15 Wing Moose Jaw
Moose Jaw/Air Vice Marshal C.M. McEwen Airport
|Owner||Government of Canada|
|Location||Moose Jaw No. 161, Saskatchewan|
|Time zone||CST (UTC−06:00)|
|Elevation AMSL||1,892 ft / 577 m|
Canadian Forces Base Moose Jaw (IATA: YMJ, ICAO: CYMJ), also known as 15 Wing Moose Jaw, is a Canadian Forces base located 4 nautical miles (7.4 km; 4.6 mi) south of Moose Jaw, Saskatchewan. It is operated as an air force base by the Royal Canadian Air Force (RCAF) and is home to RCAF Pilot training and 431 Squadron, the Snowbirds, which is the RCAF's air demonstration squadron.
The base's airfield is named after Air vice-marshal Clifford McEwen and is one of only three military aerodromes in Canada to be named after an individual, Valcartier (W/C J.H.L. (Joe) Lecomte) Heliport and Cold Lake/Group Captain R.W. McNair Airport being the others.
A civilian flying club aerodrome was established on the site south-southwest of Moose Jaw in 1928 by the Moose Jaw Flying Club. Its location surrounded by flat open prairie proved to be an ideal training site.
RCAF Station Moose Jaw
The declaration of World War II saw the Moose Jaw Flying Club initially contracted to provide pilot training for the Royal Canadian Air Force; however this was soon replaced by the far larger British Commonwealth Air Training Plan (BCATP) which saw the Government of Canada acquire the aerodrome and completely reconstruct it into RCAF Station Moose Jaw in 1940 with the new aerodrome opening in 1941.
Initially the Royal Air Force trained exclusively at the base under the RAF's No. 32 Service Flying Training School (SFTS) (ca. 1942) using Harvards, and later, Oxfords. No. 32 SFTS eventually broadened its intake to train 1,200 pilots for the air forces of Canada, the United Kingdom, Norway, New Zealand, Poland, France, Czechoslovakia, Belgium, the United States and the Netherlands.
In approximately 1942 the aerodrome was listed at with a variation of 18 degrees east and elevation of 1,900 ft (580 m). Six runways were listed as follows:
|13/31||2,760 ft (840 m)||100 ft (30 m)||Hard surfaced|
|13/31||2,820 ft (860 m)||100 ft (30 m)||Hard surfaced|
|8/26||2,760 ft (840 m)||100 ft (30 m)||Hard surfaced|
|8/26||3,120 ft (950 m)||100 ft (30 m)||Hard surfaced|
|2/20||2,760 ft (840 m)||100 ft (30 m)||Hard surfaced|
|2/20||2,820 ft (860 m)||100 ft (30 m)||Hard surfaced|
In 1946 RCAF Station Moose Jaw was decommissioned and the aerodrome was returned to civilian service.
Because of rising Cold War tensions, the aerodrome was reactivated by the RCAF in 1953 as the site of military pilot training. RCAF Station Moose Jaw undertook additional construction to support its expanded personnel complement. The base was used by the RCAF and its NATO allies for pilot training, using both single-prop World War II-era Harvards and Canadair CT-133 Silver Star jet training aircraft. By the mid-1960s these were both replaced by the Canadian built CT-114 Tutor.
The Institute for Stained Glass in Canada has documented the stained glass at RCAF Base Chapel.
CFB Moose Jaw
In 1968 the RCAF merged with the Canadian Army and the Royal Canadian Navy to form the unified Canadian Forces. The base's name was changed to Canadian Forces Base Moose Jaw, usually shortened to CFB Moose Jaw. From 1968 until the formation of Air Command in 1975, CFB Moose Jaw fell under the direction of Training Command and served to house the Tutor Jet Training Program.
By the early 1990s, CFB Moose Jaw was operated by over 1,300 employees and made a significant economical impact on the region, but pending cutbacks in military spending spread rumours of possible closure of the base. In 1994, the Government of Canada awarded Bombardier with a 20-year contract to support the delivery of what is now the NFTCNATO Flying Training in Canada program. Many of the base's structures were renovated to accommodate new personnel and new training aircraft. Pilots from Denmark, Singapore, Great Britain, Italy, Hungary, Germany, Finland and many other allied nations train at CFB Moose Jaw every year, ensuring the base's future with the Canadian Forces. In 2015, Bombardier sold its NFTC contract to CAE who are currently the prime contractor.
During a reorganization at AIRCOM in the late 1990s, CFB Moose Jaw's various AIRCOM units were placed under a new primary lodger unit called "15 Wing"; consequently the base is now referred to as 15 Wing Moose Jaw.
15 Wing Moose Jaw is home to the following units:
- 15 Wing/NFTC Headquarters
- 2 Canadian Forces Flying Training School, who execute the NFTC program in partnership with CAE
- 431 Air Demonstration Squadron (also known as the "Snowbirds")
- 23 Health Services Centre Detachment
- Integrated Personnel Support Centre (IPSC)
- 1 Dental Detachment
15 Wing also oversees all pilot training occurring at 3 Canadian Forces Flying Training School (3CFFTS), located at Southport, Manitoba.
- Canada Flight Supplement. Effective 0901Z 16 July 2020 to 0901Z 10 September 2020.
- Synoptic/Metstat Station Information Archived December 1, 2011, at the Wayback Machine
- Greenhous, Brereton; Norman Hillmer (Fall 1981). "The Impact of the British Commonwealth Air Training Plan on Western Canada: Some Saskatchewan Case Studies". Journal of Canadian Studies. 16 (3): 133-144Project Muse.CS1 maint: postscript (link)
- Staff writer (c. 1942). Pilots Handbook of Aerodromes and Seaplane Bases Vol. 2. Royal Canadian Air Force. p. 51.
- Stained glass at RCAF Base Chapel
- AEROWARE / RCAF.com (2010). "Bell CH-118 IROQUOIS". Retrieved 4 October 2010.
- 15 Wing – Moose Jaw
- NATO Flying Training in Canada
- Canadian Air Force Snowbirds Demonstration Team
- Moose Jaw Flying Club
- Encyclopedia of Saskatchewan