Hans Günter Rosenthal
2 April 1925
|Died||10 February 1987 (aged 61)|
Berlin (West Berlin)
Rosenthal grew up in a Jewish family on Winsstraße No. 63, in the Prenzlauer Berg district of Berlin. His childhood was marked by an aggressive antisemitic atmosphere, the result of rising German Nazism. His father died of kidney failure in 1937 after he had lost his job at Deutsche Bank AG. When his mother died of colorectal cancer in 1941, Hans and his younger brother Gert (born 1932) found themselves in the orphanage. Starting in 1940, Hans was forced to participate in unfree labour, while his brother was deported and like many other relatives died in the Holocaust. After Hans escaped the last deportation of German Jews (German: Fabrikaktion) in February 1943, he went into hiding and until 1945 was able to stay at a safe house in a small garden allotment in Berlin-Lichtenberg, where three German women helped him to survive.
After the war, Rosenthal began an apprenticeship as an assistant director at Berliner Rundfunk, a public broadcaster. However, he soon came into conflict with the supervisors of the Soviet Military Administration and from 1948 onwards worked for the Rundfunk im amerikanischen Sektor (RIAS), a broadcaster controlled by the American occupying forces. He became chief entertainment editor and soon began hosting his own radio quiz shows: Allein gegen alle, Wer fragt, gewinnt, Das klingende Sonntagsrätsel, Spaß muß sein (broadcast from London's Paris Theatre during the 1966 FIFA World Cup), Opas Schlagerfestival, Da ist man sprachlos, Die Rückblende and Die Insulaner. Later on the German ZDF public television channel, he presented shows like Gut gefragt ist halb gewonnen, Rate mal mit Rosenthal, KO OK, Das Schlagerfestival der 20er Jahre, and Dalli Dalli, a co-production with ORF, an Austrian broadcaster.
The most popular of these, the TV show Dalli, Dalli (derived from Kashubian: dali, dali! or Polish: dalej!, "Hurry Up!"), aired 153 times from 1971 to 1986. Celebrities had to compete in several fast-paced quiz rounds and games of skill, critiqued by a panel of judges. Even today, Rosenthal is known in Germany for his catchphrase Sie sind der Meinung, das war ... ? ("So you all think that was... ?") when he thought something impressive had been done. The TV audience then answered Spitze! ("Great!"), at which point Rosenthal would jump into the air. Because he was not tall, he was often referred to affectionately as Hänschen Rosenthal (literally "Little Hans").
He was a member of the Central Council of Jews in Germany from the 1960s onwards. He often took his vacation in Utersum on the island of Föhr, of which he was eventually made an honorary citizen. From 1965 until 1973 Rosenthal was chairman of the Tennis Borussia Berlin football club. Rosenthal started a foundation called Schnelle Hilfe in Akuter Not (which roughly translates as "Fast Help in Dire Need").
In 1980, Rosenthal published his autobiography Zwei Leben in Deutschland ("Two Lives in Germany"). In 1986, along with Paul Spiegel, he started an international media agency, which promoted actors, TV presenters and artists. In the same year Rosenthal fell ill with stomach cancer and was no longer able to work as a TV host. He died in 1987 in Berlin, aged 61.
- 1972 – Federal Cross of Merit (Bundesverdienstkreuz)
- 1973 – Bambi
- 1974 – Goldene Kamera
- 1979 – Goldene Kamera
- 1984 – Goldene Kamera
- 1985 – Goldene Europa
- 1986 – Telestar
- 1993 – The square in front of the RIAS building (now the home of Deutschlandradio Kultur) in Berlin-Schöneberg was named Hans-Rosenthal-Platz
- 2007 – A sports center in Berlin-Westend was named Hans-Rosenthal-Sportanlage
- Brenner, M.; Harshav, B. (1999). After the Holocaust: Rebuilding Jewish Lives in Postwar Germany. Princeton University Press. p. 183. ISBN 978-0-691-00679-6. Retrieved 11 January 2021.
Hans Rosenthal (1925–1987), perhaps the best-known Jew in postwar Germany, was one of the most popular German television masters-of-ceremony. Rosenthal, who had survived the war in hiding in Berlin, was actively engaged in Jewish ...
- Meyer, B.; Simon, H.; Schütz, C. (2009). Jews in Nazi Berlin: From Kristallnacht to Liberation. Studies in German-Jewish Cultural History and Literature, Franz Rosenzweig Minerva Research Center, Hebrew University of Jerusalem. University of Chicago Press. p. 302. ISBN 978-0-226-52159-6. Retrieved 11 January 2021.
- Luisenstädtischer Bildungsverein (2001). Berlinische Monatsschrift (in German). Luisenstädtischer Bildungsverein e. V. p. 218. Retrieved 11 January 2021.
Direktoriumsmitglied des Zentralrates der Juden in Deutschland. Er erhielt 1972 das Bundesverdienstkreuz. Der Platz vor dem RIAS – Gebäude erhielt den Namen Hans-Rosenthal-Platz.
- Johann, K. (2003). Grenze und Halt: der Einzelne im "Haus der Regeln" : zur deutschsprachigen Internatsliteratur. Beiträge zur neueren Literaturgeschichte (in German). Winter. p. 531. ISBN 978-3-8253-1599-3. Retrieved 11 January 2021.
... Deutschland beschreiben und in denen Internate und Waisenhäuser ebenfalls eine Rolle spielen. So beschreibt der spätere Fernsehmoderator Hans Rosenthal in seiner Autobiographie "Zwei Leben in Deutschland" (1980), wie er 1941 ...
- Adler, C.; Szold, H.; American Jewish Committee; Jewish Publication Society of America (1995). American Jewish Year Book. American Jewish Committee. p. 323. ISBN 978-0-87495-108-0. Retrieved 11 January 2021.
In Berlin the square in front of RIAS ( Radio in the American Sector ) was renamed for Hans Rosenthal , a popular Jewish television personality who died in 1987.
- Leonard Gross : The Last Jews in Berlin, Simon & Schuster, USA 1982, ISBN 0-283-99004-X
- Thomas Henschke: Hans Rosenthal. Ein Leben für die Unterhaltung. Schwarzkopf u. Schwarzkopf, Berlin 1999, ISBN 3-89602-307-1
- Michael Schäbitz, Paul Spiegel, Curth Flatow: Hans Rosenthal. Deutschlands unvergessener Quizmaster; bewusster, stolzer Jude. Jüdische Miniaturen, Band 19. Stiftung Neue Synagoge Berlin – Centrum Iudaicum / Hentrich and Hentrich, Teetz 2004, ISBN 3-933471-73-7