|Chief Minister of Bihar|
|Status||Head of Government|
|Member of||Bihar Legislative Assembly|
|Reports to||Governor of Bihar|
|Residence||1, Aney Marg, Patna|
|Appointer||Governor of Bihar|
|Term length||At the confidence of the assembly|
Chief minister's term is for five years and is subject to no term limits.
|Precursor||Premier of Bihar|
|Inaugural holder||Shri Krishna Sinha|
|Formation||26 January 1950|
The Chief Minister of Bihar is the chief executive of the Indian state of Bihar. As per the Constitution of India, the Governor of Bihar is the state's de jure head, but de facto executive authority rests with the chief minister. Following elections to the Bihar Legislative Assembly, the governor usually invites the party (or coalition) with a majority of seats to form the government. The governor appoints the chief minister, whose council of ministers are collectively responsible to the assembly. Given that he has the confidence of the assembly, the chief minister's term is for five years and is subject to no term limits.
From 1946, 23 people have been Chief Minister of Bihar. The inaugural holder was Sri Krishna Sinha of the Indian National Congress, he also has the longest incumbency. The current incumbent is Nitish Kumar who is having incumbency since 22 February 2015.
Premiers of Bihar
The province of Bihar headquartered in Patna then comprised the present day states Bihar and Jharkhand. On 1 April 1936, Bihar and Orissa became separate provinces by the partition of the province of Bihar and Orissa. Under the Government of India Act 1935, a bicameral legislature was set up with a legislative assembly and a legislative council with a government headed by the Premier.
|No.[a]||Name||Portrait||Term of office||Party|
|From||To||Days in office|
|1||Mohammad Yunus||1 April 1937||19 July 1937||109 days||Muslim Independent Party|
|2||Shri Krishna Sinha||20 July 1937||31 October 1939||2 years, 104 days||Indian National Congress|
|(2)||Shri Krishna Sinha||23 March 1946||25 January 1950||3 years, 308 days||Indian National Congress|
Chief ministers of Bihar
|From||To||Days in office|
|1||Sri Krishna Sinha||Basantpur West||26 January 1950||31 January 1961||11 years, 5 days||Indian National Congress||1st Assembly (1952–57)|
|2nd Assembly (1957–62)|
|2||Deep Narayan Singh||Hajipur||1 February 1961||18 February 1961||17 days|
|3||Binodanand Jha||Rajmahal||18 February 1961||2 October 1963||2 years, 226 days|
|3rd Assembly (1962–67)|
|4||Krishna Ballabh Sahay||Patna West||2 October 1963||5 March 1967||3 years, 154 days|
|5||Mahamaya Prasad Sinha||Patna West||5 March 1967||28 January 1968||330 days||Jana Kranti Dal||4th Assembly (1967–68)|
|6||Satish Prasad Singh||Parbatta||28 January 1968||1 February 1968||5 days||Samyukta Socialist Party|
|7||Bindheshwari Prasad Mandal||Member of Bihar Legislative Council||1 February 1968||22 March 1968||51 days|
|8||Bhola Paswan Shastri||Korha||22 March 1968||29 June 1968||100 days||Indian National Congress|
|N/A||29 June 1968||26 February 1969||N/A||Dissolved|
|9||Harihar Singh||Nayagram||26 February 1969||22 June 1969||117 days||Indian National Congress||5th Assembly (1969–72)|
|(8)||Bhola Paswan Shastri ||Korha||22 June 1969||4 July 1969||13 days||Indian National Congress (O)|
|N/A||6 July 1969||16 February 1970||N/A|
|10||Daroga Prasad Rai||Parsa||16 February. 1970||22 December 1970||310 days||Indian National Congress|
|11||Karpoori Thakur||Tajpur||22 December 1970||2 June 1971||163 days||Socialist Party|
|(8)||Bhola Paswan Shastri ||Korha||2 June 1971||9 January 1972||222 days
||Indian National Congress|
|N/A||9 January 1972||19 March 1972||N/A||Dissolved|
|12||Kedar Pandey||Nautan||19 March 1972||2 July 1973||1 year, 105 days||Indian National Congress||6th Assembly (1972–77)|
|13||Abdul Gafoor||Member of Bihar Legislative Council||2 July 1973||11 April 1975||1 year, 283 days|
|14||Jagannath Mishra||Jhanjharpur||11 April 1975||30 April 1977||2 years, 19 days|
|N/A||30 April 1977||24 June 1977||N/A||Dissolved|
|Phulpuras||24 June 1977||21 April 1979||1 year, 301 days||Janata Party||7th Assembly (1977–80)|
|15||Ram Sundar Das||Sonepur||21 April 1979||17 February 1980||302 days|
|N/A||17 February 1980||8 June 1980||N/A|
|Jhanjharpur||8 June 1980||14 August 1983||3 years, 67 days||Indian National Congress (I)||8th Assembly (1980–85)|
|16||Chandrashekhar Singh||14 August 1983||12 March 1985||1 year, 210 days|
|17||Bindeshwari Dubey||Shahpur||12 March 1985||13 February 1988||2 years, 338 days||9th Assembly (1985–90)|
|18||Bhagwat Jha Azad||Member of Bihar Legislative Council||14 February 1988||10 March 1989||1 year, 24 days|
|19||Satyendra Narayan Sinha||Member of Bihar Legislative Council||11 March 1989||6 December 1989||270 days|
|Jhanjharpur||6 December 1989||10 March 1990||94 days|
|20||Lalu Prasad Yadav||Member of Bihar Legislative Council||10 March 1990||28 March 1995||5 years, 18 days||Janata Dal||10th Assembly (1990–95)|
|N/A||28 March 1995||4 April 1995||N/A||Dissolved|
|(20)||Lalu Prasad Yadav
|Raghopur||4 April 1995||25 July 1997||2 years, 112 days||Janata Dal||11th Assembly (1995–20|
|Rashtriya Janata Dal|
|21||Rabri Devi||Member of Bihar Legislative Council||25 July 1997||11 February 1999||1 year, 201 days|
|N/A||11 February 1999||9 March 1999||N/A|
|Member of Bihar Legislative Council||9 March 1999||2 March 2000||359 days||Rashtriya Janata Dal|
|22||Nitish Kumar [c]
||3 March 2000||10 March 2000||7 days||Samta Party||12th Assembly (2000-05)|
|Raghopur||11 March 2000||6 March 2005||4 years, 360 days||Rashtriya Janata Dal|
|N/A||7 March 2005||24 November 2005||N/A||13th Assembly (2005)|
(February 2005 election)
|Member of Bihar Legislative Council||24 November 2005||26 November 2010||8 years, 177 days||Janata Dal (United)||14th Assembly (2005–10)|
(October 2005 election)
|26 November 2010||20 May 2014|
|23||Jitan Ram Manjhi||Makhdumpur||20 May 2014||22 February 2015||278 days||15th Assembly (2010–15)|
|Member of Bihar Legislative Council||22 February 2015||20 November 2015||6 years, 118 days|
|20 November 2015||16 November 2020||16th Assembly (2015-20)|
|16 November 2020||Incumbent||17th Assembly (2020-25)|
- In 1967, Mahamaya Prasad Sinha became the first non-Indian National Congress Chief minister but he was not able to complete his term.
- Lalu Prasad Yadav was the first non-Indian National Congress Chief minister to complete his term (1990-995).
- Lalu Prasad Yadav was the first and only sitting Chief minister to go to jail, he instate his wife Rabri Devi as Chief minister before going to jail.
- Husband wife duo of Lalu Prasad Yadav-Rabri Devi remained CM for 14 years, 320 days and their younger son Tejashwi Yadav also became deputy chief Minister of Bihar.
- Nitish Kumar had served eight and a half years as Bihar's CM, before stepping down because of his party's poor showing in the 2014 general election. He again became CM in 2015 (after a gap of 278 days).
By length of term
|Nitish Kumar||Samata Party||0 years, 7 days||8 years, 177 days||14 years, 264days|
|Sri Krishna Sinha||Indian National Congress||11 years, 5 days||11 years, 5 days||11 years, 5 days|
|Rabri Devi||Rashtriya Janata Dal||0 years, 359 days||4 years, 360 days||7 year, 190 days|
|Lalu Prasad Yadav||Janata Dal||2 years, 112 days||5 years, 18 days||7 years, 130 days|
|Jagannath Mishra||Indian National Congress||0 years, 94 days||3 years, 67 days||5 years, 180 days|
|President's rule||None||0 years, 7 days||0 years, 291 days||4 years, 49 days|
|Krishna Ballabh Sahay||Indian National Congress||3 years, 154 days||3 years, 154 days||3 years, 154 days|
|Bindeshwari Dubey||Indian National Congress||2 years, 338 days||2 years, 338 days||2 years, 338 days|
|Binodanand Jha||Indian National Congress||2 years, 226 days||2 years, 226 days||2 years, 226 days|
|Karpoori Thakur||Janata Party, Socialist Party||0 years, 163 days||1 year, 301 days||2 year, 98days|
|Abdul Gafoor||Indian National Congress||1 year, 283 days||1 year, 283 days||1 year, 283 days|
|Chandrashekhar Singh||Indian National Congress||1 year, 210 days||1 year, 210 days||1 year, 210 days|
|Kedar Pandey||Indian National Congress||1 year, 105 days||1 year, 105 days||1 year, 105 days|
|Bhagwat Jha Azad||Indian National Congress||1 year, 24 days||1 year, 24 days||1 year, 24 days|
|Mahamaya Prasad Sinha||Jana Kranti Dal||0 years, 329 days||0 years, 329 days||0 years, 329 days|
|Daroga Prasad Rai||Indian National Congress||0 years, 310 days||0 years, 310 days||0 years, 310 days|
|Ram Sundar Das||Janata Party||0 years, 302 days||0 years, 302 days||0 years, 302 days|
|Jitan Ram Manjhi||Janata Dal (United)||0 years, 278 days||0 years, 278 days||0 years, 278 days|
|Satyendra Narayan Sinha||Indian National Congress||0 years, 270 days||0 years, 270 days||0 years, 270 days|
|Harihar Singh||Indian National Congress||0 years, 117 days||0 years, 117 days||0 years, 117 days|
|Bhola Paswan Shastri||Indian National Congress||0 years, 13 days||0 years, 99 days||0 years, 112 days|
|Bindheshwari Prasad Mandal||Samyukta Socialist Party||0 years, 51 days||0 years, 51 days||0 years, 51 days|
|Deep Narayan Singh||Indian National Congress||0 years, 17 days||0 years, 17 days||0 years, 17 days|
|Satish Prasad Singh||Samyukta Socialist Party||0 years, 5 days||0 years, 5 days||0 years, 5 days|
|Political Party||Chief Ministers||Term|
|Indian National Congress||Sri Krishna Sinha
Jagannath Mishra (3)
|0 years, 17 days||11 years, 5 days||33 years, 148 days|
|Samata Party||Nitish Kumar (3)||0 years, 7 days||8 years, 177 days||14 years, 264days|
|Rashtriya Janata Dal||Rabri Devi||0 years, 359 days||4 years, 360 days||7 year, 190 days|
|Janata Dal||Lalu Prasad Yadav||2 years, 112 days||5 years, 18 days||7 years, 130 days|
|President's rule||None||0 years, 7 days||0 years, 291 days||4 years, 49 days|
|Janata Party||Karpoori Thakur||2 years, 238 days||2 years, 238 days||2 years, 238 days|
|Jana Kranti Dal||Mahamaya Prasad Sinha||0 years, 329 days||0 years, 329 days||0 years, 329 days|
|Socialist Party||Karpoori Thakur||0 years, 163 days||0 years, 163 days||0 years, 163 days|
|Indian National Congress (O)||Bhola Paswan Shastri||0 years, 13 days||0 years, 13 days||0 years, 13 days|
|Samyukta Socialist Party||Satish Prasad Singh||0 years, 5 days||0 years, 51 days||0 years, 56 days|
- A parenthetical number indicates that the incumbent has previously held office.
- President's rule may be imposed when the "government in a state is not able to function as per the Constitution", which often happens because no party or coalition has a majority in the assembly. When President's rule is in force in a state, its council of ministers stands dissolved. The office of chief minister thus lies vacant, and the administration is taken over by the governor, who functions on behalf of the central government. At times, the legislative assembly also stands dissolved.
- On 15 November 2000, the new state of Jharkhand was carved out of Bihar.
One of the achievements of the Bihar Government is that they have launched a Medhasoft Application for the students so that deserving students in the state get scholarships and the amount will be directly transferred to their account. However, in order to get this, school authorities have to upload all their student's details in the Medhasoft web portal.
- Durga Das Basu. Introduction to the Constitution of India. 1960. 20th Edition, 2011 Reprint. pp. 241, 245. LexisNexis Butterworths Wadhwa Nagpur. ISBN 978-81-8038-559-9. Note: although the text talks about Indian state governments in general, it applies for the specific case of Bihar as well.
- "Chief Ministers of Bihar". Bihar Chief Minister's website. Archived from the original on 19 March 2011.
- Amberish K. Diwanji. "A dummy's guide to President's rule". Rediff.com. 15 March 2005.
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