FIPS 137, originally issued as FED-STD-1015, is a secure telephony speech encoding standard for Linear Predictive Coding vocoder developed by the United States Department of Defense and finished on November 28, 1984. It was based on the earlier STANAG 4198 promulgated by NATO on February 13, 1984.
It is also known as "LPC-10".
Recently an improved version[according to whom?] of the standard was introduced. With a longer super frame structure and better VQ quantizer, the bit rate is reduced to 800 bit/s.[unreliable source?]
- "FIPS PUB 137, Analog to Digital Conversion of Voice by 2,400 Bit/Second Linear Predictive Coding" (PDF). National Institute of Standards and Technology. Retrieved 2018-08-17.
- "PARAMETERS AND CODING CHARACTERISTICS THAT MUST BE COMMON TO ASSURE INTEROPERABILITY OF 2400 BPS LINEAR PREDICTIVE ENCODED DIGITAL SPEECH". North Atlantic Treaty Organization. Retrieved 2018-08-17.
- 53 FR 41221
- Xianglin, Wang; C.-C. Jay Kuo (May 1998). "An 800 bit/s VQ-based LPC voice coder". The Journal of the Acoustical Society of America. 103 (5): 2778. Bibcode:1998ASAJ..103.2778W. doi:10.1121/1.422247. Archived from the original on 2013-02-23. Retrieved 2007-03-24.
- CELP-3.2a and LPC-10
- Various Speech Coding Links
- LPC10 presentation, Soo Hyun Bae, ECE 8873 Data Compression & Modeling, Georgia Institute of Technology, 2004