Edward M. Catich
|Died||April 14, 1979|
|Known for||Education, calligraphy|
Edward M. Catich (1906–April 14, 1979) was an American Roman Catholic priest, teacher, and calligrapher. He is noted for the fullest development of the thesis that the inscribed Roman square capitals of the Augustan age and afterward owed their form (and their characteristic serifs) wholly to the use of the flat brush, rather than to the exigencies of the chisel or other stone cutting tools.
At the orphanage he apprenticed under sign-writer Walter Heberling. After graduating high school in 1924, Catich toured with a Mooseheart band, and then went to Chicago, where he played music in bands. Catich studied art at the School of the Art Institute of Chicago from 1926–29, and supported himself as a union sign-writer. Catich attended where he worked as the leader of the school band. He received a master's degree in art at University of Iowa in Iowa City.
In 1935, Catich traveled to Rome to study at Pontifical Gregorian University for the Catholic priesthood, where he also made a study of archaeology and paleography. He was ordained in 1938 and returned to Iowa to teach art, math, engineering, and music at St. Ambrose. As a priest, he served in parishes of the Diocese of Peoria, including ones in Atkinson and Hooppole.
Throughout much of the late 1940s and early 1950s, Catich found himself making trips to Massachusetts to work on his calligraphy with W.A. Dwiggins. It was during these trips that he began to explore deep into the Trajan column that would become his life's work. During the 1950s, 1960s, and even into the 1970s, Catich would make many trips to Rome to explore the Roman capitals.
Catich taught at St. Ambrose for forty years, until his death in 1979. The Davenport, Iowa, university now holds some 4,000 of his works, many from his legacy to Professor John Schmits, housed at the Edward M. Catich Memorial Gallery. The gallery was originally his studio and press at the Galvin Fine Arts Center and was built with a donation from Hallmark Cards, where several of his students worked. In the years following his death, many of Catich's theories about the Roman Capitals would be adopted.
Art is not freedom from discipline, but disciplined freedom.— Edward Catich
His calligraphy and stone cutting work won Catich an international reputation, and he created many slate inscriptions using his brush and chisel technique. He created two typefaces, Petrarch and Catfish. Many of his books were published under his own press, The Catfish Press, which operated out of his studio at the university.
Besides calligraphy, Catich was accomplished at liturgical art, working in slate, stained glass, watercolor, and print, and he played the trumpet, cello, and harmonica.
Other institutions which hold his work include:
- Chapel + Cultural Center at Rensselaer
- Harvard College
- Los Angeles County Museum of Art
- Encyclopædia Britannica's corporate headquarters
- Reed College
- Morton Arboretum
- University of Pittsburgh's Cathedral of Learning and Benedum Hall
The Origin of the Serif
While the brushed-origin thesis had been proposed in the nineteenth century, Catich, having worked as a union sign painter, made a complete study and proposed a convincing ductus by which the forms were created, using a flat brush and then chisel. He promulgated his views in two works, Letters Redrawn from the Trajan Inscription in Rome and The Origin of the Serif: Brush Writing and Roman Letters.
While the thesis is not universally accepted, electioneering posters excavated in Pompeii show unincised Imperial Roman capital titles (followed by body text in rustic capitals) brush-painted on certain walls.
- Edward M. Catich. "A Priest Speaks on Chalice-Design." The Catholic Art Quarterly, volume 14, number 2. 1951.
- Edward M. Catich. "Sentimentality in Christian Art" The Furrow 10 (1959)
- Edward M. Catich. Letters Redrawn from the Trajan Inscription in Rome. The Catfish Press, 1961.
- Edward M. Catich. Eric Gill: His social and artistic roots. The Prairie Press, 1964.
- Edward M. Catich. The Origin of the Serif: Brush writing and Roman letters. The Catfish Press, 1968.
- Edward M. Catich. Reed, Pen and Brush: Alphabets for writing and lettering. The Catfish Press, 1972.
- Edward M. Catich. The Trajan Inscription: An essay. Society of Printers, 1973.
- Shaw, Paul (2015). The Eternal Flame Two Millennia of The Classical Roman Capital. Cambridge, Massachusetts and London, England: The MIT Press. pp. 29, 27. ISBN 978-0-262-02901-8.
- The eternal letter : two millennia of the classical Roman capital. Shaw, Paul. Cambridge, Massachusetts. 2015. ISBN 9780262029018. OCLC 892794693.CS1 maint: others (link)
- Burger, Mary Lou (1976-06-02). "Lawrence Lee Poem/Plaque to be Dedicated at Pitt" (Press release). Pittsburgh, PA: University of Pittsburgh Department of News and Publications. Archived from the original on 2012-09-22. Retrieved 2011-05-21.
- "The McMullen Award - SAU Quasquicentennial: St. Ambrose University". Davenport, Iowa. Archived from the original on 6 January 2009. Retrieved 22 November 2008.