This article needs additional citations for verification. (December 2018)
Location of Bharatpur district in Rajasthan
|• Total||5,066 km2 (1,956 sq mi)|
|• Density||500/km2 (1,300/sq mi)|
|Time zone||UTC+05:30 (IST)|
Bharatpur District is a district in Rajasthan state in western India. The town of Bharatpur is the District Headquarters and Divisional Headquarters. Bharatpur District is a part of National Capital Region of India Delhi.
The place was ruled by an Indo-Scythian tribal community of Sinsinwar clan, who came to India in 100 AD. Gohad city was built in 1505 AD and developed as a famous Jat state which was later ruled by the Marathas. In 1733 AD, Maharaja Suraj Mal built the city of Bharatpur. It is believed that it was a well-fortified city under his rule. Bharatpur was carved out from Mewat and got its name from Lord Bharat (Lord Rama’s brother).
Ranas of Gohad and the British signed a treaty and British helped the Jats to restore their rule from the Marathas in 1804 AD. In 1805, British signed a treaty with Marathas and the region came under the Maratha rule again.
Bharatpur, also known as ‘Eastern Gate of Rajasthan’, is located in the Braj region 180 km away from Delhi. Geographically, the district is situated between 26° 22' and 27° 83' N and 76° 53' and 78° 17' E and its average height above sea level is around 183 m. Bharatpur city is the district headquarters and is also known by the name of Lohagarh. It is situated very close to the main cities of Rajasthan and other states. Distance between Jaipur and Bharatpur is around 178 km whereas Agra lies at a distance of 55 km from the district. Mathura is located at a distance of 34 km. Bharatpur touches Gurgaon of Haryana in the north, Mathura in the east, Agra of Uttar Pradesh and Dholpur of Rajasthan in the south and Dausa and Alwar in the west.
There are only three main seasonal rivers in this District, namely Ban Ganga, Rooparel and Gambhir. Ban Ganga starts from Ramgarh Dam of Jaipur district , passes from Bharatpur and meets in river Gambhir near tehsil Bayana of District Bharatpur. Gambhir river starts from Panchna Dam of district Karauli and after passing from Bharatpur meets River Yamuna in Uttar Pradesh. Rooparel River starts from hills of district Alwar and enters into Bharatpur from tehsil Kaman. Instead of this, a Dam, namely, Bandh Baretha is situated near the village Baretha on river Kakund which starts from the hills of district Karauli. The water of this dam is used for drinking and irrigation purpose for this district. The capacity of this dam is 684.00 million cusik feet (29 Gaze feet).
Bharatpur District has ten revenue subdivisions and eleven tehsils. They have the same names and borders, except that Weir Subdivision is divided into Weir Tehsil and Bhusawar Tehsil. The other ten tehsils are: Bayana, Bharatpur, Deeg, Kaman, Kumher, Nadbai, Nagar, Pahari, Uchchain and Roopwas (Rupbas).
In the 2011 census, the Bharatpur District had a population of 2,548,462, roughly equal to the nation of Kuwait or the US state of Nevada. This gave it a ranking of 166th among districts of India (out of a total of 640). The district had a population density of 503 inhabitants per square kilometre (1,300/sq mi). Its population growth rate over the decade 2001-2011 was 21.32%. Bharatpur had a sex ratio of 877 females for every 1000 males, and a literacy rate of 71.16%.
Trade and Commerce
Bharatpur District has been divided in six industrial areas:
- Old Industrial Area Bharatpur
- Brij Industrial Area Bharatpur
- Industrial Area Bayana
- Industrial Area Deeg
- Industrial Area Jurhera
- I.I.D. Center Bayana
Bharatpur district is known not only for agriculture production but also known for oil industries. Mustard seeds and other agriculture products come to the market through mandies established by Krishi Upaj Mandi Samiti and transported all over the country. These Krishi Upaj Mandies are in Bharatpur, Nadbai, Weir, Deeg, Kaman, Bayana, Roopwas and Bhusawar.
There are total 554 oil mills registered in which 2317 persons are employed and Rs. 2690.84 lacs was invested. Out of these mills 78 are big units having AGMARK and rest are small oil expeller units.
In some areas of Bharatpur District like- Hindaun & Karauli etc. stone quarrying is also practised. Many of nearby State's Forts like The Red Fort of Delhi, Agra Fort, and Fatehpur Sikari were built using local stone.
Bharatpur is believed to be a place of mythological importance. It is believed[by whom?] that the Pandavas had spent their 13th year of exile at this place around 3,500 years ago. Archaeologists have found many ancient specimens[which?] which are presently kept in the Bharatpur museum.
One of the most important festivals of Bharatpur is the Braj Festival which takes place in Bharatpur every year before Holi. The festival is dedicated to Lord Krishna who had spent his childhood in the Braj region. The festival displays the Indian culture and rich mythology of the Indian society. Also famous by the name of Braj Mahotsava, the festival lasts for three days in the Shukl Paksh in the month of Phalgun according to the Hindu calendar. Rasleela is organised on the occasion of this festival. Folk songs are sung by the local singers and the whole town is decorated with colours. Gangaur, Teej are another important festival of Rajasthan.Ladies wear new clothes and adorn themselves with jewellery during these festivals. They gather at a common place and pray to the goddess. Females swing to welcome ‘Saawan’. ‘Ghevar’ and ‘Pheeni’ are the sweets of the occasion. Jaswant exhibition is held in the months of September- October during Dussehra celebrations every year.
- Maharaja Suraj Mal (February 1707 – 25 December 1763) was Jat ruler of Bharatpur
- Acharya Rajendrasuri (1826–1906), Jain reformer was born in Bharatpur.
- Natwar Singh (born 1931), ex-Foreign Minister
- Jagannath Pahadia (1932–2021), Chief Minister of Rajasthan and Governor of Haryana.
The nearest airport is situated at Agra, which is 56-km from Bharatpur. Delhi is 184 Km from Bharatpur. Regular rail services connect Bharatpur with all the major cities such as Delhi, Mumbai, Jaipur and Agra. The Bharatpur railway station is about 5 Km from the park/bird sanctuary.
- "History". bharatpur.rajasthan.gov.in.
- Baratpur—Indian Princely State—the only political entity ever to have a chartreuse colored flag: Archived 11 February 2009 at the Wayback Machine
- "Location and Area". bharatpur.rajasthan.gov.in.
- "DAMS AND RIVERS". bharatpur.rajasthan.gov.in.
- "Administrative Setup". Bharatpur District. Archived from the original on 11 May 2013.
- "District Census 2011". Census2011.co.in. 2011. Retrieved 30 September 2011.
- US Directorate of Intelligence. "Country Comparison:Population". Retrieved 1 October 2011.
- "2010 Resident Population Data". U. S. Census Bureau. Archived from the original on 19 October 2013. Retrieved 30 September 2011.
- 2011 Census of India, Population By Mother Tongue
- Decadal Variation In Population Since 1901
- "Trade & Commerce". bharatpur.rajasthan.gov.in.
- "Economy". bharatpur.rajasthan.gov.in.
- "Historical Events". bharatpur.rajasthan.gov.in.
- "Festivals". bharatpur.rajasthan.gov.in.
- "How to Reach". bharatpur.rajasthan.gov.in.
- "Bharatpur Tourism: Places to Visit in Bharatpur | Tourist Places- Rajasthan Tourism". www.tourism.rajasthan.gov.in.
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Bharatpur district.|
- Official website
- Bharatpur History
- "District Bharatpur: Gram Panchayat, Samiti and Ward Map". Excise Department, Government of Rajasthan. Archived from the original on 20 May 2013. Retrieved 22 May 2013.