The following is a chronological list of mayors of Hamburg, a city-state in Germany. The mayors are the head of the city-state, part of the government of Hamburg. Since 1861 according to the constitution of 28 September 1860 the state has been governed by the ten-member Senate, which had been called council (in the German language of that time: Rath) before that time. It is headed by the First Mayor of Hamburg (German title: Erster Bürgermeister der Freien und Hansestadt Hamburg) as the President of the Senate. His deputy is the Second Mayor.
As Hamburg for much of its history was a free imperial city and later a sovereign state, the position of First Mayor historically was equivalent to that of a sovereign head of state. In the 1871–1918 German Empire, the Hamburg First Mayor was equivalent to the federal princes of the 23 German monarchies (4 of whom holding the title King and the others holding titles such as Grand Duke, Duke or Sovereign Prince). Since 1918, his position is equivalent to that of the ministers-president of the (West) German states.
Prior to World War I the two mayors were elected for one-year-terms. Until 1997 the First Mayor was primus inter pares among his colleagues in the Senate, by whom he was elected. Since then, he has been elected by the Hamburg Parliament (German: Hamburgische Bürgerschaft) and been able to appoint and dismiss other Senators.
The function of burgomaster (mayor) was usually held simultaneously by three persons, serving as an executive college. One of the three being burgomaster in chief for a year, the second being the prior burgomaster in chief, the third being the upcoming one. Therefore, sometimes up to three names are mentioned for one year, since the names of the three appear in deeds, signed with or mentioning their names. The names in the list from 1239 until 1820 were archived in a book by Johann August Meister (1820). This is an incomplete list of burgomasters and uses the spelling in Meister's book, which is preserved in the Hamburg state library. After 1820 the list were added by hand. On 6 August 1806 Hamburg gained sovereignty as an independent country. From 1811 to 1814 Hamburg was part of France in the Bouches-de-l'Elbe.
If another reference is not noted, all mayors are taken from: Domizlaff. Das Hamburger Rathaus.
|Hartwicus de Erteneborch||1293|
|Werner de Metzendorp||1293|
|Johann, filius Oseri||1300|
|Johann de Monte||1325|
|Henricus de Hetfield||1325|
|Nicolaus de Monte||1341|
|Thidericus uppen Perde||1343|
|Thidericus uppen Perde||1350|
|Henricus de Monte||1356|
|Henricus Hoyeri||1361||Also known as Hein Hoyer|
|Werner de Wighersen||1367|
|Ludolfus de Holdenstedte||1375|
|Christian Militis||1378||Also known as Kersten Miles|
|Henricus (Heino) Ybing||1381|
|Henricus de Monte||1413|
|Johannes Wighe (Wye)||1420|
|Vicco de Hove||1431|
|Simon van Utrecht||1433|
|Erich de Tzevena||1464|
|Nicolaus de Schworen||1480|
|Erich von Tzeven||1499|
|Bartholomäus vom Rhyne||1505|
|Marquard vam Lo||1507–1519|||
|unoccupied||1519–1520||Second Mayor was Dietrich [Thidericus?] Hohusen (1517–1546)|
|Erhard vom Holte||1520–1529||Also Gerhard vom Holte|
|Peter von Spreckelsen||1538– 1553|||
|unoccupied||1580–1581||Second Mayor was Paul Grote (1580–1584)|
|Joachim vom Kape||1588|
|Diedrich von Eitzen||1589|
|unoccupied||1590–1591||Second Mayor: Joachim von Kape (1588–1594)|
|Erich von der Fechte||1591–1613|||
|Diederich vom Holte||1595|
|unoccupied||1613–1614||Second Mayor: Hieronymus Vögeler (1609–1642)|
|Sebastian von Bergen||1614–1623|||
|Albert von Eitzen||1623|
|unoccupied||1649–1650||Second Mayor: Bartholomäus Moller (1643–1667)|
|Heinrich Meurer||1678–1684||(First term)|
|Heinrich Meurer||1686||(1688–1690) Second term|
|Hieronimus Harticus Moller||1697|
|Peter von Lengerke (or Lengerks)||1697–1709|||
|Lucas von Borstel||1709–1716|||
|Hinrich Diedrich Wiese||1720–1728||(or Heinrich Dietrich Wiese)|
|Hans Jacob Faber||1722|
|Martin Lucas Schele||1733|
|Johann H. Luis||1739|
|Clemens Samuel Lipstrop||1749|
|Lucas von Spreckelsen||1750|
|Martin H. Schele||1751|
|Jacob Albrecht von Sienen||1781|
|Johann Adolph Poppe||1786|
|Franz Anton Wagener||1790–1801|||
|Peter Hinrich Widow||1800–1802|
|Friedrich von Graffen||1801–1810||First term|
|Johann Arnold Heise||1807|
|Amandus Augustus Abendroth||1811–1813||Not included in the Meister's book.|
|Friedrich von Graffen||1815–1820||Second term|
|Christian Matthias Schröder||1816|
|Johann Heinrich Bartels||1820–1850|
|Johann Daniel Koch||1821|
|Martin Garlieb Sillem||1829|
|Amandus Augustus Abendroth||1831|
|Martin H. Schötteringk||1832|
|Christian Daniel Benecke||1835|
|Johann Ludwig Dammert||1843|
|unoccupied||1850–1861||Second Mayor: Christian Daniel Benecke (1835–1851)|
Third Mayor: Heinrich Kellinghusen (1842–1880)
Fourth Mayor: Nicolaus Binder (1855–1861)
After the constitutional changes of 1860–1919
Since 1860 Hamburg had a constitution. Members of the Hamburg senate were elected by the Hamburg Parliament—not coopted by the existing senate. They were lifelong members of the senate. From the three eldest and juristic trained members the senate elected annually the First Mayor of Hamburg (German title: Erster Bürgermeister der Freien und Hansestadt Hamburg) – the presiding head – and his deputy (Second Mayor of the Free and Hanseatic city of Hamburg, German title: Zweiter Bürgermeister der Freien und Hansestadt Hamburg).
- Description of the method
|Year||First mayor||Second mayor||„sabbatical year"|
|1||Senator A||Senator B||Senator C|
|2||Senator B||Senator C||Senator A|
|3||Senator C||Senator A||Senator B|
|4||Senator A||Senator B||Senator C|
All mayors are taken from Domizlaff: Das Hamburger Rathaus and are listed in Erste Bürgermeister Hamburgs 1507–2008, only changes in dates are marked by an added reference.
Weimar Republic 1919–1933
During the German Revolution of 1918–1919 an Arbeiter- und Soldatenrat (Council of the Workers and Soldiers) was formed. From 12 November 1918 to 1919, a chairman was the head of state and city government: Heinrich Lauffenberg (−1919), Carl Hense (1919). This is not mentioned in Domizlaff: Das Hamburger Rathaus. The period in Germany after the First World War until the takeover of power – by the Nazi Party in 1933 – is called Weimar Republic. The Hamburg Parliament was democratically elected.
- First Mayor of Hamburg
|Werner von Melle||31 March 1919 – 31 December 1919||(−1920)|
|Friedrich Sthamer||1 January 1920 – 1 February 1920|
|Arnold Diestel||German Democratic Party (DDP)||2 February 1920 – 31 December 1923||(−1924)|
|Carl Wilhelm Petersen||DDP||1 January 1924 – 31 December 1929|
|Rudolf Ross||Social Democratic Party (SPD)||1 January 1930 – 31 December 1931|
|Carl Wilhelm Petersen||DDP||1 January 1932 – 7 March 1933|
- Second Mayor
|Otto Stolten||SPD||31 March 1919 – 1925|
|Max Schramm||SPD||1925 – 4 April 1928|
|Rudolf Ross||SPD||5 April 1928 – 31 December 1929|
|Carl Wilhelm Petersen||DDP||1 January 1930 – 31 December 1931|
|Rudolf Ross||SPD||1 January 1932 – 3 March 1933|
Third Reich 1933–1945
In Nazi Germany the Gesetz über den Neuaufbau des Reiches (Law concerning the reconstruction of the Reich) (30 January 1934) abandoned the concept of a federal republic. The political institutions of the Länder were practically abolished altogether, passing all powers to the central government. The Hamburg Parliament had been dissolved. The First Mayor was appointed by the Reich Interior Minister, though Hitler himself reserved the right to appoint him (as was also the case with Berlin and Vienna). The real head of the Hamburg executive was the Reichsstatthalter (Regional governor or imperial governor) Karl Kaufmann: 1933–1945.
|Carl Vincent Krogmann||NSDAP||8 March 1933 – 3 May 1945||(−1936)|
- Second Mayor
|Wilhelm Amsinck Burchard-Motz||DVP||8 March – 18 May 1933|
Colonel Robert Gordon Kitchen VI, Governor of Hamburg during the control of the British Army 1945–1946.
Appointed by the British occupation forces 1945–1946
|Rudolf Hieronymus Petersen||Christian Democratic Union (CDU)||15 May 1945 – 22 November 1946|
- Second Mayor
|Adolph Schönfelder||SPD||6 June 1945 – 15 November 1946|
|Max Brauer||SPD||22 November 1946 – 2 December 1953|
|Kurt Sieveking||CDU||2 December 1953 – 4 December 1957|
|Max Brauer||SPD||4 December 1957 – 31 December 1960|
|Paul Nevermann||SPD||1 January 1961 – 9 June 1965|
|Herbert Weichmann||SPD||9 June 1965 – 9 June 1971|
|Peter Schulz||SPD||9 June 1971 – 4 November 1974|
|Hans-Ulrich Klose||SPD||12 November 1974 – 22 May 1981|||
|Klaus von Dohnanyi||SPD||24 June 1981 – 8 June 1988|||
|Henning Voscherau||SPD||8 June 1988 – 8 October 1997|||
|Ortwin Runde||SPD||12 November 1997 – 31 October 2001|||
|Ole von Beust||CDU||31 October 2001 – 25 August 2010|||
|Christoph Ahlhaus||CDU||25 August 2010 – 7 March 2011|
|Olaf Scholz||SPD||7 March 2011 – 13 March 2018|
|Katharina Fegebank||Alliance 90/The Greens||13 March 2018 - 28 March 2018|
|Peter Tschentscher||SPD||Since 28 March 2018||Incumbent|
- Second Mayor
|Christian Koch||Free Democratic Party (FDP)||19 November 1946 – 18 February 1950|
|Paul Nevermann||SPD||24 February 1950 – 2 December 1953|
|Edgar Engelhard||FDP||2 December 1953 – 27 April 1966|
|Wilhelm Drexelius||27 April 1966 – 2 April 1970|
|Peter Schulz||SPD||22 April 1970 – 9 June 1971|
|Helmuth Kern||SPD||9 June 1971 – 3 October 1972|
|Hans Rau||FDP||3 October 1972 – 30 April 1974|
|Dieter Biallas||FDP||30 April 1974 – 28 June 1978|
|Helga Elstner||SPD||28 June 1978 – 13 June 1984|
|Alfons Pawelczyk||SPD||13 June 1984 – 2 September 1987|
|Ingo von Münch||FDP||2 September 1987 – 26 June 1991|
|Hans-Jürgen Krupp||SPD||26 June 1991 – 1 December 1993|
|Erhard Rittershaus||STATT||15 December 1993 – 12 November 1997|
|Krista Sager||GAL||12 November 1997 – 31 October 2001|||
|Ronald B. Schill||Partei Rechtsstaatlicher Offensive (PRO)||31 October 2001 – 19 August 2003|||
|Mario Mettbach||PRO||21 August 2003 – 17 March 2004|||
|Birgit Schnieber-Jastram||CDU||17 March 2004 – 7 May 2008|||
|Christa Goetsch||GAL||7 May 2008 – 29 November 2010|||
|Dietrich Wersich||CDU||30 November 2010 – 7 March 2011|
|Dorothee Stapelfeldt||SPD||7 March 2011 – 15 April 2015|
|Katharina Fegebank||Alliance '90/The Greens||Since 15 April 2015||Incumbent|
Notes and references
- Verg, Erik; Verg, Martin (2007). Das Abenteuer, das Hamburg heißt (in German) (4th ed.). Hamburg: Ellert&Richter. p. 264. ISBN 978-3-8319-0137-1.
- "Erste Bürgermeister Hamburgs 1507–2008" (PDF) (in German). Senat der Freien und Hansestadt Hamburg, Senatskanzlei. Archived (PDF) from the original on 1 March 2011. Retrieved 22 September 2009. Cite journal requires
- "Abendroth, Amandus Augustus". Leipzig: Historische Commission bei der Königl. Akademie der Wissenschaften. 1875. Archived from the original on 11 March 2011. Retrieved 2008-09-30. Retrieved from Elektronische Allgemeine Deutsche Biographie (in German) (Sütterlin script)
- Verg, pp. 161–163
- Last mayor in Domizlaff as no. 182
- "Dr Klaus von Dohnanyi". Celebrity Speakers Ltd. Archived from the original on 12 October 2008. Retrieved 6 October 2008.
- "Henning Voscherau: Langjähriger Bürgermeister Hamburgs" (in German). NDR online. Archived from the original on 11 October 2008. Retrieved 5 October 2008.
- "Katalog der Deutschen Nationalbibliothek" (in German). German National Library. Archived from the original on 19 February 2009. Retrieved 5 October 2008.
- "Schroeder's Party Appears to Lose Pivotal Vote". Archived from the original on 12 October 2008. Retrieved 6 October 2008.
- "Mayor von Beust to govern alone after victory in Hamburg election". Deutsche Welle. 2004. Archived from the original on 6 October 2008. Retrieved 13 August 2008.
- Martin Christensen. "German Parties". Archived from the original on 11 October 2008. Retrieved 6 October 2008.
- "Hamburg's conservative government collapses after another farce". City Mayors Archive. Archived from the original on 2 January 2010. Retrieved 5 October 2008.
- "Senatorin Schnieber-Jastram zieht sich zurück" (in German). Welt online. Archived from the original on 12 October 2008. Retrieved 5 October 2008.
- Sloan, Gene. "Christa Goetsch (Greens Party) newly elected ." USAtoday Cruise log. Archived from the original on 12 October 2008. Retrieved 6 October 2008.
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