He was born in Kyoto Prefecture and graduated from the University of Tokyo in 1931. Early in his career, he worked as a corporate attorney; he was the first practicing attorney to become Chief Justice of Japan. He returned to law practice in 1977 following his resignation.
Fujibayashi was a non-denominational Christian and followed the non-church movement.
- 交詢社 第69版 『日本紳士録』 1986年