|Grand Duke of Mecklenburg-Strelitz|
|Reign||6 September 1860 – 30 May 1904|
|Successor||Adolphus Frederick V|
|Born||17 October 1819|
Neustrelitz, Grand Duchy of Mecklenburg-Strelitz
|Died||30 May 1904 (aged 84)|
Neustrelitz, Mecklenburg-Strelitz, German Empire
|Burial||6 June 1904|
|Issue||Duke Frederick William |
Adolphus Frederick V, Grand Duke of Mecklenburg-Strelitz
|Father||George, Grand Duke of Mecklenburg-Strelitz|
|Mother||Princess Marie of Hesse-Kassel|
He was born in Neustrelitz, the son of Grand Duke Georg of Mecklenburg-Strelitz and Princess Marie of Hesse-Kassel. He spent his youth in Neustrelitz and later went to study history and jurisprudence in University of Bonn where he befriended Prince Albert of Saxe-Coburg and Gotha. After finishing his studies, he went travelling to Italy and Switzerland. He became a Doctor of Civil Law of the University of Oxford.
Friedrich Wilhelm succeeded as Grand Duke on the death of his father on 6 September 1860. During his reign, Mecklenburg-Strelitz became a member first of the North German Confederation and then the German Empire. Friedrich Wilhelm was a large land owner with more than half of the entire grand duchy, his personal property.
He died at Neustrelitz on 30 May 1904 and was succeeded by his only son, who became Adolf Friedrich V.
Marriage and children
Friedrich Wilhelm was married on 28 June 1843 at Buckingham Palace to his first cousin, Princess Augusta of Cambridge, a member of the British Royal Family and a granddaughter of King George III. The two were also second cousins on their fathers' side. They had two sons:
- Duke Frederick William of Mecklenburg-Strelitz (born and died in London, 13 January 1845).
- Duke Adolphus Frederick of Mecklenburg-Strelitz (1848–1914); succeeded his father as Adolphus Frederick V, Grand Duke of Mecklenburg-Strelitz.
Titles, styles and honours
Titles and styles
- 17 October 1819 – 6 September 1860: His Royal Highness The Hereditary Grand Duke of Mecklenburg-Strelitz
- 6 September 1860 – 30 May 1904: His Royal Highness The Grand Duke of Mecklenburg-Strelitz
- German honours
- Nassau: Knight of the Gold Lion of Nassau, August 1865
- Ascanian duchies: Grand Cross of Albert the Bear, 30 May 1862
- Brunswick: Grand Cross of Henry the Lion
- Ernestine duchies: Grand Cross of the Saxe-Ernestine House Order, 1877
- Hesse-Kassel: Grand Cross of the Golden Lion, 18 December 1844
- Hesse and by Rhine: Grand Cross of the Ludwig Order, 6 September 1860
- Oldenburg: Grand Cross of the Order of Duke Peter Friedrich Ludwig, with Golden Crown, 23 August 1863
- Saxony: Knight of the Rue Crown
- Foreign honours
- Austrian Empire: Grand Cross of St. Stephen, 1860
- Denmark: Knight of the Elephant, 17 October 1860
- Kingdom of Greece: Grand Cross of the Redeemer
- Principality of Montenegro: Grand Cross of the Order of Danilo I
- Netherlands: Grand Cross of the Netherlands Lion
- United Principalities of Romania: Grand Cross of the Star of Romania
- Russian Empire:
- Principality of Serbia: Grand Cross of the Cross of Takovo
- Sweden-Norway: Knight of the Seraphim, 19 October 1860
- United Kingdom:
|Ancestors of Frederick William, Grand Duke of Mecklenburg-Strelitz|
- Gill, Gillian (2009). We Two: Victoria and Albert: Rulers, Partners, Rivals. New York: Ballatine Books. ISBN 978-0-345-52001-2.
- "Wealthiest Grand Duke dead" (PDF). New York Times. 1904-05-31. Retrieved 2007-10-23.
- "Six Cents to Every Subject". New York Times. 1903-07-05. Retrieved 2007-11-08.
- "The London Gazette, Issue 20239, Page 2242". 4 July 1843.
- "The London Gazette, Issue 26947, Page 1696". 14 March 1898.
- Grossherzoglich Mecklenburg-Schwerinscher Staatskalendar, 1902, p. 6
- Königlich Preussische Ordensliste (in German), 1, Berlin, 1886, pp. 4, 935
- Hof- und Staats-Handbuch des Königreich Hannover (1865), "Königliche Orden und Ehrenzeichen" p. 38
- Staats- und Adreß-Handbuch des Herzogthums Nassau (1866), "Herzogliche Orden" p. 9
- Hof- und Staats-Handbuch des Herzogtum Anhalt (1867) "Herzoglicher Haus-orden Albrecht des Bären" p. 18
- Staatshandbücher für das Herzogtum Sachsen-Coburg und Gotha (1884), "Herzogliche Sachsen-Ernestinischer Hausorden" p. 32
- Hof- und Staats-Handbuch des Großherzogtum Hessen (1879), "Großherzogliche Orden und Ehrenzeichen" p. 44
- Hof- und Staats-Handbuch ... Hessen (1879), "Großherzogliche Orden und Ehrenzeichen" p. 11
- Hof- und Staatshandbuch des Großherzogtums Oldenburg: für das Jahr 1878, "Der Großherzogliche Haus-und Verdienst Orden" p. 33
- "A Szent István Rend tagjai" Archived 22 December 2010 at the Wayback Machine
- Jørgen Pedersen (2009). Riddere af Elefantordenen, 1559–2009 (in Danish). Syddansk Universitetsforlag. p. 466. ISBN 978-87-7674-434-2.
- Acović, Dragomir (2012). Slava i čast: Odlikovanja među Srbima, Srbi među odlikovanjima. Belgrade: Službeni Glasnik. p. 607.
- "Sveriges statskalender (1877) p.368" (in Swedish). Retrieved 2018-01-06 – via runeberg.org.
- Shaw, Wm. A. (1906) The Knights of England, I, London, p. 208
- Shaw, p. 61
- "The Gentleman's Magazine". F. Jefferies. 1862. p. 350.