took part in numerous activities with its third battalion, including the assault on Metzudat Koach.
After joining the Israel Defense Forces, Shafir completed an officers' course and served as an instructor at the officers academy. In 1950 he was discharged from regular service in the army and began serving as an infantry company commander with the reserves. That same year, at the age of 21, he became the first reserve officer to complete the battalion commanders course. He returned to permanent service the following year and was appointed operations officer of a reserve brigade. Between 1951 and 1952 he served as the operations officer of Southern Command and commanded a reconnaissance company. After transferring to the Armored Corps, Shafir led an armor company and went on to become the corps' operations officer. During the 1956 Sinai War, Shafir was the operations officer of the 77th Division.
In 1959 Shafir attended the British Army's Staff College at Camberley. After returning to Israel he was appointed commander of the armor school, commander of the 7th Armored Brigade and deputy commander of the Armored Corps. He undertook undergraduate studies in Geography and Economics at the Hebrew University.
Prior to the Six-Day War Shafir was appointed deputy commander and chief of staff to Israel Tal at the 84th Division. After the war he served as chief of staff of Central Command and in 1969 he was appointed assistant head of the Operations Directorate. In 1972 he was given the emergency posting of commander of the 143rd Division. In September of the same year he was appointed head of the Manpower Directorate and was promoted to Major General. He served in that role during the Yom Kippur War. In April 1974 he was appointed head of the General Staff Department, and in March 1976 the commander of the Southern Command. In 1978, towards the end of his military service, Shafir want on study leave in the United States.
Israeli police commissioner office
On January 1, 1980 Shafir was appointed General Commissioner of the Israel Police. As commissioner, Shafir introduced various policies and protocols that were widely used in the IDF in order to improve the quality of serving police. On December 31, 1980, Shafir was dismissed from his job by the Interior Minister Yosef Burg after allegations of misconduct. Yosef Burg accused Shafir of planting a false story in the press in order to help his investigation of Religious Affairs Minister Aharon Abuhatzira, who was suspected of taking bribes. Yosef Burg accused Shafir, claiming he was turning Israel into a police state and using "a Goebbels tactic", referencing Joseph Goebbels, Hitler's propaganda chief.
According to Shafir, the layoffs were made against the police handling of corruption of elected officials from his party's Minister of the Interior and the police. The case became known as "Peach Bag". "Peach Bag" never matured into specific charges and attribute this to the dismissal of police commissioner Shafir. Shafir eventually admitted that he had leaked false information to the press on the investigation of the government minister, however he rejected all other allegations.
Since retiring from the police, Shafir served as chairman and member of several public committees, including:
- Shafir Committee – appointed by the Chief of Staff Ehud Barak on 1992, to examine the optimal utilization of military personnel and recommend ways to reduce the active reserve duty days and shortening of compulsory service in the future.
- Shafir Committee – appointed by the Environmental Protection Ministry Gideon Ezra to examine the preparation and processing of hazardous materials during emergencies.
- "ארכיון צה"ל ומערכת הביטחון - עדויות ועדת אגרנט" (in Hebrew). Ministry of Defense. Retrieved 24 January 2014.
- Eilam, Uzi (2011). Eilam's Arc: How Israel Became a Military Technology Powerhouse. Sussex Academic Press. p. 133. ISBN 9781845194628.
- "דרגת אלוף לש. להט, מפקד הכוחות המשוריינים בסיני" (in Hebrew). Davar. August 1, 1969. Retrieved 24 January 2014.
- "מינויים והעלאות בצה"ל". Davar. August 1, 1969. Retrieved 24 January 2014.
- "הרצל שפיר נתמנה ראש אכ"א ואלוף (Part 2)". Davar. September 1, 1972. Retrieved 24 January 2014.
- "הרצל שפיר נתמנה ��אש אכ"א ואלוף". Davar (in Hebrew). September 1, 1972. Retrieved 24 January 2014.
- Nachman Ben-Yehuda (1990). The Politics and Morality of Deviance: Moral Panics, Drug Abuse, Deviant Science, and Reversed Stigmatization. SUNY Press. p. 224. ISBN 9780791401224.
- "Israeli scandal brings more sparks". Wilmington Morning Star. Associated Press. Jan 1, 1981. Retrieved 24 January 2014.
- Eva Etzioni-Halevy (2013). Bureaucracy and Democracy (Routledge Library Editions: Political Science Volume 7). Routledge. p. 219. ISBN 9781135027308.
- Oren, Amir (Jan 22, 2012). "IDF must become more transparent". Haaretz (in Hebrew). Retrieved 24 January 2014.