|Names||Database administrator, database analyst|
|Information technology, information systems|
|Competencies||Databases design and implementation, programming skills, database theory, networking basics, analytical skills, critical thinking|
Database administrators (DBAs) use specialized software to store and organize data.
- Knowledge of database queries
- Knowledge of database theory
- Knowledge of database design
- Knowledge about the RDBMS itself, e.g. Microsoft SQL Server or MySQL
- Knowledge of structured query language (SQL), e.g. SQL/PSM or Transact-SQL
- General understanding of distributed computing architectures, e.g. Client–server model
- General understanding of operating system, e.g. Windows or Linux
- General understanding of storage technologies and networking
- General understanding of routine maintenance, recovery, and handling failover of a database
There are many certifications available for becoming a certified database administrator. Many of these certifications are offered by database vendors themselves. Database administrator certifications may be earned by passing a series of tests and sometimes other requirements. Schools offering Database Administration degrees can also be found.
- IBM Certified Advanced Database Administrator - DB2 10.1 for Linux, Unix and Windows
- IBM Certified Database Administrator - DB2 10.1 for Linux, Unix, and Windows
- Oracle Database 12c Administrator Certified Professional
- Oracle MySQL 5.6 Database Administrator Certified Professional
- MCSA SQL Server 2012
- MCSE Data Platform Solutions Expert 
A database administrator's responsibilities can include the following tasks:
- Allocating system storage and planning storage requirements for the database system
- Modifying the database structure, as necessary, from information given by application developers
- Enrolling users and maintaining system security
- Ensuring compliance with database vendor license agreement
- Controlling and monitoring user access to the database
- Monitoring and optimizing the performance of the database
- Planning for backup and recovery of database information
- Maintaining archived data
- Backing up and restoring databases
- Contacting database vendor for technical support
- Generating various reports by querying from database as per need
- Managing and monitoring data replication
- Acting as liaison with users
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- "Roles and Responsibilities - Oracle FAQ".
- "Database Administrator: Job Description and Requirements". 11/4/2015. study.com. Retrieved 4 November 2015.
- "How Do I Become a Certified Database Administrator?". learn.org. learn.org. Retrieved 4 November 2015.
- "IBM Professional Certification Program". ibm.com. IBM. Retrieved 10 August 2014.
- "Oracle Certification Program". oracle.com. Oracle Corporation. Retrieved 18 June 2011.
- "Oracle Certified Professional, MySQL 5.6 Database Administrator". oracle.com. Oracle Corporation. Retrieved 18 September 2016.
- "MCSA: SQL Server". microsoft.com. Microsoft. Retrieved 3 November 2015.
- "MCSE: Data Platform". 11/4/2015. microsoft.com. Retrieved 4 November 2015.
- "Oracle DBA Responsibilities". Oracle Corporation. Retrieved 6 February 2012.