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On November 2, 1850, the Saturday before the opening of the University of Rochester, the Delphic Society was founded. On this day, five students who had transferred from Madison University (Colgate University) gathered to discuss their extracurricular activity at the newly formed university in Rochester, New York. The students were members of the Adelphian Society at Madison and wanted to form a similar student group at Rochester. Before adjourning, they had taken the initial steps toward the formation of the Delphic Literary Society for the "promotion of the literary improvement of its members.” The five founders of the first student society at the University of Rochester were Stephen Haskins Carpenter, Nathaniel Judson Clark, Andrew Longyear Freeman, John Butterick Jones, and Franklin Smith Lyon.
On Friday evening, May 9, 1851, the Delphic Literary Society held its first public exercises. The group later became known as the Delphic Society.
There were two societies at Rochester, Delphic and Pithonian, which fostered debates and other activities aimed at increasing their members' writing and public speaking skills. Almost all undergraduates belonged to one of the groups. Professors, some trustees, and interested townsmen affiliated in honorary membership. The Delphic Society at Rochester was formed to serve "Wisdom and Reason."
The college literary societies of this period have sometimes been compared to our modern collegiate social fraternities, and it is true that the competition for new members of rival societies like the Delphic and Pithonian was in some respects comparable to present-day rushing practices. But there was at least this difference between the literary societies and modern fraternities: the membership of the literary societies comprised nearly the whole student body, except for those few who had no interest in belonging to a literary society.
The nemesis of the societies at Rochester was the social fraternity. Five of them, the “old nationals” as they were called, came into existence in the first decade of University life. Due to the drop in enrollment and to the competition of the secret fraternities, which were exclusive, smaller, and afforded more social enjoyment, the Delphic and Pithonian societies ceased to exist soon after the American Civil War. The Delphic Society at the University of Rochester existed on the campus through December 1866.
- Andrews, Ezra R. (1886) An Outline History of the University of Rochester. Printer and Bookbinder, Rochester, NY.
- Interpres Student Newspaper, Class of 1901. University of Rochester Archives, Rush Rhees Library http://rbscp.lib.rochester.edu/interpres/view-issue?y=1901&v=44&p=78
- University of Rochester Library Archives.
- Rochester - The Making of a University, by Jesse Leonard Rosenberger, 1927.
- A History of the University of Rochester, 1850-1962 by Arthur J. May. Copyright 1977 by the University of Rochester.
- University of Rochester Library Bulletin: The Delphic and Pithonian Societies, Volume IV, Autumn 1948, Number 1 by Rolland E. Stevens. Source: http://rbscp.lib.rochester.edu/2450
- University of Rochester History: Chapter 7, The Civil War. Source: http://rbscp.lib.rochester.edu/2313
- The Delphic Fraternity History e-Book, April, 2017.https://delphicfraternity.net