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The grand master of the Knights Templar was the supreme commander of the holy order, starting with founder Hugues de Payens in 1118. Some held the office for life while others resigned life in monasteries or diplomacy. Grand masters often led their knights into battle on the front line and the numerous occupational hazards of battle made some tenures very short.
Each country had its own master, and the masters reported to the grand master. He oversaw all of the operations of the order, including both the military operations in the Holy Land and Eastern Europe, and the financial and business dealings in the order's infrastructure of Western Europe. The grand master controlled the actions of the order but he was expected to act the same way as the rest of the knights. After the Pope issued a bull on behalf of the Templars, the grand master was obliged to answer only to him.
List of grand masters
|#||Arms||Name||Time in office|
|1||Hugues de Payens||1118–1136|
|2||Robert de Craon||1136–1147|
|3||Everard des Barres||1147–1151|
|4||Bernard de Tremelay †||1151–1153|
|5||André de Montbard||1153–1156|
|6||Bertrand de Blanchefort||1156–1169|
|7||Philip of Nablus||1169–1171|
|8||Odo de St Amand (POW)||1171–1179|
|9||Arnold of Torroja||1181–1184|
|10||Gerard de Ridefort †||1185–1189|
|11||Robert de Sablé||1191–1193|
|13||Phillipe de Plessis||1201–1208|
|14||Guillaume de Chartres||1209–1219|
|15||Pedro de Montaigu||1218–1232|
|16||Armand de Lavoie (POW)||1232–1244|
|17||Richard de Bures[b]||1245–1247|
|18||Guillaume de Sonnac †||1247–1250|
|19||Renaud de Vichiers||1250–1256|
|21||Guillaume de Beaujeu †||1273–1291|
|23||Jacques de Molay||1292–1314|
- Wapenboek Beyeren (armorial)—KB79K21—folios 001v (left) and 002r (right). Wikimedia Commons. Retrieved February 7, 2021.
- Armand de Perigord (1178–1247). www.templiers.org. Retrieved February 7, 2021.