|Sovereign state||United Kingdom|
Clogher is a barony in County Tyrone, Northern Ireland. It is bordered by four other baronies in Northern Ireland: Omagh East to the north; Dungannon Lower to the east; Magherastephana to the south; and Tirkennedy to the south-west. It also borders two baronies in the Republic of Ireland: Trough and Monaghan both to the south-east.
In the eighteenth century Clogher barony was sometimes called Upper Dungannon, by contrast with the then barony of Dungannon; it is not to be confused with the modern Dungannon Upper barony created by the 1837 subdivision of Dungannon barony.
The barony of Clogher was a territory formerly known as Kinel Ferady, an anglicisation of a branch of the Cenél nEóghain, the Cenél Fearadhaigh, meaning kindred/descendants of Ferry. This territory was divided into two ancient districts.
The Mac Cathmhaoil (English: McCaul, Campbell, MacCawell, MacCall) were the leading sept of the Cenél Fearadhaigh, and one of the seven powerful septs supporting O'Neill. The Maolgeimridh (English: Mulgomery, Montgomery) and Maolpadraig (English: Mulpatrick, Kilpatrick) septs are recorded as being in possession of the two districts of the Cenél Fearadhaigh at one stage.
The Cenél Fearadhaigh by the 12th century controlled a large portion of County Tyrone and had penetrated deep into County Fermanagh. By the mid-14th century however, the Maguires would break the power of the Cenél Fearadhaigh in Fermanagh.
When the baronies of Ulster were being created by the English around 1585, the general manner was to name it after the principal town or castle lying within the area, in which they held their court, baron, and gaol. This resulted in Kinel Ferady being renamed to Clogher.
List of main settlements
List of civil parishes
Below is a list of civil parishes in Clogher:
- Aghalurcher (split with barony of Magherastephana)
- Donacavy (split with barony of Omagh East)
- Errigal Keerogue
- Errigal Trough
- "Clogher". Placenames Database of Ireland. Department of Community, Rural and Gaeltacht Affairs. Retrieved 4 December 2012.
- PRONI Baronies of Northern Ireland
- Pratt, Henry (1708). "A mapp of the kingdom of Ireland, newly corrected & improvd by actuall observations". London: British Library. Retrieved 13 October 2020.; Beaufort, Daniel Augustus. Memoir of a Map of Ireland. W. Faden, J. Debrett, and James Edwards. p. 27.; Seward, William Wenman (1811). "Tyrone". Topographia Hibernica. Dublin: A. Stewart.
- Returns of the number of days appointed by the sheriff for transacting the fiscal business in each county, county of a city, and county of a town, in Ireland, with the number of grand jurors sworn at each assizes since the passing of the act 3 & 4 Will. 4, c. 78. Parliamentary papers. HC 1844 xliii (130) 83. 19 March 1844. p. 44.
- History In Maps - the Northern Uí Neill
- "Cartin, Edward; Where did and do the Ui Mhic Carthainn live?". Archived from the original on 13 August 2011. Retrieved 14 July 2010.
- Bell, Robert; The Book of Ulster Surnames. The Black Staff Press, 2003. ISBN 0-85640-602-3
- "PRONI Parishes of County Tyrone". Archived from the original on 27 July 2011. Retrieved 14 July 2010.