|Chief Minister of Rajasthan|
|Style||The Honourable (Formal)|
Mr. Chief Minister (Informal)
|Status||Head of Government|
|Member of||Rajasthan Legislative Assembly|
|Reports to||Governor of Rajasthan|
|Appointer||Governor of Rajasthan|
|Term length||At the confidence of the assembly|
Chief minister's term is for five years and is subject to no term limits.
|Inaugural holder||Heera Lal Shastri|
|Formation||7 April 1949|
The Chief Minister of Rajasthan is the chief executive of the Indian state of Rajasthan. In accordance with the Constitution of India, the governor is a state's de jure head, but de facto executive authority rests with the chief minister. Following elections to the Rajasthan Legislative Assembly, the state's governor usually invites the party (or coalition) with a majority of seats to form the government. The governor appoints the chief minister, whose council of ministers are collectively responsible to the assembly. Given the confidence of the assembly, the chief minister's term is for five years and is subject to no term limits.
From 1949, 14 people have been Chief Minister of Rajasthan. Vasundhara Raje Scindia of the Bharatiya Janata Party is only female to serve as the chief minister of the state. After securing majority in 2018 assembly election, Ashok Gehlot of the Indian National Congress assumed office on 17 December 2018.
Chief Ministers of Rajasthan
|1||Heera Lal Shastri||7 April 1949||5 January 1951||1 year, 273 days||Indian National Congress|
|2||C. S. Venkatachari||6 January 1951||25 April 1951||109 days|
|3||Jai Narayan Vyas||26 April 1951||3 March 1952||312 days|
|4||Tika Ram Paliwal||Mahuwa||3 March 1952||31 October 1952||242 days|
|(3)||Jai Narayan Vyas ||Kishangarh||1 November 1952||12 November 1954||2 years, 11 days (total 2 years, 323 days)|
|5||Mohan Lal Sukhadia||Udaipur||13 November 1954||13 March 1967||12 years, 120 days|
|N/A||13 March 1967||26 April 1967|
|(5)||Mohan Lal Sukhadia ||Udaipur||26 April 1967||9 July 1971||4 years, 74 days (total 16 years, 194 days)||Indian National Congress|
|6||Barkatullah Khan||Tijara||9 July 1971||11 October 1973||2 years, 94 days|
|7||Hari Dev Joshi||Banswara||11 October 1973||29 April 1977||3 years, 200 days|
|N/A||29 April 1977||22 June 1977||N/A|
|8||Bhairon Singh Shekhawat||Chhabra (Rajasthan Assembly constituency)||22 June 1977||16 February 1980||2 years, 239 days||Sixth Assembly (1977–80)||Janata Party|
|N/A||16 February 1980||6 June 1980||N/A|
|9||Jagannath Pahadia||Weir||6 June 1980||13 July 1981||1 year, 37 days||Seventh Assembly (1980–85)||Indian National Congress|
|10||Shiv Charan Mathur||Mandalgarh||14 July 1981||23 February 1985||3 years, 224 days|
|11||Hira Lal Devpura||Kumbhalgarh||23 February 1985||10 March 1985||15 days||Eighth Assembly (1985–90)|
|(7)||Hari Dev Joshi ||Banswara||10 March 1985||20 January 1988||2 years, 316 days|
|(10)||Shiv Charan Mathur ||Mandalgarh||20 January 1988||4 December 1989||1 year, 318 days (total 5 years, 177 days)|
|(7)||Hari Dev Joshi ||Banswara||4 December 1989||4 March 1990||90 days (total 6 years, 241 days)|
|(8)||Bhairon Singh Shekhawat ||Chhabra (Rajasthan Assembly constituency)||4 March 1990||15 December 1992||2 years, 286 days||Ninth Assembly (1990–92)||Bharatiya Janata Party|
|N/A||15 December 1992||4 December 1993||354 days||N/A|
|(8)||Bhairon Singh Shekhawat ||Bali||4 December 1993||29 November 1998||4 years, 360 days (total 10 years, 155 days)||Tenth Assembly (1993–98)||Bharatiya Janata Party|
|12||Ashok Gehlot||Sardarpura (Rajasthan Assembly constituency)||
||1 December 1998||8 December 2003||5 years, 7 days||Eleventh Assembly (1998–2003)
||Indian National Congress|
|13||Vasundhara Raje||Jhalrapatan (Rajasthan Assembly constituency)||
||8 December 2003.||11 December 2008||5 years, 3 days||Twelfth Assembly (2003–08)||Bharatiya Janata Party|
|(12)||Ashok Gehlot ||Sardarpura (Rajasthan Assembly constituency)||
||12 December 2008||13 December 2013||5 years, 1 day||Thirteenth Assembly (2008–13)||Indian National Congress|
|(13)||Vasundhara Raje ||Jhalrapatan (Rajasthan Assembly constituency)||13 December 2013||16 December 2018||5 years, 3 days (total 10 years, 6 days)||Fourteenth Assembly (2013–18)||Bharatiya Janata Party|
|(12)||Ashok Gehlot ||Sardarpura (Rajasthan Assembly constituency)||17 December 2018||Incumbent||2 years, 184 days||Fifteenth Assembly (2018-)||Indian National Congress|
- This column only names the chief minister's party. The state government he heads may be a complex coalition of several parties and independents; these are not listed here.
- President's rule may be imposed when the "government in a state is not able to function as per the Constitution", which often happens because no party or coalition has a majority in the assembly. When President's rule is in force in a state, its council of ministers stands dissolved. The office of chief minister thus lies vacant, and the administration is taken over by the governor, who functions on behalf of the central government. At times, the legislative assembly also stands dissolved.
- Durga Das Basu. Introduction to the Constitution of India. 1960. 20th Edition, 2011 Reprint. pp. 241, 245. LexisNexis Butterworths Wadhwa Nagpur. ISBN 978-81-8038-559-9. Note: although the text talks about Indian state governments in general, it applies for the specific case of Rajasthan as well.
- Amberish K. Diwanji. "A dummy's guide to President's rule". Rediff.com. 15 March 2005.
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