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|Directed by||Fred Guiol|
|Written by||H.M. Walker|
Arthur J. Jefferson (play)
|Produced by||Hal Roach|
|Edited by||Richard C. Currier|
|Distributed by||Pathé Exchange Inc.|
Duck Soup is a silent comedy short film starring Stan Laurel and Oliver Hardy prior to their official billing as the duo Laurel and Hardy. The team appeared in a total of 107 films between 1921 and 1951.
Fleeing a group of forest rangers, who are rounding up tramps to serve as firefighters, Laurel and Hardy take refuge in a mansion. The owner has gone on vacation and the servants are away, so Hardy pretends to be the owner and offers to rent the house to an English couple. Hardy gets Laurel to pose as the maid. Unfortunately, the owner returns and tells the would-be renters that he owns the house. Laurel and Hardy then flee again and are caught by the rangers and forced to fight wildfires.
Duck Soup was considered a lost film for nearly fifty years, until a print was discovered in 1974. It was previously thought by film scholars that the comedians barely shared any scenes, if any, but in fact they appear as a team throughout the entire picture, albeit rather primitively, dressed in tramp costuming, with Hardy sporting an unshaven chin and top hat. In the next few films, Laurel and Hardy were together as separate performers and not working as a double act, before their potential as a team was used again, notably in Do Detectives Think? (1927), another Hal Roach two-reeler.
The film was directed by Fred Guiol. However, the more important contribution was by the films' supervising director, Leo McCarey, who probably more than anyone else at Roach saw the greatest possibilities for Laurel and Hardy as a comedy team. McCarey later used the same title for the classic Marx Brothers film, Duck Soup, which he directed for Paramount Pictures in 1933. The sketch on which the film was based was written by Stan Laurel's father, Arthur J. Jefferson.
The print found in 1974 was a cropped 9.5mm re-release with French intertitles replacing the originals. However, since then a pristine quality full aperture 35mm nitrate print was located at the BFI National Archive, which appears to be from a British re-release. A restored version of the film with a theater organ soundtrack accompaniment was televised on the Movies! channel in the U.S. on December 26, 2020.
- Okuda, Ted; Neibaur, James L. (2012). Stan Without Ollie: The Stan Laurel Solo Films, 1917–1927. McFarland. p. 184. ISBN 9780786447817. Retrieved December 25, 2018.
- "LAUREL & HARDY: BEAU HUNKS/DUCK SOUP". Movies!. December 26, 2020. Retrieved December 26, 2020.
- Bann, Richard W. (2014). "Another Fine Mess: Laurel & Hardy's Legacy". UCLA Film & Television Archive. Los Angeles, CA, USA: UCLA School of Theater, Film and Television. Retrieved December 19, 2015.
- Bann, Richard W. (2011). "Film Preservation—Another Fine Mess: "Why Don't You Do Something To Help Me?"". Laurel & Hardy, the Official Website. laurel-and-hardy.com. Archived from the original on March 4, 2016. Retrieved December 19, 2015.