|Acting Chairman of the Senate Democratic Caucus|
November 12, 1919 – April 27, 1920
|Deputy||Peter G. Gerry|
|Preceded by||Thomas S. Martin|
|Succeeded by||Oscar Underwood (Senate Democratic Leader)|
|United States Senator|
March 4, 1911 – March 3, 1923
|Preceded by||Elmer Burkett|
|Succeeded by||Robert B. Howell|
|Member of the U.S. House of Representatives|
from Nebraska's 2nd district
March 4, 1907 – March 3, 1911
|Preceded by||John L. Kennedy|
|Succeeded by||Charles O. Lobeck|
March 4, 1903 – March 3, 1905
|Preceded by||David Henry Mercer|
|Succeeded by||John L. Kennedy|
Gilbert Monell Hitchcock
September 18, 1859
Omaha, Nebraska, U.S.
|Died||February 3, 1934 (aged 74)|
Washington, D.C., U.S.
|Resting place||Forest Lawn Memorial Park|
(m. 1883; died 1925)
|Relatives||Lorenzo Crounse (Father-in-law)|
|Education||University of Michigan, Ann Arbor (LLB)|
Life and career
Born in Omaha, Nebraska, Hitchcock was the son of U.S. Senator Phineas Warren Hitchcock of Nebraska. He attended the public schools of Omaha and the gymnasium at Baden-Baden, Germany. He graduated in 1881 from the law department of the University of Michigan at Ann Arbor, where he was admitted to the Zeta Psi fraternity; he was then admitted to the bar and commenced practice in Omaha in 1882. He continued the practice of law until 1885, when he established and edited the Omaha Evening World; four years later, he purchased the Nebraska Morning Herald and consolidated the two into the morning and evening editions of the Omaha World-Herald.
His first wife died on May 8, 1925, and on June 1, 1927 he married Martha Harris, of Memphis, TN.
Hitchcock was an unsuccessful Democratic candidate for the Congress in 1898; four years later, he was elected as a Democrat to the Fifty-eighth Congress (March 4, 1903 – March 3, 1905). He was an unsuccessful candidate for reelection in 1904 to the Fifty-ninth Congress. Hitchcock was elected as a Democrat to the Sixtieth and Sixty-first Congresses (March 4, 1907 – March 3, 1911).
He did not seek renomination in 1910, having become a candidate for the United States Senate. Hitchcock was elected as a Democrat to the Senate by the legislature on January 18, 1911; he was reelected (by direct election) in 1916 and served from March 4, 1911, to March 3, 1923. During his two terms, he was the chairman of the Committee on the Philippines (Sixty-third through Sixty-fifth Congresses), the Committee on Foreign Relations (a portion of the Sixty-fifth Congress), and the Committee on Forest Reservations and Game Protection (Sixty-sixth Congress). As Chairman of the Foreign Relations Committee, he was a leading advocate of the League of Nations  and the Treaty of Versailles.
Hitchcock was an unsuccessful candidate for reelection in 1922 and for election in 1930. After the end of his Senate service, he resumed newspaper work in Omaha. He retired from active business in 1933 and moved to Washington, D.C., where he died on February 3, 1934. He was interred in Forest Lawn Memorial Park in Omaha. Gilbert M. Hitchcock Elementary School and Hitchcock Park in Omaha were named in his honor.
The newspaper was then led by his son-in-law Henry Doorly, husband of Hitchcock's daughter Margaret.
- "Nebraska Democrat dies in Washington". Kentucky New Era. Hopkinsville. Associated Press. February 3, 1934. p. 1.
- Baird, William Raymond (1915). Baird's Manual of American College Fraternities, pp.349-355
- Walter, Katherine. "Early Nebraska Journalists". Nebraska Newspapers. University of Nebraska-Lincoln.
- "G.M. Hitchcock, 74, Ex-Senator, Dead". timesmachine.nytimes.com. February 3, 1934. p. 13. Retrieved September 25, 2020.
- "Biography: Gilbert Monell Hitchcock". Retrieved 2009-10-15.
- "Hitchcock, Gilbert Monell". Retrieved 2009-10-15.
- "Omaha Public Schools". Archived from the original on 2009-03-23. Retrieved 2009-10-15.
- "Gilbert M. Hitchcock papers, 1910-1935". Library of Congress.
- "Gilbert Monell Hitchcock, 1859-1934 [RG3640.AM]". History Nebraska.
- Ryley, Thomas W. Gilbert Hitchcock of Nebraska — Wilson's Floor Leader in the Fight for the Versailles Treaty. New York: The Edward *Mellen Press, 1998
- Patterson, Robert. “Gilbert M. Hitchcock: A Story of Two Careers.” Ph.D. dissertation, University of Colorado, 1940
- Wimer, Kurt. “Senator Hitchcock and the League of Nations.” Nebraska History 44 (September 1963): 189-204.
|Wikisource has original works written by or about:|
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Gilbert Hitchcock.|
- United States Congress. "Gilbert Hitchcock (id: H000645)". Biographical Directory of the United States Congress.
- Gilbert Hitchcock at Find a Grave