Location of Edo State in Nigeria
|Date created||27 August 1991|
| • Governor |
|Godwin Obaseki (PDP)|
|• Deputy Governor||Philip Shaibu|
|• Total||17,802 km2 (6,873 sq mi)|
|Area rank||22nd of 36|
|• Rank||27th of 36|
|Demonym(s)||Edos or Idar|
|• Total||$11.89 billion|
|• Per capita||$3,623|
|Time zone||UTC+01 (WAT)|
|ISO 3166 code||NG-ED|
medium · 12th of 37
Edo State is one of the 36 states of Nigeria, located in the southern region of the country. The state's capital and largest city, Benin City, is the fourth-largest city in Nigeria, and the centre of the country's rubber industry. Created in 1991 from the former Bendel State, Edo State borders Kogi State to the northeast, Anambra State to the east, Delta State to the southeast, and Ondo State to the west.
The modern borders of Edo State encompass regions that were formerly the site of various empires and kingdoms. Formed in the 11th century AD, the Benin Empire (unrelated to the modern country of Benin) is said to have been "one of the oldest and most highly developed states in the coastal hinterland of West Africa". The ancient city of Edo, the site of modern-day Benin City, was home to some of the largest earthworks in the world. In 1897, the British Empire conducted a punitive expedition of the region, destroying most of the ancient city of Edo and incorporating the territory into what would become the Southern Nigeria Protectorate.
Edo State is a diverse state that is predominantly inhabited by the Edoid peoples, including the Edo (or Bini), Esan, and Afemai peoples. The most common Edoid language spoken is the Edo language, which is commonly spoken in Benin City. First introduced to the region by Portuguese missionaries during the 15th century, Christianity is the dominant religion in Edo State with also a sizable number of Muslims though traditional religions is also practiced.
The Mid-Western Region was a division of Nigeria from 1963 to 1991, formally known as Bendel state from 1976. It was formed in June 1963 from Benin and Delta provinces of the Western Region, and its capital was Benin City. It was renamed a province in 1966, and in 1967 when the other provinces were split up into several states, it remained territorially intact, becoming a state.
During the Nigerian Civil War, the Biafran forces invaded the new Mid-Western state, en route to Lagos, in an attempt to force a quick end to the war. While under Biafran occupation, the state was declared as the “Republic of Benin” as Nigerian forces were to retake the region. The republic collapsed a day after the declaration as Nigerian troops overtook Benin City. Edo State was formed on 27 August 1991 when Bendel State was split into Edo and Delta States.
With Benin City as capital, the population of the entire state is approximately 8 million. It is made up of three major ethnic groups; namely Edo (Binis), Esan and Afemai (Owan/Etsako) with Akoko Edo. However the State has a high presence of residents from across the country and the world because of its cosmopolitan tendencies. Benin City the capital has a history of being one of the foremost destinations of Europeans during their exploration of Africa continent many centuries ago. Some of the flash points have remained enviable tourists’ attraction for the state.
The main ethnic groups in Edo State are Binis, Etsako, Esans, Owans and Akoko Edos. Virtually all the groups traced their origin to Benin City hence the dialects of the groups vary with their distance from Benin City. The Bini speaking people who occupy seven out of the 18 Local Government Areas of the state constitute 57.14%; while others are as follow: Esan (17.14%), Etsako (12.19%), Owan (7.43%), and Akoko Edo (5.70%). However, the Igbira speaking communities exist in Akoko Edo, Itsekiri communities in Ikpoba-Okha, as well as Ijaw Izons, Urhobos in Ovia North East and South West Local Government Areas especially in the borderlands. Also, Igbo speaking communities exist in Igbanke(Ika) in Orhionmwon LGA.
|Name||Title||Took office||Left office||Party||Notes|
|Colonel John Ewerekumoh Yeri||Governor||August 1990||January 1992||(Military)|
|John E.K. Odigie Oyegun||Governor||January 1992||November 1993||SDP|
|Colonel Mohammed Abul-Salam Onuka||Administrator||9 December 1993||14 September 1994||(Military)|
|Colonel Bassey Asuquo||Administrator||14 September 1994||22 August 1996||(Military)|
|Group Captain Baba Adamu Iyam||Administrator||22 August 1996||7 August 1998||(Military)|
|Navy Captain Anthony Onyearugbulem||Administrator||7 August 1998||29 May 1999||(Military)|
|Chief Lucky Igbinedion||Governor||29 May 1999||29 May 2007||PDP|
|Professor Oserheimen Osunbor||Governor||29 May 2007||12 November 2008||PDP||Removed by court judgment invalidating his election|
|Comrade Adams A. Oshiomhole||Governor||12 November 2008||12 November 2016||AC which later merged with some other political parties to become APC (All Progressive Congress) in 2013|
|Godwin Obaseki||Governor||12 November 2016||present||APC then decamped to the PDP on 19 June 2020 to seek re-election||Reelcted 20 September 2020.|
Local Government Areas
Edo State consists of eighteen (18) Local Government Areas. They are:
Edo State House Of Assembly (Fifth Assembly) Division List, 2013
Edo State House Of Assembly Division List 2013, consists of twenty-four (24) divisions:
- Akoko-Edo 1
- Ovia South-West
- Orhionmwon I
- Etsako East
- Esan South-East
- Esan Central
- Esan West
- Oredo West
- Esan North-East I
- Etsako West I
- Owan East
- Orhionmwon II
- Etsako Central
- Owan West
- Esan North-East II
- Akoko-Edo II
- Ovia North-East II
- Oredo East
- Ovia North-East I
- Etsako West II
English is the official language of the state. The major tribal languages spoken in the state are Edo language, Igarra, Etsako/Afemai, Esan and Okpamheri. Edo State is home to several ethnicities, among them the Edo, Okpe, Esan, Afemai/Etsako, Ora, Akoko-Edo, Igbanke, Emai.
Languages of Edo State listed by LGA:
|Akoko-Edo||Aduge; Akuku; Ebira; Enwan; Igwe; Ikpeshi; Ivbie North-Okpela-Arhe; Oko-Eni-Osayen; Okpamheri; Okpe; Oloma; Ososo; Sasaru; Ukaan; Uneme|
|Esan North East||Esan|
|Esan South East||Esan|
|Etsako||Ivbie North-Okpela-Arhe; Uneme|
|Ovia North East||Edo|
|Ovia South West||Edo|
|Owan East||Emai-Iuleha-Ora; Ghotuo; Idesa; Ihievbe|
|Owan West||Emai - Iuleha, Ora|
Tourist attractions in Edo State include the Emotan Statue in Benin City, Ise Lake and River Niger Beach in Agenebode, Etsako-East; Mike Akhigbe Square at fugar, Ambrose Alli Square, Ekpoma, River Niger Beaches at Ilushi, BFFM Building at Ewu, Igun street, College of Agriculture and Aqua Culture Technology, Agenebode, Okpekpe with its hills and scenes and the Usomege Hills at Apana-Uzairue, Somorika hills in Akoko Edo, where a government-run tourist center at Ososo is set among spectacular scenery. The state produces crude oil. and other mineral resources like limestone and quarry.
Notable tertiary learning institutions in Edo state include:
- Auchi Polytechnic
- Edo State Polytechnic Usen
- Kings Polytechnic
- Shaka Polytechnic
- University of Benin (UNIBEN)
- Samuel Adegboyega University, Ogwa
- Igbinedion University, Okada
- Benson Idahosa University, Benin City
- Wellspring University#
- [Ambrose Alli University], Ekpoma
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List of Edo State Medical zones and associated local government areas.
|Medical Zone||Local Government||Name Of Hospital||Medical Zone||Local Government||Name Of Hospital||Medical Zone||Local Government||Name Of Hospital|
|Abudu||Orhionmwon||General Hospital, Abudu||Benin||Oredo||Central Hospital B/City||Igarra||Akoko Edo||General Hospital, Igarra|
|Abudu||Orhionmwon||General Hospital, Igbanke||Benin||Oredo||Cot. Hospital Obayantor||Igarra||Akoko Edo||Government Hospital, Ibillo|
|Abudu||Orhionmwon||General Hospital, Uronigbe||Benin||Oredo||Stella Obansojo Maternal & Children Hospistal||Igarra||Akoko Edo||Dist. Hospital, Uneme-Osu|
|Abudu||Orhionmwon||Cot. Hospital Oben||Ekpoma||Esan West||General Hospital, Ekpoma||Iguobazuwa||Ovia South West||General Hospital. Iguobazuwa|
|Abudu||Orhionmwon||Cot. Hospital Egbokor||Ekpoma||Esan West||General Hospital, Iruekpen||Iguobazuwa||Ovia South West||Government Hospital Usen|
|Abudu||Uhunmwode||Dist. Hospital, Egba||Ekpoma||Esan Central||Dist. Hospital, Usugbenu||Iguobazuwa||Ovia North East||Dist. Hospital, Ekiadolor|
|Afuze||Owan East||General Hospital, Afuze||Ekpoma||Esan Central||Dist. Hospital, Ewu||Ossiomo||Leprosy Clinic in All L.G.A||Specislist Hospital, Ossiomo|
|Afuze||Owan East||Dist. Hospital, Otuo||Fugar||Etsako East||General Hospital, Fugar||Ubiaja||Esan South West||General Hospital, Ubiaja|
|Afuze||Owan West||General Hospital, Sabogida Ora||Fugar||Etsako East||General Hospital, Agenebode||Ubiaja||Esan South West||Dist. Hospital, Ewohimi|
|Afuze||Owan West||Dist. Hospital, Uzebba||Fugar||Etsako East||Dist. Hospital, Apana||Ubiaja||Igueben||Government Hospital, Igueben|
|Auchi||Estako West||Central. Hospital, Auchi||Fugar||Etsako West||Government Hospital, Agbede||Uromi||Esan North East||Central Hospital Uromi|
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- Oba of Benin
- John Odigie Oyegun, First Governor of Edo state and former national chairman of the ruling APC
- Godwin Obaseki, former chairman of the State's economic team and present Executive Governor of the State
- Erhabor Emokpae, pioneer of modern arts in Nigeria
- Admiral Mike Akhigbe, former vice president of the Federal Republic of Nigeria.
- Dele Giwa, Nigerian journalist, editor and founder of Newswatch magazine.
- Senator Albert Legogie, former deputy senate president in the defunct Third Republic and a pioneer member of the Board of Trustees of the Peoples Democratic Party (PDP).
- Pa Michael Imoudu, labour leader and founder of the Nigeria state,
- Chief Julius Momo Udochi, the first Nigerian ambassador to the United States,
- Gen. George Agbazika Innih, who was one-time military governor of Bendel and Kwara State,
- Major-General Abdul Rahman Mamudu Former Commander Nigerian Army Signals Corps and military administrator Gongola State,
- Aigboje Aig-Imoukhuede, cofounder of Access Bank Plc and founder of Africa Initiative for Governance (AIG)
- Adams Oshiomhole, past president of the Nigeria Labour Congress and former governor of Edo State; he built Edo University of Iyamoh, Edo State.
- Pastor Chris Oyakhilome, founder of the Believers Loveworld Nation
- Prince Tony Momoh, former Minister of Information and Culture
- Maymunah Kadiri, Nigerian mental health advocate
- Commander Anthony Ikhazoboh, minister of sports and transport,
- Professor Ambrose Alli, former governor of the defunct Bendel State. He created the Bendel State university now named after him.
- John Momoh, Nigerian broadcast journalist and CEO of Channels TV
- Professor Osayuki Godwin Oshodin, former vice chancellor of University of Benin
- Jacob U. Egharevba, a Bini historian and traditional chief
- Dr Samuel Ogbemudia, former governor of the midwest region of Nigeria and later Bendel state
- Chief Anthony Enahoro, anti-colonial and pro-democracy activist and politician
- Professor Festus Iyayi, novelist and first African to win the Commonwealth Writers Prize
- Odia Ofeimun, poet and former president of the Association of Nigerian Authors
- Dr Abel Guobadia, educator and former Nigerian ambassador to the Republic of Korea, former Chairman Independent National Electoral Commission (INEC)
- General Godwin Abbe, former Nigerian Minister for Interior and Defence
- Archbishop John Edokpolo, founder of Edokpolo Grammar Schools and Political Activist
- Sir Victor Uwaifo, musician
- Archbishop Benson Idahosa, Pentecostal Church Leader
- Sonny Okosun, musician
- Augustine Eguavoen, former professional Nigerian footballer and coach
- Felix Idubor, artist
- Festus Ezeli, basketball player formerly with the Golden State Warriors
- Modupe Ozolua, body enhancement and reconstructive surgery
- Chief Tony Anenih, chairman of board of trustees (PDP) Once Minister of Work.
- Gabriel Igbinedion, international business mogul and bini high chief and owner of ITV
- Raymond Dokpesi, owner of Africa largest private television network and politician
- Lancelot Oduwa Imasuen, film director, screenwriter and producer
- Suyi Davies Okungbowa, African fantasy and speculative fiction author
- Osaze Peter Odemwingie, professional footballer
- Chris Aire-Iluobe, jeweler and timepiece designer
- Francis Edo-Osagie, businessman
- Kamaru Usman, professional mixed martial arts fighter contracted to the Ultimate Fighting Championship, and current welterweight champion.
- Yakubu Ayegbeni, former professional footballer
- Rema (Nigerian musician), musician signed to Mavin Records,
- Philip Shaibu (born 1 December 1969, in Kaduna) an alumnus of University of Jos is a Nigerian lawmaker, politician and business man. He is currently the Deputy Governor of Edo State, Nigeria.
- Eghosa Asemota Agbonifo, Politician, coordinator of Michael Agbonifo shoe a child foundation
- Prof T. M. Yesufu, pioneer Vice-Chancellor of the University of Benin, economist.
- Odion Jude Ighalo, Nigerian professional footballer.
- Victor Osimhen, Nigerian professional footballer.
- Aisha Yesufu,Nigerian socio-political activist.
- Zakariyau Oseni, is a prominent Professor of Arabic and a Scholar of Islamic Studies, an Imam and a poet from Nigeria.
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