Falconer, New York
|• Total||1.09 sq mi (2.83 km2)|
|• Land||1.09 sq mi (2.83 km2)|
|• Water||0.00 sq mi (0.00 km2)|
|Elevation||1,263 ft (385 m)|
| • Estimate |
|• Density||2,055.81/sq mi (793.75/km2)|
|Time zone||UTC-5 (Eastern (EST))|
|• Summer (DST)||UTC-4 (EDT)|
|GNIS feature ID||0949863|
Falconer is a village in Chautauqua County, New York, United States. The population was 2,420 at the 2010 census. Falconer is within the town of Ellicott and is on the eastern edge of the city of Jamestown.
The area now known as Falconer was inhabited by the Erie People until the mid-1600s. Five years of war with the Seneca Nation led to the Erie Nation's decimation; their people migrated and were absorbed into the Seneca community, who then inhabited this land. During the Revolutionary War, the thriving Seneca Nation sided with the losing British. In 1779, George Washington organized the Sullivan Expedition, a military campaign intended to weaken Loyalist and Haudenosaunee (Iroquois) communities. The Seneca signed the Treaty at Big Tree in 1797, surrendering most of their lands to the United States government.
By White settlers, Falconer was originally called Worksburg, after Edward Work, who purchased the land from the Holland Land Company in August 1807. The first Falconer to own the land was Robert Falconer, who bought it from Edward Work in 1836. His son, Patrick, later consolidated his land holdings in the future village. In 1874 the community received its present name, after either William T. Falconer (1850–1915) or his father Patrick, who was on the Board of Directors of the Allegheny & Pittsburg Railroad and donated a large tract of land through town to the railroad concern. This resulted in the railroad line being routed through the middle of the community. Route 380 in the village retains the name "Work Street" after the town's founder (it also now serves as a double entendre as the village's various industrial sites are on the same road and thus many people "work" there).
The village of Falconer was incorporated in 1891.
The Chadakoin River, the outlet of Chautauqua Lake, flows from Jamestown and passes through the village, meeting Cassadaga Creek to the northeast at Levant. The river system is part of the Mississippi River basin via Conewango Creek and the Allegheny River.
New York State Route 394 (east-to-west) and Chautauqua County Route 380 (north-to-south) are the primary routes through Falconer. Access to and from Interstate 86 is available via exit 13, just east of the village. County Route 65 enters the village from the southeast. Falconer is unusual among villages in the area in that its speed limit is 25 miles per hour, the lowest of any village or town in Chautauqua County; Route 394 has a 35 mile-per-hour posted speed limit.
|U.S. Decennial Census|
As of the census of 2000, there were 2,540 people, 1,109 households, and 699 families residing in the village. The population density was 2,346 people per square mile (1454.5/km2). There were 1,216 housing units at an average density of 2,346.7 per square mile (906.1/km2). The racial makeup of the village was 97.8% White, 0.6% African American, 0.5% Native American, 0.3% Asian, 0.1% from other races, and 0.7% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 1.1% of the population.
There were 1,109 households, out of which 29.4% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 46.5% were married couples living together, 11.7% had a female householder with no husband present, and 37.0% were non-families. 31.5% of all households were made up of individuals, and 15.5% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.29 and the average family size was 2.88.
In the village, the population was spread out, with 24.0% under the age of 18, 7.4% from 18 to 24, 27.0% from 25 to 44, 21.6% from 45 to 64, and 20.0% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 39.9 years. For every 100 females, there were 92.7 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 86.1 males.
The median income for a household in the village was $32,222, and the median income for a family was $41,711. Males had a median income of $34,961 versus $21,250 for females. The per capita income for the village was $15,205. About 6.2% of families and 10.1% of the population were below the poverty line, including 13.1% of those under age 18 and 12.9% of those age 65 or over.
- "2019 U.S. Gazetteer Files". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved July 27, 2020.
- "Population and Housing Unit Estimates". United States Census Bureau. May 24, 2020. Retrieved May 27, 2020.
- "Geographic Identifiers: 2010 Demographic Profile Data (G001): Falconer village, New York". U.S. Census Bureau, American Factfinder. Archived from the original on February 12, 2020. Retrieved November 10, 2014.
- "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2006-12-07. Retrieved 2006-11-20.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
- "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. Retrieved 2011-04-23.
- "Census of Population and Housing". Census.gov. Retrieved June 4, 2015.
- "U.S. Census website". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31.