|Douglas Bay Horse Tramway|
Raad Yiarn Cabbyl Vaie Ghoolish
Roofed toastrack No. 35, Loch Promenade
|Locale||Douglas, Isle of Man|
|Terminus||Derby Castle station / Victoria Pier|
|Name||Douglas Bay Horse Tramway|
|Built by||Thomas Lightfoot|
|Original gauge||3 ft (914 mm)|
|Owned by||Isle of Man Government|
|Operated by||Isle of Man Railways|
|Stations||Various (hail & ride)|
|Length||1.6 miles (2.6 km)|
|7 August 1876||Official opening|
|2 January 1900||Takeover, Douglas Corporation|
|30 September 1927||Winter service terminated|
|28 September 1939||Closed for duration|
|1 May 1946||Seasonal services resumed|
|9 August 1956||80th Anniversary|
|7 August 1976||Centenary parade|
|7 August 2011||135th Anniversary|
The Douglas Bay Horse Tramway on the Isle of Man runs along the seafront promenade for approximately 1.6 miles (2.6 km), from the southern terminus at the Victoria Pier, adjacent to the Isle of Man Sea Terminal, to Derby Castle station, the southern terminus of the Manx Electric Railway, where the workshops and sheds are located. It is a distinctive tourist attraction. However works have been underway to relay all of the track in 2019 and at present only a third (from the Derby Castle) is usable, with no published completion date for the works.
The tramway was built and initially operated by Thomas Lightfoot, a retired civil engineer from Sheffield. His service was introduced in 1876 between the bottom of what is now Summer Hill and the bottom of Broadway in the centre of today's promenade adjacent to the Villa Marina. In the earliest days the track was expanded, and passing loops and long crossovers added so that by 1891 the line ran double track the entire length of the promenade, much as it does today. From opening it has operated every year, except for a period during the Second World War.
In 1882, Lightfoot sold the line to Isle of Man Tramways Ltd, later the Isle of Man Tramways & Electric Power Co. Ltd, which also owned the Manx Electric Railway. The company went into liquidation in 1900 as a consequence of a banking collapse. The tramway was sold by the liquidator to Douglas Corporation in 1902. Since 1927 the tramway has run in summer only.
In 2015 Douglas Corporation partnered with Isle of Man Transport to introduce the 'Ticketer' system as used across the Island's other public transport systems. On board a Ticketer hand-held unit connects with the island-wide contactless Go Cards and individual tickets can also be purchased.
In January 2016, Douglas Corporation announced that the tramway had run for the last time the previous September and that they had closed it as it was not financially viable. The tramway had made a loss of £263,000 in 2015.
After an online petition attracted more than 2,000 signatures, the House of Keys established a committee to look into ways of retaining the iconic horse trams. The operation of the tramway was taken over by the Isle of Man Heritage Railways division of the Department of Infrastructure and continued in the 2016, 2017 and 2018 summer seasons. However, there are plans to reduce part of the route from double to single track as part of the redevelopment of Douglas Promenade.
The tramway is 3 ft (914 mm) narrow gauge, double track throughout, running down the middle of the road. Service is provided by 23 tramcars and some 45 horses. There have been several types of tramcar, and at least one of each type has been retained. Most services are maintained by "closed toastracks", with winter saloons and open toastracks also in semi-regular service. In summer, trams are stabled outdoors overnight adjacent to the Terminus Tavern public house, and there is a purpose-built tramshed where they are stored in winter. In 2014 it was announced by the Department of Infrastructure that during 2015 the horse trams would be temporarily suspended while resurfacing work on the promenade continued into its next phase, which runs from Regent Street to Strathallan. However, the plans were later revised, allowing regular horse tram operation to take place in 2015, 2016 and 2017.
The remaining core of service trams represent a cross-section of various types of car used on the line over the years; notable exceptions from the current fleet are an umbrella car (one of which survives as a souvenir shop elsewhere) and a convertible car, although one of these survives in private ownership. This was the last of three cars from 1935 which were dubbed "tomato boxes" owing to their unconventional appearance. On 27 August 2016, after Douglas council took ownership, six trams were sold at auction, numbers 28, 33, 34, 37, 39 and 40.
|Key:||Service Fleet||Undergoing Rebuild||Rebuilt||Awaiting Rebuild|
|No. 1 (ii)||1913||G.F. Milnes-Voss & Co||Enclosed Saloon||30||Red & Cream||~||Replacement Vehicle|
|No. 12||1888||Starbuck Car & Wagon & Co||Open Toastrack||32||Blue & Gold||~||Ornamental Lamps "Heritage Fleet"|
|No. 18||1883||Metropolitan Carriage & Wagon Co||Double Decker||42||Maroon & Gold||Okells Brewery||Converted Single-Deck (1904) Double-Deck (1989)|
|No. 21||1890||G.F. Milnes & Co.||Open Toastrack||40||Burgundy & White||~||Ornamental Lamps, Rebuilt 2018-2019|
|No. 27||1892||G.F. Milnes & Co.||Enclosed Saloon||30||Prussian Blue & Cream||~||Rebuilt, July 2017 - October 2018 "Heritage Fleet"|
|No. 29||1892||G.F. Milnes & Co.||Enclosed Saloon||30||Red, Black & Cream||~||Rebuilt October 2017 - January 2019|
|No. 32||1896||G.F. Milnes & Co.||Sunshade||32||Red & White||Promenade Embroidery||Undergoing Rebuild 2019 "Heritage Fleet"|
|No. 36||1896||G.F. Milnes & Co.||Roofed Toastrack||40||Red & White||~||Rebuilt 2017, Tram of the Year|
|No. 38||1902||G.F. Milnes & Co.||Open Toastrack||40||Red & White||~||For Rebuilt 2019-2020|
|No. 42||1905||G.F. Milnes & Co.||Open Toastrack||40||Red & Varnish||Bushy's Brewery||Rebuilt 2017-2018 "Heritage Fleet"|
|No. 43||1907||United Electric Car Co||Roofed Toastrack||40||Red & White||Conister Bank|
|No. 44||1907||United Electric Car Co||Roofed Toastrack||40||Red, White & Blue||~||Royal Tram (1964 & 1972)|
|No. 45||1908||United Electric Car Co||Roofed Toastrack||40||Red & White||~||Rebuilt, October 2017 - March 2018|
The tramway amassed at total of 50 cars, the final three arriving as late as 1935. Over the years several of these became surplus to requirements and were scrapped; many were stored in the former cable car depot at York Road, Douglas prior to its demolition to make way for a residential complex in 1990, others were dismantled being surplus to requirements over the years. Nos. 48 and 50 were purchased for possible use as wayside shelters on the Manx Electric Railway and were stored for a time at Derby Castle; the plan however never came to fruition and both vehicles were scrapped in 1982 leaving No.49 as the sole remaining example of this type of tramcar. No.46 was relocated to Nobles Park in Douglas in 1988 where it saw use as a shelter (memorably it carried a black and neon colour scheme latterly, promoting the Palace Lido); it was removed from the island and fully restored for museum display though later scrapped despite having been heavily reconditioned.
|No. 1 (i)||1876||Starbuck Car & Wagon Co||Double Decker||36||1901||Converted From Single Deck 1884, Later Replaced|
|No. 2||1876||Starbuck Car & Wagon Co||Double Decker||36||1948||Not Used After World War II|
|No. 3||1876||Starbuck Car & Wagon Co||Double Decker||36||1948||Not Used After World War II|
|No. 4||1882||Metropolitan Carriage Co||Double Decker||34||1949||Not Used After World War II|
|No. 5||1883||Starbuck Car & Wagon Co||Double Decker||34||1949||Not Used After World War II|
|No. 6||1883||Starbuck Car & Wagon Co||Double Decker||34||1949||Not Used After World War II|
|No. 7||1884||Starbuck Car & Wagon Co||Double Decker||42||1924|
|No. 8||1884||Starbuck Car & Wagon Co||Double Decker||42||1949||Not Used After World War II|
|No. 9||1884||Starbuck Car & Wagon Co||Open Toastrack||32||1952|
|No. 10||1884||Starbuck Car & Wagon Co||Open Toastrack||40||1979||Spare Parts Retained|
|No. 14||1887||Metropolitan Carriage Co||Double Decker||42||~||Destroyed in 1908 following rockslide in depot.|
|No. 15||1887||Metropolitan Carriage Co||Double Decker||42||1939||Purchased from South Shields Tramways|
|No. 16||1887||Metropolitan Carriage Co||Double Decker||42||1915||Purchased from South Shields Tramways|
|No. 17||1886||Metropolitan Carriage Co||Double Decker||48||1914||Ex-South Shields Tramways Converted Single Deck 1903 withdrawn 1914|
|No. 19||1889||G.F. Milnes & Co.||Open Toastrack||32||1949||Withdrawn & Stored 1940|
|No. 20||1889||G.F. Milnes & Co.||Open Toastrack||32||1949||Withdrawn & Stored 1940|
|No. 23||1891||G.F. Milnes & Co.||Umbrella Car||33||1952||Retractable Canvas Roof 1908, Later Fixed Roof|
|No. 24||1891||G.F. Milnes & Co.||Umbrella Car||32||1952||Retractable Canvas Roof 1910, Later Fixed Roof|
|No. 25||1891||G.F. Milnes & Co.||Open Toastrack||32||1952|
|No. 26||1891||G.F. Milnes & Co.||Open Toastrack||32||1974|
|No. 30||1894||G.F. Milnes & Co.||Open Toastrack||32||1950|
|No. 31||1894||G.F. Milnes & Co.||Open Toastrack||32||1987||Advertising Car 1968-1975|
|No. 41||1905||G.F. Milnes & Co.||Open Toastrack||40||1988||Spare Parts Retained|
|No. 46||1909||G.F. Milnes & Co.||Roofed Toastrack||40||1986||Sold to Birkenhead Tramway Museum 1990|
|No. 48||1935||Vulcan Motor & Engineering Co||Convertible Saloon||27/34||1978||Sold to Manx Electric Railway 1980|
|No. 50||1935||Vulcan Motor & Engineering Co||Convertible Saloon||27/34||1978||Sold to Manx Electric Railway 1980|
In addition to those cars remaining in the operational fleet, a number have survived and remained at other locations on the island; No. 14 spent several years at the Clapham Transport Museum until its closure, returning to the island in time for the centenary of the tramway in 1976; it entered the Manx Museum in 1991 where it remains today. No. 22 was converted into a souvenir shop used at Strathallan Crescent, it now resides at a transport museum in the north of the island where it fulfils the same role.
|Key:||Undergoing Restoration||Auctioned Off||Privately Owned||On Display|
|No. 11||1886||Starbuck Car & Wagon & Cp||Open Toastrack||32||Wirral Transport Museum||Withdrawn 1976, Moved Jurby-Wirral May 2021|
|No. 14||1887||Starbuck Car & Wagon & Co||Double Decker||42||Manx Museum||Houses Audio / Visual Display, Renumbered 1908 (Was No.13)|
|No. 22||1890||G.F. Milnes & Co.||Umbrella Car||32||Jurby Transport Museum||Former Tram Shop (Last of Kind, Sunshade Roof)|
|No. 28||1892||G.F. Milnes & Co.||Enclosed Saloon||30||Off-Island Privately||Sold, August 2016 (£2,800)|
|No. 33||1896||G.F. Milnes & Co.||Sunshade, Glazed Bulkheads 1974||32||On-Island Privately||Sold, August 2016 (£1,200)|
|No. 34||1896||G.F. Milnes & Co.||Sunshade, Glazed Bulkheads 1972||32||Jurby Transport Museum||Sold, August 2016 (£1,300) Restored & Motorised 2018|
|No. 35||1896||G.F. Milnes-Voss & Co||Sunshade, Glazed Bulkheads 1966||32||Bulrhenny||On Display, Home of Rest For Old Horses|
|No. 37||1896||G.F. Milnes & Co.||Sunshade, Glazed Bulkheads 1972||32||On-Island Privately||Sold, August 2016 (£1,100)|
|No. 39||1902||Starbuck Car & Wagon & Co||Open Toastrack, Lengthened 1934||40||Unknown, On-Island||Sold, August 2016 (£1,800) Manx Electric Railway Society|
|No. 40||1902||G.F. Milnes & Co.||Open Toastrack, Lengthened 1939||40||On-Island Privately||Sold, August 2016 (£1,000)|
|No. 47||1911||G.F. Milnes & Co.||Bulkhead||40||Wirral Transport Museum||Withdrawn 1976, Moved Jurby-Wirral May 2021|
|No. 49||1935||Vulcan Motor & Engineering Co.||Convertible Saloon||27/34||Ramsey, Isle of Man||Withdrawn 1978 (Last of Kind) Privately Owned|
Despite being the world's last remaining 19th century original horse-drawn passenger tramway and the second-oldest operational rail system on the island, the future of the tramway has been brought into question in recent years. Various plans were submitted by the island's Department of Infrastructure to rebuild the Douglas Promenades. In one version, the tramway would move from its current location in the middle of the roadway to a new single line formation adjacent to the Promenade walkway. The new plans have come in for some criticism from a large group of local residents who object to the siting of the trams near to the walkway. This is all rather irrelevant now, as a fortune was spent in 2019 relaying the tracks in the middle of the road as they always were.
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Horse-drawn trams in the Isle of Man.|
- Transport on the Isle of Man
- Victor Harbor Horse Drawn Tram, a horse-drawn tramway in Australia
- List of light-rail/tram systems
- List of town tramway systems in Europe
- "Isle of Man Guide - Transportation, Horse Drawn Trams". Maxima Systems. Retrieved 8 February 2008.
- "Douglas Borough Council - Just the ticket: Council updates horse tram ticket management system".
- "Isle of Man horse tram service ends after 140 years". BBC News Online. Retrieved 22 January 2016.
- "Isle of Man horse trams: More than 2,000 people sign petition to save service". BBC News Online. 23 January 2016. Retrieved 28 January 2016.
- "Isle of Man horse trams: Committee to explore closure alternatives". BBC News Online. 26 January 2016. Retrieved 28 January 2016.
- "Horse Trams". Retrieved 8 March 2017.
- "Horse tram service back on track for 2015". Town of Douglas. 9 May 2015. Retrieved 19 May 2015.
- "Douglas regeneration: £21m plans submitted for Manx capital". BBC News.
- "Prom revamp application set to be submitted". Archived from the original on 21 July 2015. Retrieved 17 July 2015.
- "Opposition to horse trams on Douglas walkway". Archived from the original on 21 July 2015. Retrieved 17 July 2015.
- Heavyside, Tom (2010). Douglas – Laxey – Ramsey: including the Groudle Glen Railway. Narrow Gauge Branch Lines series. Midhurst, West Sussex, UK: Middleton Press. ISBN 9781906008758.
- Hendry, Robert (1993). Rails in the Isle of Man: A Colour Celebration, Midland Publishing Limited, ISBN 1-85780-009-5
- Pearson, Keith (1999). Douglas Horse Tramway - A Millennium Year History, 1st Edition, Adam Gordon, ISBN 978-1-874422-25-9
- Johnston, Norman. "Douglas Horse Trams in Colour." Omagh: Colourpoint Press, 1995. ISBN 9781898392101.