In 1785 a Commission for Auditing the Public Accounts was established by statute, replacing the Auditors of the Imprest. Its members, the Commissioners of Audit, were five in number: three were appointed by letters patent, the other two were the Comptrollers of Army Accounts, who served ex officio. (Comptrollers of Army Accounts had first been appointed in 1703, to audit the accounts of all Army regiments and paymasters; their office was later abolished, in 1835, whereupon their duties were taken over by the Commissioners of Audit.)
In 1806 the Commission was reconstituted with ten commissioners (no longer incorporating the ex officio members). Over ensuing decades the size of the Commission gradually decreased as departing members were not always replaced. Under the terms of the Exchequer and Audit Departments Act 1866, the offices of the Comptroller of the Exchequer and the Commissioners of Audit were merged and their duties vested in a new official: the Comptroller and Auditor General. His office, the Exchequer and Audit Department, was reconstituted in 1984 as the National Audit Office.
List of commissioners
|1785||1799||Sir William Musgrave|
|1785||1806||John Thomas Batt|
|1785||1805||John Martin Leake||ex officio from 1794|
|1785||1802||Sir John Dick||ex officio|
|1785||1794||William Molleson||ex officio|
|1799||1802||Reginald Pole Carew|
|1800||1806||Sir Charles William Rouse Boughton|
|1802||1805||John Erskine||ex officio|
|1802||1806||The Hon. Bartholomew Bouverie|
|1806||1821||William Mackworth Praed (lawyer)||Chairman of the Commissioners, 1806-1821|
|1806||1818||Francis Perceval Eliot||Previously an 'Additional Commissioner' 1805-1806|
|1806||1822||Richard Dawkins||Previously an 'Additional Commissioner' 1805-1806|
|1806||1810||Charles Moore||Previously an 'Additional Commissioner' 1805-1806|
|1821||1827||The Hon. Edward Richard Stewart||Chairman of the Commissioners, 1821-1827|
|1821||1823||Francis Seymour Larpent||(later reappointed as chairman)|
|1822||1849||Henry Fownes Luttrell|
|1824||1848||Sir John Osborn|
|1827||1843||Francis Seymour Larpent||Chairman of the Commissioners, 1827-1843|
|1835||1854||Sir William Lewis Herries||Chairman of the Commissioners, 1843-1854|
|1836||1865||Edward Romilly||Chairman of the Commissioners, 1854-1865|
|1843||1854||Sir Alexander Cray Grant|
|1849||1867||Richard Vaughan Davis|
|1854||1867||William Leader Maberley|
|1865||1867||Sir William Dunbar||Chairman of the Commissioners, 1865-1867; then appointed Comptroller and Auditor General|
|1865||1867||Charles Zachary Macaulay|
|1867||1867||William George Anderson||Appointed Assistant Comptroller and Auditor General in 1867|
- Roper, Michael (1998). The Records of the War Office and Related Departments, 1660-1964. Kew, Surrey: Public Record Office.
- Sainty, J C. "Audit Commissioners 1785-1867". Institute of Historical Research. Retrieved 8 December 2018.
- "Commissioners for Examining Public Accounts". Archive Hub. Retrieved 21 March 2018.